“To Finish the Transgression . . . and to Anoint the Most Holy”



Doug Krieger




How appropriate to terminate these reflections on the Desolator by announcing his end through rehearsing, reviewing and reviving the turbulent legacy of Israel from the “Seventy weeks are determined” (Daniel 9:24) unto the sealing up (or anointing) of the Most Holy Place (Daniel 9:24b).  The persistence of this prophetic understanding of the end-times Antichrist and of Israel’s Witness to the nations is overdue—and, for a progenitor of Martin Luther to illuminate her wanderings and “hissing” among the nations, along with her miraculous and recent materiality (much to the chagrin of her theological (viz. Hank Hanegraaff of late) and terrestrial foes), must appear incongruous for a multitude of reasons, the least of which appears to identify with Israel’s prescient anticipation TO FINISH THE TRANSGRESSION.


Israel’s tumultuous witness throughout Daniel’s 70th Week and final Messianic fulfillment—is fitting justification to Messiah’s determination and ultimate triumph as the King of kings and Lord of lords over all those who reject His choice and who have done despite to the purposes of Him Who will vindicate Himself by opening in heaven “the Ark of His Covenant” as testament to His eternal character (Revelation 11:19).


It behooves us, as well, to expose the misunderstanding and misinterpretations surrounding the 2,300 days (Daniel 8:12-14) of the Seventh-Day Adventists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Mormons and now the Millennial Madness of one, Harold Camping, and the supercessionist calculations of Historicist Larry Wilson of Day Star,  as well as the sinister schemes of eschatological bankruptcy announced by militant Amillenarian Alan Morrison, in this effort launched by the DESPICABLE ONE—the DESOLATOR to conceal, once again, his identity and lead astray God’s people into meaningless, dangerous and, most certainly spurious, beliefs and practices by manipulating prophetic numerology . . . distorting the true meaning of the text. 


We evangelicals bear some responsibility in NOT venturing into these murky waters of eschatological ambiguity—only to allow peripheral evangelical denominations, even cults, along with surreptitious anti-Semites, to persuade scores of the unsuspecting into these sacred environs which are designed to substantiate the divine intent; instead, these 2,300 days have been grossly misinterpreted by the coming “Prince of the Covenant” to confuse and distract from the true Messiah’s final effort and coming, which will once and for all FINISH THE TRANSGRESSION (Daniel 9:24—i.e., the TRANSGRESSION OF DESOLATION, Daniel 8:13).


“For this survey, I purposely selected writers who wrote before the beginning of the 19th century when Baptist evangelist, William Miller (origins of Seventh-Day Adventists and Jehovah’s Witnesses), and many others, both in Europe and the United States began teaching that the 2,300 days would end during the 19th century. It is important to note that before the 19th century there was no consensus position on the meaning of Daniel 8. In fact, very little has ever been written on Daniel 8 during the past two millenniums.  Historically speaking, William Miller was among the first to bring Daniel 8:14 out of obscurity.” (Larry Wilson, The 2,300 Days of Daniel 8:14 found in Day Star, July/August, 1998)


That said, there are evangelicals who refuse to allow peripheral and aberrant eschatologies to take exclusive possession of the 2,300 days—and in so doing, to hail its true meaning on behalf of the Almighty’s purposes for Daniel’s “people and holy city.”  Ours is neither to vilify nor to exonerate, neither to excoriate nor to justify (the Jews) – no, ours is to declare the unalterable mandate of the divine prerogative, for . . .


“If their (i.e., Israel’s) fall is riches for the world, and their failure riches for the Gentiles, how much more their fullness!” (Romans 11:12)


“For if their being cast away is the reconciling of the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead?” (Romans 11:15)


“Concerning the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but concerning the election they are beloved for the sake of the fathers.  For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable” (Romans 11:28, 29).


Thus, as we approach the “seventy sevens” (weeks) determined “for your people and for your holy city” (Daniel 9:24), we must understand that these “sevens” have been prophetically designed by the Almighty to allow, not only “all the people of the land . . . your people . . . my people Israel. . . the holy people” (Daniel 8:24; 9:6, 15-16, 20; 10:14; 12:1, 7) to witness the “purposes of the Almighty” (Daniel 12:4) – but, as well, for the nations, the Gentiles, the “people of the prince who is to come” (Daniel 9:26) who conspire, contest and contend against this “people” until “the power of the holy people has been completely shattered” (Revelation 11:2; Daniel 8:10) . . . yes, they shall likewise behold His purposes.  The Gentiles shall see in God’s dealings with Israel His purposes upon the earth, and in the unveiling of these intentions, Israel has, is and will be His witnesses to the nations – not because of their worthiness nor despite their trespass, but to vindicate the righteousness of Him who beforehand . . . .


“. . . committed them all (“shut them all up in”) to disobedience, that He might have mercy on all” (Romans 11:32).


Therefore, for this reason, and for none other, we extol His decision . . .


“Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God!  How unsearchable are His judgments and His ways past finding out!” 


‘For who has known the mind of the LORD?  Or who has become His counselor?  Or who has first given to Him and it shall be repaid to him?’


“For of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, to who be glory forever. Amen” (Romans 11:33-36).




“Seventy weeks are determined for your people and for your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sins, to make reconciliation for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the Holy of Holies . . . know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince, there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; the street shall be built again, and the wall (or “moat”) in troublesome times” (Daniel 9:24-25).


But after Messiah the Prince has been heralded by Israel, by “your people” – yes, “AFTER the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself;” (Daniel 9:26a).  Indeed, it was shortly four days after Messiah’s Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem, riding up a donkey that He was “cut off” – was crucified – but “no fault” was found in the spotless lamb!  (Matthew 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-10; Luke 19:29-38)



AFTER the “cutting off” of Messiah “the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary . . . the end of it shall be with a flood, and till the end of the war desolations are determined” (Daniel 9:26b).  Just as the Gentiles “will tread the holy city underfoot for forty-two months” – even so, it is “the prince who is to come” who will, “When they finish their testimony, the beast that ascends out of the bottomless pit will make war against them, overcome them, and kill them” (Revelation 11:2, 7).  This “DESOLATOR” – this “VILE or DESPICABLE ONE” (Daniel 9:27; 11:21) who, as we soon shall see, “. . . shall come to his end, and no one will help him” (Daniel 11:45).


For this “prince who is to come” – yes, this one . . .


“He shall speak pompous words against the Most High, shall persecute the saints of the Most High, and shall intend to change times and law.  Then the saints shall be given into his hand for a time and times and half a time.  But the court shall be seated, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and destroy it forever.  The kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people, the saints of the Most High.  His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey Him” (Daniel 7:25-27) . . .


. . . (this Antichrist) shall have conspired to deceive, yet once more in the latter days after Israel’s ingathering, only to terminate their sacrifice and in its place “declare himself that he is God” (II Thess. 2:4) . . . for “the Abomination of Desolation spoken of by Daniel the prophet” (Daniel 11:31; 12:11; Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14) shall inspire the Desolator (Daniel 9:27) to “make war against them,   (note--you'll have to manually go in and change the hyperlink in Bible Gateway to read from Matthew 24:15 and not Matthew 14:15) overcome them, and kill them” (Revelation 11:7) but, the day awaits his doom, for nigh when the “power of the holy people has been completely shattered” (Daniel 12:7) – even unto the “one thousand two hundred and ninety days” of his determined abominations (Daniel 12:11) shall this one – “the same horn (who) was making war against the saints, and prevailing against them” (Daniel 7:21) “until the Ancient of Days came, and a judgment was made in favor of the saints of the Most High, and the time came for the saints to possess the kingdom” (Daniel 7:22) – even he shall come to his end.


The “transgression of desolation” – wherein the rededicated sanctuary within the crucible of Daniel’s 70th Week shall have its daily sacrifice terminated by the Desolator – yea, “the host to be trampled underfoot” for 42 months, for time, times and half a time, for 1260 days, for 3.5 years/3.5 days (Daniel 7:25; 12:7; Rev. 12:14; 11:2, 9, 11; 12:6; 13:5).  He shall have his horrid and vile conclusion “come to his end, and no one will help him” (Daniel 11:45b) . . . for he who “shall destroy the mighty, and also the holy people through his cunning (wherein) he shall cause deceit to prosper under his rule” . . . even this one who “shall exalt himself in his heart” . . . this one who shall “rise against the Prince of princes” . . . “he shall be broken without human means” (Daniel 8:24b-25) . . . for . . .


“In the days of these kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed; and the kingdom shall not be left to other people; it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand forever.  Inasmuch as you saw that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it broke in pieces the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver, and the gold—the great God has made known to the king what will come to pass after this”. . . yes . . . “a stone was cut out without hands, which struck the image on its feet of iron and clay, and broke them in pieces . . . and the stone that struck the image became a great mountain and filled the whole earth” (Daniel 2:44-45; 34-35).




Though some today would claim to be Jehovah’s exclusive “witnesses” – their flamboyant and altogether dubious organizational claims fly in the face of all prophetic witness – such prophetic testimony to the Gentiles, to the Gentile World Powers, “the nations” (not as unto individuals, per se, among the Gentiles), belongs to the exclusive purview of the Almighty’s choice of Israel – set aside and chosen upon the earth to fulfill the purposes of God – not for their sakes (by any stretch of one’s self-righteous imagination), but to declare “the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God – how unsearchable are His judgments and His ways past finding out . . . for of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, to whom be glory forever.  Amen” (Romans 11:33, 36).


“I will accept you as a sweet aroma when I bring you out from the peoples and gather you out of the countries where you have been scattered; and I will be hallowed in you before the Gentiles.  Then you shall know that I am the LORD, when I bring you into the land of Israel, into the country for which I raised My hand in an oath to give to your fathers.  And there you shall remember your ways and all your doings with which you were defiled; and you shall loathe yourselves in your own sight because of all the evils that you have committed.  Then you shall know that I am the LORD, when I have dealt with you for My name’s sake, not according to your wicked ways nor according to your corrupt doings, O house of Israel,’ says the Lord God.’” (Ezekiel 20:41-44).


“Let all the nations be gathered together and let the people be assembled.  Who among them can declare this, and show us former things?  Let them bring out their witnesses, that they may be justified; or let them hear and say, ‘It is truth.’  ‘You are My witnesses,’ say the LORD, ‘and My servant whom I have chosen, that you may know and believe Me, and understand that I am He.  Before Me there was no God formed, nor shall there be after Me.  I, even I, am the LORD, and besides Me there is no savior.  I have declared and saved, I have proclaimed, and there was no foreign god among you; therefore you are My witnesses,’ Says the Lord, ‘that I am God.  Indeed before the day was, I am He; and there is no one who can deliver out of My hand; I work, and who will reverse it?’ . . . ‘I am the LORD, Your Holy One, the Creator of Israel, your King.’ . . . ‘This people I have formed for Myself they shall declare My praise’” (Isaiah 43:9-13, 15, 21).


“Thus says the LORD, the King of Israel, and his Redeemer, the LORD of hosts:  I am the First and I am the Last; besides Me there is no god.  And who can proclaim as I do?  Then let him declare it and set it in order for Me, since I appointed the ancient people.  And the things that are coming and shall come, let them show these to them.  Do not fear, nor be afraid have I not told you from that time, and declared it? You are My witnesses.  Is there a God besides Me?  Indeed there is no other Rock; I know not one.’” (Isaiah 44:6-8).


God’s promises to “national” Israel (and be very clear, that is precisely what we’re discussing) are irrevocable – and that will be His declaration throughout eternity – the endless covenantal promises of Him Who declares the eternality of His promise (Jeremiah 33:19-26—and do read it) – a promise and covenant that no man can put asunder; nor deviant eschatological system destroy; nor clever cultic device His decree besmirch; nor Gentile dispersion, onslaught, religious intolerance and expulsion, persecution, Crusade, inquisition, ghetto, pogrom, assimilating flood, Holocaust or Jihad, nor ceaseless Middle East conflict – nor “Prince of the Covenant’s” deceptive treaty’s enforcement; nor Jacob’s Trouble through Beast and Gentile trampling and shattering of this holy people’s power, nor “doctrines of demons” destroy . . . for, whereas “nothing shall separate us (His Church) from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord” (Romans 8:38-39) – even so, NOTHING will prevent “The Deliverer (Who) will come out of Zion . . . He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob; for this is My covenant with them, when I take away their sins” . . . for . . . “Concerning the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but concerning the election they are beloved for the sake of the fathers.  For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable . . . and so all Israel will be saved” (Romans 11:26-29) . . . for he will “finish the transgression and make an end of sins . . . make reconciliation for iniquity . . . bring in everlasting righteousness . . . confirm what the prophet saw and ‘anoint the Holy of Holies’” (Daniel 9:24 – NKJV, The Message, NLV).


“Whereas you have been forsaken and hated, so that no one went through you, I will make you an eternal excellence, a joy of many generations.  You shall drink the milk of the Gentiles, and milk the breast of kings; you shall know that I, the LORD, am your Savior and your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob . . . For Zion’s sake I will not hold My peace, and for Jerusalem’s sake I will not rest, until her righteousness goes forth as brightness, and her salvation as a lamp that burns.  The Gentiles shall see your righteousness, and all kings your glory.  You shall be called by a new name, which the mouth of the Lord will name.  You shall also be a crown of glory in the hand of the LORD, a royal diadem in the hand of your God.  You shall no longer be termed Forsaken, nor shall your land any more be termed Desolate; but you shall be called Hephzibah (Lit. ‘My Delight is in Her’) and your land Beulah (Lit. ‘Married’); for the Lord delights in you, and your land shall be married” (Isaiah 60:15-16; 62:1-4).




Thus, to dispense with the Two Olive Trees in Revelation 11:4 as naught but the Church’s offices as “kings and priests” unto our God (Revelation 1:6) in the triumphant testimony and turbulent testing before the “Tribune” (from whence the word Tribulum and hence, “tribune” is derived—for the Judge awaits the testimony of His Two Witnesses against that Great City, Babylon) – before the “Judge of all the earth” (Gen. 18:25) – the 70th and final Week of Daniel’s prophecy wherein that great winnowing of the wheat (Matt. 13:30; Rev. 14:14-16; Matt. 3:12; Luke 3:17), the “separation” of the chaff from the wheat   - does great prophetic injustice to Daniel’s prophetic visions of “the holy covenant” (Daniel 11:28, 30) – even “against the covenant” (Daniel 11:32).  The people of the covenant are indistinguishable from the “Covenant of the Lord” (Revelation 11:18—“The Ark of the Covenant”).


Let the Church perceive the mystery of her conception—for “in Christ” is she “Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise” – “for in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, but a new creation . . . and as many as walk according to this rule, peace and mercy be upon them even upon the Israel of God” – in that all true believers “in Christ” are the Israel of God (Galatians 3:29; 6:15-16).  It is “in Christ” that the Church, once “aliens from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world . . . But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ . . . that the Gentiles should be fellow heirs, of the same body, and partakers of His promise in Christ through the gospel . . . to the intent that now the manifold wisdom of God might be made known by the church to the principalities and powers in the heavenly places, according to the eternal purpose which He accomplished in Christ Jesus our Lord” (Ephesians 2:12-13; 3:6, 10-11).


Nevertheless, and to the unscrupulous dismay of those who claim the full mantel of Israel, according to the flesh, as the totality of the New Israel of God—yet, are they awash in their superiority and have reduced the spiritual blessings in Christ Jesus to a vulgar distain towards those of the original olive tree in whom we have been grafted (Romans 11:17-36).  Therefore, let it be abundantly clear to these Triumphalists – to those who know not nor yearn for National Israel’s promise through Paul that “God is able to graft them in again” – yes, let them be aware, their acceptance in the Beloved, “through the blood of the everlasting covenant” (Hebrews 13:20) does NOT circumvent, negate, disannul, the promises made to the fathers—not one iota!  Messiah’s announcement through the angel Gabriel regarding the “end of transgressions” is NOT a rude awakening to recalcitrant Jews— nor as some claim, “a hideous recognition of Jesus as Israel’s Messiah” which bears no salvific significance— indeed, it is “life from the dead” (Romans 11:15).  This is the cleansing of the temple – this is the “end of transgressions.”


The Church is NOT the sole witness found in Revelation 11—her struggle, her primary witness is not against “flesh and blood, but her Two Lampstands shine against the “rulers of the darkness of this age” - against principalities, against powers, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places” (Ephesians 6:12); however, Israel’s witness—her Two Olive Trees—bear their significance towards the “kingdoms of this world” – towards the “Image” which arose upon the Plains of Shinar and that Image’s patrimony.  Thus, Israel and the Church – to earth and to heaven – bear joint testimony during the crucible of the 70th Week of Daniel.


Yes, it is that “COVENANT” that disturbs the nations; provokes Antichrist to assail “the holy people” (Daniel 8:24; 12:7); and, that declares after the wrath of God and the Lamb have reached “the consummation, which is determined is poured out upon the Desolator” (Daniel 9:27), and the “kingdoms of this world have now become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ” (Rev. 11:11-13, 15) – and after “the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that You should reward Your servants the prophets and the saints, and those who fear Your name, small and great and should destroy those who destroy the earth” (Revelation 11:17-18) – yes, after all this:  “THEN the temple of God was opened in heaven, and the ARK OF HIS COVENANT was seen in His temple” (Revelation 11:19). 


Do you think for one second that this COVENANT is not a Testament to His eternal purpose and plan?  Is this not the ultimate manifestation of the very essence of His Person and Work—the height of His character in the crescendo of His perfection and promise?  The testimony and tirade that transcends Revelation 11 climaxes in the persistence of His compact; in the Ark of His Covenant – the Agreement made on earth abides transcendent in its breath, length, height and depth – the heavens record his earthly dealings among the children of men – nothing can compete nor conflict with the covenant – “the Covenant of the Lord” (M).


As the Church participates in the “blessings” (in particular, the soteriological (salvation) aspects) of the New Covenant—that does NOT disannul Isaiah’s, Jeremiah’s nor Ezekiel’s prophetic outbursts upon National Israel (Jeremiah 31:31-34; 32:37-40; 50:4-5; Isaiah 24:5; 59:20-21; 61:8-9; Ezekiel 16:60-63; 34:25-26; 37:21-28).  Amillenarianism’s stigma overshadows all prophetical interpretations of these texts throughout.  For them, the New Testament Scriptures which clearly speak of the New Covenant (Luke 22:20; I Corinthians 11:25; II Corinthians 3:6; Hebrews 8:8; 9:15), along with those which allude to it (Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24; Romans 11:27; Hebrews 8:10-13; 12:24) asserts that the Church is now fulfilling these Old Testament prophecies; therefore, there is no need for an earthly fulfillment, an earthly millennium, a National Israel.


The Church receives blessings of the Abrahamic covenant (Gal. 3:14; 4:22-31) through faith (i.e., “in Christ” – “Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made.  He does not say, ‘And to seeds,’ as of many, but as of one, ‘And to your Seed,’ who is Christ . . . cannot annul the covenant that was confirmed before by God in Christ, that it should make the promise of no effect”—Galatians 3:16-17), without being under or fulfilling that covenant (i.e., circumcision).  In the same manner, the Church “in Christ” may receive blessings from the New Covenant (again, those related directly to salvation) without being under or fulfilling that New Covenant.  Romans 11:26-27 makes it plain that this New Covenant can only be realized after the Second Coming of Christ.  The 70th Week (or the “Tribulation Period”), nor the Second Coming of Christ, and most assuredly the Millennial age, are still yet future; therefore, the fulfillment of this New Covenant promise must be yet future—i.e., the Church cannot, therefore, be fulfilling this New Covenant (in particular those aspects directly associated with the material (Israel in the land—Jeremiah 32:41; Isaiah 61:8; Ezekiel 34:25-27)). 


Likewise, Ezekiel 37:26-27a wherein it bespeaks of a rebuilt sanctuary in Jerusalem; the cessation of war and the establishment of the reign of peace (Hosea 2:18; Isaiah 2:4); and, the very fact that it is the blood of Jesus Christ which provides the basis of all Israel’s future blessings embodied in the New Covenant:  “By the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein is no water” – none of these “New Covenant” blessings have been fulfilled on behalf of National Israel; but the literal New Covenant which was made with the physical seed of Abraham is on behalf of the Church “realized, appropriated, experienced” IN CHRIST HIMSELF—yet “apart from any relationship of the church to this blood, the covenant stands as yet unfulfilled and awaits a future literal fulfillment” (Things to Come, Dwight Pentecost, p. 125).


In sum, the New Covenant references in the Old Testament were made with National Israel in view—the Jewish People.  The New Covenant insofar as National Israel concerns will be made during the 45-days between the 1,290th Day and the 1,335th Day found in Daniel 12:11-12—after the Second Coming of Christ “when the Deliverer shall come out of Zion and He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob; for this is My covenant with them, when I take away their sins” (Romans 11:26-27; Isaiah 27:9).  The New Covenant’s prophetic promise abides—He cannot deny Himself!  The Church, through and “in Christ” partakes of the spiritual blessings and benefits of that New Covenant through the blood of Christ, having been “accepted in the Beloved” and “through the blood of the everlasting covenant” enjoy that same salvation yet promised to National Israel.  There is no contradiction of the Scriptures here—NONE!  There are not “two new covenants” (one for the Church and one for Israel); there is no duplication in the work of Christ—there is but one New Covenant predicated upon the blood of Jesus which saves all before Abraham to Adam, and from Abraham to Christ, and from Christ to the commencement of the Eschaton.  Again, it is upon that “blood covenant basis” that National Israel’s future Deliverance and Millenarian commitments are actualized.  Hallelujah to “the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world” (Revelation 13:8).


Likewise, the heavenly validation of the Ark of His Covenant is inseparable from the witness of Israel to “those who destroy the earth” (Rev. 11:18) – the witness has been given; the witness has endured; and, the confirmation of that witness resounds in the heavens.  Make no mistake – the expression “Ark of His Covenant was seen in His temple” is deliberate; evoking the language of the Hebrew prophet and confirming the nature and irrevocability of His everlasting promise.


Daniel’s prophetic discourse repeatedly cements the divine together with the people of His destiny—they are inseparable.  It is for this reason that Antichrist is obsessed with Israel—to destroy her utterly.  Describing the adumbrative exploits of Antiochus IV Epiphanes – (175 to 163 B.C.) and his invasion against Jerusalem in Daniel 11:29-39 we find this peculiar language which discloses the aforementioned obsession of the future Antichrist and his real intention:


“He shall be grieved, and return in rage against the holy covenant, and do damage.  So he shall return and show regard for those who forsake the holy covenant.  And forces shall be mustered by him, and they shall defile the sanctuary fortress; then they shall take away the daily sacrifices, and place there the abomination of desolation.  Those who do wickedly against the covenant he shall corrupt with flattery; but the people who know their God shall be strong, and carry out great exploits” (Daniel 11:30-32). (My emphasis.)


All that Antichrist can do to destroy the holy covenant he shall do.  Separating the people from the holy covenant, through force or flattery, is his goal.  As long as Israel would forsake the covenant—then would Antichrist’s aspirations succeed.  It is that stolid covenant that outrages the Gentiles under the sway of the Beast who rises out of the turbulence of the Gentile Sea (Revelation 13:1).  The COVENANT is the cosmic polarization which distinguishes the profane from the holy, the vulgar from the sanctified. 


Again, the Gentile World Powers at the time of Daniel’s immediate prophecy were resolute in their determination to defile, to terminate the daily sacrifices and “do wickedly against the covenant” – be that (as was the case with the Hellenization of the Jews under Antiochus IV Epiphanes) the immediate destruction of Israel’s people through persecution and ultimate death; through usurpation of the high priestly title as “Prince of the Covenant” (Daniel 11:22); the termination of the daily sacrifices, and thus, the breaking of his own falsehood (Daniel 9:27) via the placement of the Greek god Zeus over the altar of burnt offerings in the temple—i.e., “the abomination of desolation” to which Jesus refers in Matthew 24:15 and Mark 13:14; and the termination of all “Jewish significance” wherein circumcision, the Sabbath, and all dietary practices, including special feast days and times were terminated or altogether altered.


Through it all, this Antichrist – the ultimate Beast – foments his hatred toward the Covenant through his hatred toward those committed by the Almighty as a witness to these same Gentile World Powers . . . but in that hatred there is this overweening antagonism which is at the core of his contestation:


“He (Antichrist) shall exalt and magnify himself above every god, shall speak blasphemies against the God of gods, shall prosper till the wrath has been accomplished; for what has been determined shall be done . . . and he was given a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies . . . then he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme His name, His tabernacle, and those who dwell in heaven . . . it was granted to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them . . . all who dwell on the earth will worship him” (Daniel 11:36; Revelation 13:5-8).


Yes, destroy this witness whose origins are of heavenly character—for Israel’s allocation, though upon the earth, is sealed in the heavens wherein the Ark of the Covenant – the Covenant of the Lord – abides forever!  But the Antichrist-Beast, and all those who manifest the terrestrial traits of their father—the “father of lies”—find their portion wholly absorbed upon this dirt, for as Ray Stedman so accurately describes the “earthly” vs. the “heavenly” mindset:


“In verse 8 (Revelation 13:8) there is a reference to ‘All inhabitants of the earth.’  This sentence in verse 8 should actually read, ‘All the earth dwellers will worship the beast.’  We have seen this term before in Revelation, and it is in reference not to those who live on planet Earth, but to those who live only for this world, the materialists and humanists who have no use for heavenly things, no heavenly citizenship, no life except the so-called ‘good life’ here on earth.  In contrast to these materialistic ‘earth dwellers’ are ‘those who tabernacle in heaven,’ whose names are ‘written in the book of life belonging to the Lamb that was slain from the creation of the world.’  Those who ridicule and slander people who believe in God also commit a form of blasphemy.  When John speaks in this passage of ‘those who live in heaven’ (and a more precise translation would be ‘those who tabernacle in heaven’), he is not speaking of those who have died and gone to heaven, but of saints who live on the earth yet whose lives are governed by heavenly realities.  They ‘tabernacle in heaven’ because they believe in the unseen spiritual realm of heaven and their thinking is guided by the Word of God” (Ray Stedman, God’s Final Word—Understanding Revelation, Discovery House Publishers, Grand Rapids, MI, 1991, pp. 248-9).


Yet, those governed by heavenly realities know full well that our redemption includes the redemption of our very bodies (Romans 8:23).  Likewise, those believers who embrace a Gnostic understanding of His alleged purposes—and think that all tangibility bespeaks of the flesh—play into the spirit of antichrist; for, His original creation was good . . . He intends to redeem that creation, ultimately a “new heaven and a new earth” (Revelation 21:1) await the faithful.




This is the Ark of the TESTAMENT – the Covenant of the Lord – the Ark of TESTIMONY (Revelation 11:19) – for its meaning is both a testament to God’s unwavering and unalterable plan and purpose through the ages, forever recorded in the heavens – as well as the Testament to His Shekinah Presence; to His Eternal Glory.  Now, this “temple of God” opened in heaven, with its Covenant of the Lord—the Ark of His Covenant, or His Testament, immediately signals that the Holy of Holies has been anointed!


Now, played out on the earth, the initial disclosure concerning Israel’s Prophetic Witness immediately commences in Daniel 9:24 wherein the 70 weeks are forecasted “for your people and for your holy city.”  We are not here to discuss the intricacies of the 490 years “from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince” – but as Daniel 9:24 astounds us all by announcing Israel’s 70 Weeks of prophetic astonishment - it immediately rushes to the finality of those 70 weeks into the SEVENTY-FIVE DAYS which exceed the final and 70th Week yet future!  Heaven and earth are caught in the vortex of a final cosmic struggle between the “Prince who is to come” and the “Prince of the Host.” (Daniel 8:11; 9:26)—how that vision is delivered before Israel and the Church in these last days is of priority concern for this ministry; and, we believe for the spiritual vitality of God’s people at the close of this age, as well as the preparation for Israel’s miraculous deliverance and salvation.


No, you probably have not heard this interpretation until now—but I do believe the Lord has illuminated His Word to us at such a time as this to confound the wisdom of this world and to shake the foundations of the kingdoms of this world in so doing.  Israel’s prophetic witness to the nations—even to those wherein His wrath is directed . . .


“The nations were angry (“Why do the heathen rage and imagine a vain thing?” – Psalm 2:1), and Your wrath (anger) has come” (Revelation 11:18).


. . . –is the fulfillment of Daniel’s prophetic introduction:


“Seventy weeks (Lit, sevens) are determined for your people and for your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sins (Lit, “to seal up sins”), to make reconciliation for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy (Lit. “The Most Holy Place” – i.e., the Holy of Holies)” (Daniel 9:24).




The following ambiguity uttered by Dr. John Walvoord is sincere and represents the immediate consternation regarding the interpretation of Daniel 9:24 – his commentary, if read in full, is altogether inconclusive:


“Once it has been established that the prophecy relates to the people of Israel and the holy city Jerusalem, six important purposes of God are clearly discerned in verse 24: (1) ‘to finish the transgression’’ (2) ‘to make an end of sins’’ (3) ‘to make reconciliation for iniquity’; (4) ‘to bring in everlasting righteousness’ (5) ‘to seal up the vision and prophecy’; and (6) ‘to anoint the most Holy.’


“These six items, to be completed in the seventy sevens of Daniel 9:24, are comprehensive in nature.  Some expositors, like Young, attempt to find three negative results, namely, ‘to finish the transgression,’ ‘to make an end of sins,’ and ‘to make reconciliation for iniquity.’  By contrast, the positive accomplishments would be ‘to bring in everlasting righteousness,’ ‘to seal up the vision and prophecy,’ and ‘to anoint the most Holy.’  This obviously is an arbitrary division, because ‘to make reconciliation for iniquity’ is a positive rather than a negative act and, on the contrary ‘to seal up the vision and prophecy’ is probably negative instead of positive.  The preferable approach is to take each on its own merits.” (John Walvoord, Daniel – The Key to Prophetic Revelation, - please see pp. 216-223).


Walvoord continues through a number of outstanding commentaries of the “possible” understanding of the “determinant” text which lays out the panoply of God’s intentions for Israel—but then concludes:


There is really no ground for dogmatism (i.e., in interpreting these six pronouncements in Daniel 9:24) here as there is a possibility that any of these views (which Walvoord gives in his text) might be correct.  The interpretation of Keil and Leupold that it refers to the holy of holies in the New Jerusalem has much to commend itself.  On the other hand, the other items all seem to be fulfilled before the second advent and the seventieth week itself concludes at that time.  If fulfillment is necessary before the second advent, it would probably rule out Keil, Leupold, and Gaebelein, although millennial fulfillment could be regarded as part of the second advent.  On the other hand, the six items are not in chronological order and it would not violate the text seriously to have this prophecy fulfilled at any time in relation to the consummation.  If complete fulfillment is found in Antiochus Epiphanes as liberal critics conclude or in the first coming of Christ as characterizes Amillenarians like Young, this reduces the perspective.  If the final seven years is still eschatologically future, it broadens the possibility of fulfillment to the second advent of Christ and events related to it such as the millennial temple.  Amillenarians like Leupold, who hold to an indefinite period of time, can extend the final fulfillment to the eternal state.” (Ibid. p. 223).


Walvoord’s conclusions are in keeping with the wide disparities amongst the Dispensationalists, who, under the marketing of C. I. Scofield and his Bible regarding Daniel 8 can be summed up in this evaluation:


“So, where did Scofield place the 2,300 days of Daniel 8:14? In his Bible commentary on Daniel 8 he states, ‘This prediction was fulfilled during the bitter persecution under Antiochus Epiphanies IV and in the cleansing of the sanctuary in Jerusalem.’ He is referring to a time-period that reaches from 168 B.C. to 162 B.C., historically known as the Maccabean revolt under Judas Maccabeus.


“Scofield’s reasoning is both simple and straightforward: He concludes that the ram of Daniel 8 is Persia and the goat is Grecia. (The Bible clearly states this.)  Scofield then concludes that the horn power of Daniel 8:9 must be Antiochus Epiphanies (sic.) IV, a king who came out of Syria (which was located in one of the four divisions of the Grecian empire). Historians tell us that Antiochus persecuted the Jews and profaned their temple in Jerusalem. Scofield places the beginning of the 2,300 days on December 6, 167 B.C. when Antiochus desecrated the temple and ends that time-period on March 27, 160 B.C. when General Nicanor was killed.”  (Larry Wilson, The 2,300 Days of Daniel 8:14, Day Star, July-August, 1998)


Indeed, I find concurrence with Larry Wilson’s Day Star article in exposing the fallacies of Scofield’s interpretation of the 2,300 days and the fact that Scofield disassociated the “little horn” (i.e., the future Antichrist as “seen in Antiochus IV Epiphanes”) and the mandatory prophetic aspects of that “little horn” associated with the 2,300 days:


“I believe Scofield correctly observes that the vision of Daniel 8 concerns the appointed time of the end, but this produces a bit of a problem. Most commentators on Daniel 8, prior to Scofield, considered the horn power (Daniel 8:9) and the ‘king understanding dark sentences’ (Daniel 8:23, KJV) to be the same entity. However, Scofield separates them. He concluded that the sinister figure in Daniel 8:23 (the king understanding dark sentences) is not the same entity as the horn power mentioned earlier in Daniel 8:9, but rather an allusion to the Antichrist during end-times. In other words, Scofield places 95% of Daniel 8 in ancient history and without displaying any connection between the past and the future, places the final verses of Daniel 8 in the future.


“I believe the horn power in verse 9 and the king understanding dark sentences in verse 23 are the same – the Antichrist who appears during the appointed time of the end. The horn power is obviously the only possible entity that can appear during the end-time, since the ram and goat are defined in the vision as the ancient world empires of Medo-Persia and Grecia. From my point of view, Scofield errs by separating the horn power from the specifications that go with the king understanding dark sentences, and then attempting to force Antiochus IV and the 2,300 days into an ancient setting.” (Ibid.)


Scofield’s thesis deserves additional exposure by Wilson:

“Scofield chooses two events to mark the beginning and ending of the 2,300 days that have no textual relevance to Daniel 8 or the 2,300 days mentioned in verse 14. He begins with the desecration of the temple in Jerusalem and he ends with the death of General Nicanor about 2,300 days later.


“Using the future indicative tense, the prophecy in Daniel 8:14 simply states that the sanctuary will be cleansed when 2,300 days elapse. If the prophecy of Daniel 8:14 is concerned with the temple in Jerusalem that Antiochus IV desecrated, then history does not support the claim of Scofield. According to 1 Maccabees 4:52-54, the rebuilt temple was purified, reconsecrated and services resumed three years later on December 14, 164 B.C.  II Maccabees 10:1-8 also confirms that temple services resumed at this time. In other words, the length of time between the purification of the rebuilt temple by Judas Maccabee and the defilement by Antiochus is not even close to 2,300 days. This point alone should render Scofield’s view incorrect.  (Editor’s Note:  And it certainly does!)


“Although defenders of Scofield’s position acknowledge that temple services began long before the 2,300 days expired, they contend that temple services were only free of ‘destructive threat’ after General Nicanor died.  Daniel 8:14 says nothing about a threat or about destruction. The Bible simply states, ‘then shall the sanctuary be cleansed’ (or restored NIV). Nonetheless, defenders of Scofield say the 2,300 days were fulfilled when Nicanor died because the threat of temple destruction disappeared after Nicanor died.” (Ibid.)


It is my conjecture that the overriding reasoning behind the immediate fulfillment of the 2,300 days in the context of Antiochus IV Epiphanes by Scofield had more to do with circumventing the plethora of spurious eschatologies already wrought within Seventh Day Adventism and the same as witnessed by the Jehovah’s Witnesses and their pending 1914 date—in other words, “Let us be done with this gibberish and confine the 2,300 days as past prophetic fulfillment” (“for we can’t figure out where they fit in any future time line”).  But this he did in spite of the obvious difficulties dealing with the “little horn” as Wilson has so aptly exposed; and, furthermore, compounding the “error of his way” Scofield attempts to approximate the 2,300 days into a time frame which wholly does not fit the prophetic time line—hence, the statements by Walvoord that these passages in Daniel 8:14 simply are somehow beyond “dogmatism!”




Wilson destroys Scofield’s argument that the 2,300 days is somehow related strictly to the time of Antiochus IV Epiphanes, and rightly so.  The “little horn” (or “younger horn”) of Daniel 8:9 is indeed connected to the “king of fierce countenance” in Daniel 8:23 and both references point to the final Antichrist—a brilliant observation on Wilson’s part! 


Later on, however, we will see that Wilson, bound by his “year-day” thesis of ALL PROPHETICAL DAYS MUST BE INTERPRETED AS YEARS, places the decree to rebuild Jerusalem in 457 B.C. and extrapolates the conclusion of the 2,300 days to the year 1844, where, like the Seventh-day Adventists, he claims that Christ commenced in the heavens the alleged INVESTIGATIVE JUDGMENT of both saint and sinner—abusing the interpretation of Daniel 7:9-10; not realizing that contextually, Daniel 7:9-10 is immediately connected to the judgment of the “younger horn” or “the beast” and that the “books” so opened signal the pouring out of the Wrath of God and the Lamb (Revelation 15-16; 11:18); His Second Advent (Revelation 19:11-21); and the subsequent cleansing of the temple (Daniel 9:24b, 27b; 12:12; Matthew 23:39) and the immediate judgment of the nations (Matthew 25:31-33) prior to the 1,000-year literal Millennium (Revelation 20:1-6). 


By this methodology or hermeneutic (“day-year”), and under the influence of his Amillenarian/Replacement theology background, Wilson sees little, if any, immediate connection of the 2,300 days within the context of a future regathered National Israel in the latter days and how those 2,300 days play out within a 70th Week yet future—since, according to Wilson and virtually all Amillenarians, that full 70th Week played out at the first coming of Christ.)  But Wilson’s comments on the “little horn” are outstanding.


“I believe the horn power in verse 9 and the king understanding dark sentences in verse 23 are the same – the Antichrist who appears during the appointed time of the end.” (Ibid.)




The commencement of the vision given to Daniel in Daniel 8 points to the immediate future—i.e., the dominance of the ram or the Medo-Persian empire.  From here, the vision shifts to a more distant future—i.e., the exploits of Alexander the Great who died in 323 B.C. and whose empire divided into four parts, as follows:


(1)     Ptolemy (Egypt, Cyrene, Coele-Syria, and some of the northern parts of Asia Minor.)

(2)     Cassander, of Macedon and Greece.

(3)     Lysimachus, of Thrace, Western Bithynia, Lesser Phrygia, Mysia, and Lydia, with the Meander for a boundary.

(4)     Seleucus, of the remainder of Asia Minor, and the east.


What confirms Wilson’s thesis are the repeated phrases which confirm the “time of the end” of the vision (not just these immediate implications):


1.       “The vision belongs to the time of the end” (vs. 17).

2.       “I will make thee know what shall be in the latter time of the indignation:  for

3.       “it belongs to the appointed time of the end” (vs. 19).

4.       “in the latter time of their kingdom, when

5.       “transgressors are come to the full” (vs. 23).

6.       “Shut thou up the vision, for it belongs to many days to come” (vs. 26).


The preponderance of these passages makes it abundantly clear that the dominating emphasis of the vision is centered in “the last days” and upon the Antichrist, the world-ruler or “little horn” of the “end of days.”  It is only in “his days” that the “fullness of transgression” can culminate and judgment finally fall—even so, “the iniquity of the Amorites is full” (Gen. 15:13-16) and so their judgment was meted out.


This “little horn” – because the term is repeated from Daniel 7:8 – connects itself to the “fourth beast.”  In previous commentary we have pointed out that the “little horn” in Daniel 7:8 is decisively ROMAN in nature (as was the Fourth Beast) and that the “little horn” of Daniel 8:9 is GRECO in nature  (this “younger horn” is one in the same but with two natures combined in one); hence, Antichrist will be GRECO-ROMAN or the leader of Western Civilization, the dominant civilization in the latter days.  The progression of the dominant world civilization is utterly Western in its advance according to Scripture.


G. H. Lang, and others, asserts that “Antichrist will be the king of Assyria with Babylon as his capital, which of old was in the dominion of Seleucus, who gained the eastern area of the empire of Alexander.” (G. H. Lang, The Histories and Prophecies of Daniel, p. 115).  Lang and we at the Tribnet may, however, be in accord, in that the West, currently under the leadership of the United States of America, dominates Middle Eastern politics, specifically Iraq (ancient Babylon) and does not plan to leave any time soon!


Lang takes this identification of Antichrist based on “the Assyrian” mentioned in Isaiah 10:5, 12 and 24 and other portions which logistically place, according to Lang, Antichrist as “the king of the north” (Jer. 1:14; Ezek. 26:7) in ancient Assyria.  I digress here because this persistence that Antichrist’s identity is strictly Middle Eastern is altogether erroneous based upon the identification of the “younger horn(s)” found in Daniel 7:8 and Daniel 8:9.  Lang’s proposition that “when Antichrist arises he will not come at Rome, or anywhere in the West . . . Had this been understood many vain and misleading speculations would have been avoided, such as that of the Pope, or the Papacy, or Napoleon, or others, being he (Ibid. pp. 115-6)” is flawed.  Why?  Because its basis is wholly outside the immediate environs of Daniel.  When taken, once again, in context, the “little horn” dominates the Greco-Roman world within Daniel’s prophecies.


He will have “fierce eyes” (i.e., “countenance” or “having eyes as the eyes of a man” – Dan. 7:8) and his mouth will “speak great things” (i.e., “pompous”).  Furthermore, he will “understand dark sentences.”  Here, I would quote G. H. Pember’s remarks in his text, Great Prophecies, pp. 125-27):


“Since, therefore, it is said of the Antichrist, that he will understand dark sentences, we infer that he will be inspired of Satan to attempt rivalry of the Christ in His character of sole Hierophant or Revealer of secret things.  Now we know from daily experience how great an influence knowledge exercises over the men of the present day; and especially that knowledge which seems to promise an insight into the awful problems of human life, into which so many power intellects are striving to peer, but with no more success than Charles Kingsley describes, when he speaks of such an investigation as the holding of a dim light over an unfathomable mine.  Hence, in the words ‘understanding dark sentences,’ we seem to detect one of the secrets of that fascination by which the Antichrist will bind the world.  He too will present himself as one in whom are hidden treasures of wisdom and knowledge; and drawing from the vast, though limited, stores of his god—that is, Satan—will dazzle and bewitch men by his solutions of the enigmas of life, and, possibly by his revelation of powers implanted in humanity but hitherto unsuspected, or of secrets and forces of nature as yet undiscovered.”


“His power shall be mighty” because he has at his command the very resources of the fourth beast—but overwhelmingly so!


And, as we have repeatedly said—Antichrist turns into the Beast at the Abomination of Desolation; even so:


“And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors have reached their fullness, a king shall arise, having fierce features (Lit. “countenance”), who understands sinister schemes (Lit. “dark sayings”).  His power shall be mighty, BUT NOT BY HIS OWN POWER; he shall destroy fearfully, and shall prosper and thrive; he shall destroy the mighty, and also the holy people” (Daniel 8:23-24).


Yes, his focus is upon the “holy people” – the Jews of the latter days:


“It will therefore be small marvel that this daring rebel shall also seek to crush out of existence the earthly people of God, that ‘little remnant’ of Israel, that ‘holy people’ living at that last time (Daniel 9:24).  And the line of attack, as here given, will be forcible suppression of the worship of God at Jerusalem. ‘The burnt offering will be taken away from Him, and the place of His sanctuary [ = His holy place] will be cast down.’” (G. H. Lang, The Histories and Prophecies of Daniel, pp. 109-14 on Antichrist)


Where the Tribnet departs from Wilson’s platform surrounds his departure from “the holy people” – viz. facing Antichrist are solely Christians but National Israel does NOT figure into his calculations.  Facing Antichrist will be the Two Witnesses of Revelation 11 – Israel (the Two Olive Trees) and the Church (the Two Lampstands—Revelation 11:2-12).


Again, G. H. Lang persists in the presence of the “holy people” at the “end of days” . . .


“That there will be at Jerusalem at that time a temple and sacrifices is the consentient testimony of the prophets and the New Testament.  See the following passages, all future Ps. 66:13-15; 96:6-13; Isa. 19:21; 27:13; 66:20-23; Jer. 33:14-17; Ezek. 40-48; Dan. 8:11-14; Hag. 2:6-9; Zech. 6:12, 13; 14:16-21; Mal. 3:2-4; Matt. 24:15; II Thess. 2:3-4; Rev. 11:1, 2.  Whatever explanation may be required as to the restoration of sacrifices in view of the abrogation thereof by the sacrifice of Christ at Calvary, or even if no explanation can be given by us, nothing can annul this uniform inspired testimony by prophets, by Christ, by apostles, that such restoration is to come.  The difficulty arises from our lack of comprehension:  the Scripture statements are plain.” (Ibid. p. 114)


Lang is even more focused regarding the centrality of Jerusalem in the latter days (i.e., “your holy city”):


“It was upon the desecrating and treading down of God’s chosen earth-center, the temple at Jerusalem.  God’s presence had once and again hallowed its precincts; God’s promises are indissolubly joined with its future.” (Ibid. p. 116)


In sum, Wilson’s discrediting of credible Dispensationalists on this point of the “little horn” is very accurate.  Because the starting point is obscure in Daniel 9:24 to Walvoord (i.e., “TO FINISH THE TRANSGRESSION”) and to other commentators, therefore, the interpretations meander all over the eschatological map!  However, once we connect THE TRANSGRESSION OF DESOLATION (Daniel 8:12-13) with Daniel 9:24 we are decisively at the conclusion of the 1,290th Day (Daniel 12:11) of the latter half of Daniel’s 70th Week + 30 days or the 1,290th Day:


“And from the time that the daily sacrifice is taken away, and the abomination of desolation is set up (midway through the 70th Week), there shall be one thousand two hundred and ninety days (to the end of the desolation, which presupposes the reinstitution of the sacrifices somewhere at the beginning days of the 70th Week)” (Daniel 12:11).


In essence, Daniel starts (Daniel 9:24a) “at the back of the book” to “see how it ends” (i.e., “to finish the transgression”)!  Everything else from the decree to rebuild the city of Jerusalem (Daniel 9:25b); to the triumphal entry of Jesus into Jerusalem (i.e., “until Messiah the Prince” – Daniel 9:25); to the “cutting off” or crucifixion of Messiah (“Messiah shall be cut off” – Daniel 9:26a) “after the sixty-two weeks” (4 days after the recognition of Jesus as Messiah and King and in accordance with the inspection of the spotless lamb (four days before Passover) in typology—Exodus 12:3, 5-6); and, after the destruction of the city by Antichrist (i.e., “the prince who is to come” – Daniel 9:26a); and after Antichrist confirms a covenant with Israel’s leadership for one week and breaks the same through the TRANSGRESSION OF DESOLATION in the midst of the week (Daniel 9:27a); then, “until the consummation, which is determined, is poured out on the DESOLATOR” (i.e., from Daniel 9:24a’s “are determined” to Daniel 9:27b’s “is determined”—like two bookends of his 70 Week prophecy) – then there will be this utterance:


“And from the time the daily sacrifice is taken away, and the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION is set up, there shall be one thousand two hundred and ninety days” (Daniel 12:11).


Thus, the TRANSGRESSION OF DESOLATION will be considered:  TO FINISH THE TRANSGRESSION!  Why?  Because Messiah, the Anointed One, will, as the Deliverer out of Zion, end the desolations through His Second Advent!


Daniel catapults from the commencement of the decree under the Persian king, Artaxerxes in 445 B.C., to rebuild the city of Jerusalem—in particular, “the street (i.e., the “open square”) shall be built again, and the wall (or “moat”)—to the ultimate conclusion of the “transgression of desolation” (Daniel 8:12):


“Because of transgression, an army was given over to the horn to oppose the daily sacrifices; and he cast truth down to the ground.  He did all this and prospered.  Then I heard a holy one speaking; and another holy one said to that certain one who was speaking, ‘How long will the vision be, concerning the daily sacrifices and the TRANSGRESSION OF DESOLATION (of MAKING DESOLATE), the giving of both the sanctuary and the host to be trampled underfoot?”


Daniel, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit “prophetically cuts to the chase” – his forecast is for seventy weeks – but he takes us to the conclusion of the matter—to the very end of transgressions; to the TRANSGRESSION OF DESOLATION – of the one (Antichrist-Beast) who “makes desolate, even until the consummation, which is determined, is poured out on the Desolator” (Daniel 9:27b).  Glorious is this immediate pronouncement, for “both the sanctuary and the host to be trampled underfoot” (Daniel 8:13) by the one who makes desolate, shall come to his end.  It is altogether prophetically appropriate to pronounce all the efforts of the “prince who is to come” NULL AND VOID!  All his termination of the sacrifice; all his efforts to trample underfoot the host—is immediately addressed by Daniel’s:  TO FINISH THE TRANSGRESSION.


I hasten to add that the “transgression” here (Daniel 9:24) bespeaks of that same “transgression” spoken of in Daniel 8:12-13:


“Because of TRANSGRESSION, an army was given over to the horn to oppose the daily sacrifices; and he cast truth down to the ground.  He did all this and prospered.  Then I heard a holy one speaking; and another holy one said to that certain one who was speaking, ‘How long will the vision be, concerning the daily sacrifices and the TRANSGRESSION OF DESOLATION, the giving of both the sanctuary and host to be trampled underfoot?’  And he said to me, ‘For two thousand three hundred days (Lit. “evenings and mornings”); then the sanctuary shall be cleansed.’” (Daniel 8:12-13)


These are the only Hebrew words so spoken of as TRANSGRESSION in the book of Daniel; therefore, we are obligated to accept Daniel’s phraseology in Daniel 9:24 (i.e., “to finish TRANSGRESSION”) to refer back to his previous understanding of both the word TRANSGRESSION and its immediate association with the TRANSGRESSION OF DESOLATION—i.e., the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION (Daniel 11:31):


“And forces shall be mustered by him, and they shall defile the sanctuary fortress; then they shall take away the daily sacrifices, and place there the abomination of desolation” (Daniel 11:31) (Note:  The same “TRANSGRESSION OF DESOLATION” or “ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION” spoken of by Jesus concerning Daniel found in Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14 and alluded to in Daniel 9:27; 12:11).


To assume, as some do, that the latter-day Jews by dent of their “unbelief” are directly responsible for these “transgressions” is altogether erroneous—the “transgressions” are caused by the “Prince who is to come” – i.e., the Antichrist.  All reference in Daniel to these “transgressions” or “transgression of desolation” is the sole responsibility of the Despicable One! (Ref. Daniel 11:21 NASB)






Evangelicals have been befuddled—up to this point in time—regarding the interpretation of the 2,300 days; however, much to their credit they have NOT dabbled in the theater of the absurd like the Seventh-Day Adventists (who are evangelical; although their theology and eschatology is exceedingly flawed and fragmented because of their insistence to come under elements of the Mosaic Law); along with their erstwhile progenitors, the Jehovah’s Witnesses (who “came out” of this wrong thinking of their SDA ancestors regarding the 2,300 days—but who are NOT evangelical because of their denial of the person and work of Jesus Christ).  Both groups tend toward exclusivist practices and beliefs; both groups continuously supplement their eschatology with spurious date-setting claims and exclusivity that their denomination/organization lays priority claims to chosenness among Jehovah’s faithful; and both wholly disinherit the Seed of Abraham.  A disclosure of their histories and claims (and bear with it—it’s long but very enlightening) in reference to the 2,300 days will serve us well—first the Seventh-Day Adventists and their peculiar teachings of the 2,300 days and their ultimate admission of the spurious doctrine of the INVESTIGATIVE JUDGMENT – as justification for the Second Advent of Christ not taking place in the mid-1840s.


“The origin of the Seventh-day Adventists can be traced to the Millerite Movement of the 19th Century. This movement was largely responsible for what has been called the Great second advent awakening. William Miller (1782-1849) was a farmer who settled in upstate New York after the war of 1812. He was originally a Deist (a person who believes that God created the universe but has not been actively involved since). After two years of private Bible study, Miller converted to Christianity and became a Baptist lay leader. He was convinced that the Bible contained coded information about the end of the world and the rapture (The Rapture, Hoax or Hope, Religious Tolerance, Ontario, Canada). He also realized that he had an obligation to teach his findings to others. In 1831, he started to preach; the next year, he wrote articles about his findings. In 1833, he published a pamphlet on end-time prophecy. In 1836, his book Evidences from Scripture and History of the Second Coming of Christ about the Year 1843 was published.


“One of the key texts that he interpreted was in the Book of Daniel: Daniel heard two angels talking; one asked how long it will take until the destruction of the Temple is avenged and it is restored to its rightful state. The other replied in Daniel 8:14 . . .


‘And he said unto me, unto 2,300 days, then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.’


Miller believed that the 2,300 days were each of one year duration and that the interval started in 457 BCE.  He concluded that the cleansing of the temple (i.e. the Second Coming) would occur sometime between two spring equinoxes: 1843-MAR-21 to 1844-MAR-21.  He found other methods of calculating the end time which also seemed to point to the year 1843 CE.  In common with all other predictions of the Second Coming, the end didn't happen on cue.  Samuel Snow, a follower of Miller, then interpreted the ‘tarrying time’ referred to in Habakkuk 2:3 as equal to 7 months and 10 days, delaying the end time to 1844-OCT-22. That prophecy also did not come to pass. Many believers left the movement in what has become known as The Great Disappointment. Miller himself gradually withdrew from the leadership of the group and died in 1849. His followers called themselves Adventists; the group was often referred to as Millerites by others.  (Seventh-Day Adventist Church – Its Origins, Beliefs and Practices, etc. – Religious


“Historians claim that less than 500 ‘Millerites’ clung to Miller’s prophetic views within a year of the great 1843/44 disappointment. Truthfully, the Millerite debacle should be considered an important, defining moment for Daniel 8. That Miller was able to bring so much attention to Daniel 8 is a point that is often overlooked in the larger story of prophetic exposition. Yes, the fulfillment of Daniel 8 did not occur as Miller expected, and I am sure he died pondering the very question this study focuses on: ‘What does Daniel 8 actually mean?’”  (Larry Wilson, The 2,300 Days of Daniel 8:14, Day Star, July-August, 1998)


“Ellen Harmon (later known by her married name Ellen White) joined with other Adventists, including Joseph Bates, and her husband James White to form a small group of Baptist, Methodist, Congregational and Presbyterian believers in Washington NH. The church was formally organized as the Seventh-day Adventist Church (1863-MAY-21). She believed that the 1844 prediction was correct, but that it referred to the start of an Investigative Judgment. This is a time when Christ will judge the dead and the living on earth for righteousness. She predicted that this would soon be followed by the second coming of Jesus. Late in her career, the church voted her the credentials of an ordained minister. However, she was never actually ordained.  (Seventh-Day Adventist Church – Its Origins, Beliefs and Practices, etc. – Religious ).


Please take careful note that the confusion wrought by Adventists’ recognition that the “cleansing of the temple” (to SDAs) is obviously the purview of the Church, not National Israel (Daniel 8:14—“then the sanctuary shall be cleansed”); likewise is their understanding of this “cleansing” directly associated with the second advent of Christ, which indeed is the case (but His cleansing of the temple is directly connected with Daniel 12:12 and the 1,335th Day); however, its implications concerning Israel’s ramifications are wholly disregarded—for in their eyes, the book of Daniel, in the main, excludes the “previous” “your people and for your holy city” (Daniel 9:24—i.e., the Jews) and, based upon the Amillenarian backgrounds of these original proponents of Adventism and ultimately Jehovah’s Witnesses, they wholly appropriated all the promises made to National Israel, and, like St. Augustine, Origen, and the lot of their spin-offs (i.e., the Postmillennialism, Preterists, etc.) simply contrived a deviant form of Premillenarianism (the SDA’s) or a contorted form of Amillenarian belief system (i.e., the Jehovah’s Witnesses).


Seventh-day Adventists, because National Israel is NOT in their eschatology, teach a peculiar form of Premillenarianism:


“Finally, with respect to the end-times, Adventism teaches a second advent of Jesus following a 1000-year reign of Christ in heaven with His saints. An Adventist explains: ‘Adventists teach and believe that the earth will be in desolation for the millennium, with only Satan and his angels left alive there, the wicked having all been slain at the second coming by the brightness of His coming. Adventists teach that Jesus will reign in heaven with His saints during the millennium, and then return for the resurrection and great white throne judgment of all the wicked at the end of the millennium.’” (Seventh Day Adventists, The Lutheran Church Missouri Synod)


Whereas Jehovah’s Witnesses teach an even more bizarre Millenarian bliss whereby the “ORGANIZATION” carries the day:


“Only the elite ruling class, the 144,000, are allowed to go to heaven. The faithful Jehovah’s Witnesses remain unconscious after death till they are resurrected in the Millennium. Those who are not in the organization are annihilated after death.


“Fourth, Witnesses have a works-oriented salvation. Salvation is not based upon a relationship with Christ, but found in the organization. One must serve the society, and depending on one’s faithfulness and absolute obedience, one may be saved.


Fifth, they believe that Jesus returned invisibly in 1914 (Editor’s Note:  70 years or a lengthy “generation” which “saw the commencement of the INVESTIGATIVE JUDGMENT” wrought in 1844—hence, the peculiar attachment of Jehovah’s Witnesses with Seventh-day Adventism) and established His throne in heaven. At Armageddon, God will destroy all evil, and abolish all the world’s governments, and establish a new Paradise on earth. Then the living and resurrected Jehovah’s Witnesses will inherit Paradise earth. The 144,000 mentioned earlier will rule with Jesus. At this time all unbelievers who have died will be raised (with some exceptions) and will study under the Witnesses during the Millennium, a period of a thousand years. Studying with them will be the unbelievers who have survived Armageddon.” (Patrick Zukeran, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Witnessing to the Witnesses, Probe Ministries, Richardson, TX)


Confusion surrounding these Millenarian matters always goes back to the misinterpretation of the 2,300 days . . . along with spurious teachings derived from this fundamental of faulty hermeneutics . . .


“After the disappointment and in spite of the ‘great disappointment,’ as it came to be called, some Adventists remained steadfast. One small group in New England was persuaded that Miller was right on the time of the ‘purging’ but wrong on the place.


“On October 22, 1844, Christ did purge the sanctuary according to Daniel’s prophecy-but the sanctuary was in heaven, not on earth. Christ’s failure to appear on earth was due to the church’s failure to observe the Sabbath. This tiny group led by James White and his wife, Ellen Gould White, became the Seventh-Day Adventist Church we know today.” (Has the Time Arrived?, Sept, 2001)


Confusion and deception abounds to this day because evangelicals simply have not come to terms with the meaning of the 2,300 days; and furthermore, the placement of these 2,300 days within the Maccabean Era is simply in total contrast to these same evangelicals who affirm that the “little horn” of Daniel 7-8 has “something to do with the future Antichrist.”  In other words, C. I. Scofield and John Walvoord, and many other Dispensationalist, will admit that the “little horn” is undoubtedly related to the Beast in Revelation 17:11-13; however, only as a powerful “type” is Antiochus IV Epiphanes so connected – but in so admitting to this possibility, they automatically must contend with the 2,300 days as “prophetic in nature” – this they refuse to do.  Again, I conjecture it has more to do with the spurious forecasts wrought by these groups we now study and the fact they simply could not figure it out in so far as its prophetic context demands.


“The Millerite experience should not be overlooked because out of the debacle of 1844 came a brand new doctrine – the ministry of Christ as man’s High Priest in Heaven’s sanctuary. This new insight was discovered by disappointed Millerites who were forced back into their Bibles for a clearer understanding of truth. Currently, I believe that the Seventh-day Adventist church is the only denomination that addresses this profound subject. (Editor’s Note:  True up to when Wilson wrote this statement; however, not true as of at least NOW—but these 2,300 days have absolutely nothing to do with the Church nor with the INVESTIGATE JUDGMENT of Ellen G. White.)  Although I am not a member of this church, I am convinced that the ministry of Christ as our High Priest is crucial to understanding the purpose of the 2,300 days of Daniel 8:14. Unfortunately, this Christ-centered doctrine established from the book of Hebrews has not been widely accepted by other Christian denominations. This is very unfortunate because the ministry of Christ in Heaven’s temple is intricately woven throughout apocalyptic prophecy – especially Revelation.” (Larry Wilson, The 2,300 Days of Daniel 8:14, Day Star, July-August, 1998)




A number of expositors applaud Miller’s “rules of prophetic engagement” – but surmise his application and/or conclusions are erroneous.  One such admirer is Larry Wilson of DAY STAR.  We have previously quoted Wilson who is himself a self-confessed admirer of Seventh-day Adventist eschatology.


Where Wilson becomes just as obscure is when he, though not a Seventh-day Adventist, assumes their doctrine of the INVESTIGATIVE JUDGMENT is confirmed in Daniel 7:9-10 and validated in Hebrews 8-10:


“Early Seventh-day Adventists correctly concluded that the temple ‘to be cleansed’ in Daniel 8:14 is the Heavenly Temple and not the Earthly one (Hebrews 8-10).  Using Old Testament sanctuary symbology, they learned that Christ began a new phase of work in Heaven’s temple in 1844 as man’s Judge. As such, Jesus began a pre-Advent judgment in 1844 by opening and investigating each life in the record books of Heaven. (Daniel 7:9-10) The purpose of this investigation is to determine who, among the dead since Adam and Eve, should be saved or destroyed. (The living will be judged by the mark of the beast test that occurs just prior to the Second Coming.)  However, Adventists incorrectly concluded that the judgment that began in 1844 concerns only those who have received Jesus as their Savior at some point in their life. I understand that every life is examined in the books of record – not just those who have received Christ.” (Ibid.)


Miller’s “prophetic rules of order” were based on three suppositions:


(1)      Bible Prophecy is Historically Progressive - This is a logical rule and means that Bible prophecy moves forward through time from fulfillment to fulfillment. This rule mandates that Bible prophecy must be validated by the forward, unbroken march of time and historical events.

(Editors Note:  This “means” that Historicists have been attempting to “fit Bible prophecies” into historical events throughout most of history with some of the most amazing “fulfillments” known to man . . . witness Sir Isaac Newton’s masterpieces:  Statement on the date 2060, Stephen D. Snobelen - March 2003; updated May 2003 and June 2003) – As a sidebar demonstrating the absurdities associated with “date setting” – Sir Isaac Newton’s 2060 AD date is derived from the following:


“The year 800 is a significant one in history, as it is the year Charlemagne was crowned emperor of Rome in the west by Pope Leo III at St. Peter's in Rome. Since Newton believed that the 1260 years corresponded to the duration of the corruption of the Church, he added 1260 to 800 A.D. and arrived at the date 2060 for the ‘fall of Babylon’ or cessation of the apostate Church.”) (Ibid.)


(2)     Bible Prophecy Depends Upon Repetition and Enlargement - This concept assumes that the prophecies of Daniel and Revelation repetitiously cover the same time periods.


(3)     A Prophetic Day Always Equals a Year - Miller concluded that all prophetic time-periods in the Bible must be reckoned as ‘a day for a year’ since this concept had been proven true in his own lifetime. In the 1840’s, most American Protestants believed the 1,260 years of the little horn power (Daniel 7:25) terminated in 1798 (Editor’s Note:  1,260 years commenced in 538 A.D. at the “Decree of Emperor Justinian” establishing “Papal Supremacy” and lasted until 1798 A.D. when Pope Pius VI received his “head wound” (Revelation 13:3, 12, 14) from Napoleon and was placed under house arrest; having died in Valence, France six weeks after his disposition there.). Therefore, they concluded that the 2,300 days (Daniel 8) and the 490 days (70 weeks in Daniel 9) must follow the day/year rule, too. (Ibid.)


Wilson argues that Miller was correct on these suppositions or “prophetic rules of interpretation” – however, Miller was inaccurate in their application (e.g., 1844 was not the Second Advent; but the commencement of the Heavenly Investigative Judgment); also the “little horn” is “yet future” and, apparently, doesn’t have much to do with the Papacy in Wilson’s thinking (my conjecture only here).


Wilson, like Harold Camping, which we shall see later, concludes the following:


“The keys to understanding Revelation are found in Daniel, and Daniel was sealed up until the time of the end. Why? The reason is simple – the only generation that needs to understand the details of Revelation accurately is the generation that must face these matters (such as the mark of the beast). Has that generation arrived? Yes, I believe it has and I believe the unsealing occurred perhaps as early as the Spring Equinox in 1994 – at the end of 70 Jubilee cycles.” (Ibid.)



Wilson, like the Millerites/SDAs with whom he is enamored, appropriates all prophecy unto himself/themselves (today’s Israel is the Church in toto); therefore, “your people and your holy city” refer to today’s Church, not National Israel—much akin to Harold Camping’s Amillenarian worldview, or for that matter, the views held by Alan Morrison (whom we shall later discuss).


Wilson’s “prophetic rules of engagement” are cleverly designed to omit the phrase “to finish the transgression.”  I do not think this is an oversight on his part—for with that disclosure alone, Wilson is trapped into affirming National Israel’s involvement with the Seventy Weeks; especially, the 70th Week.


Then, the angel outlined six major points concerning the future of Israel (Daniel 9:24-27):


1.       Seventy ‘sevens’ (or 70 weeks) are cut off from the 2,300 evenings and mornings. This period of mercy has been granted to your people to accomplish the following purposes:


a.       pay the penalty for their wicked deeds as a nation,
b.       put an end to national apostasy,
c.       usher in everlasting righteousness,
d.       seal up the vision and prophecy,
e.       anoint the Most Holy.



All of Wilson’s disclaimers to the contrary—he is decidedly Amillenarian in his presuppositions with the “anointing of the Most Holy” being the Lord Jesus Christ in the midst of Daniel’s 70th Week.


“In the middle of the 70th week, the Anointed One (Messiah) would be cut off from His people. He would also confirm His covenant with His own blood and He would put an end to sacrifices and offerings.” (Ibid.)


Somehow, someway, the “transgressions of desolation” – the “abomination of desolation” in the midst of the Week evades him (Daniel 9:27).  Wilson’s fatal error is miscalculating the commencement of the 2,300 days and the extremity of their extension—i.e., it does NOT register to him that Daniel 8:13 provides the fundamental commencement of the 2,300 days and their conclusion; to wit:


(1)     How long will the vision be concerning the daily sacrifices (which presupposes the commencement of the “daily sacrifices”) . . . the giving of both the sanctuary (i.e., the beginning of the sacrifices);

(2)     AND the “transgression of desolation . . . and the host to be trampled underfoot?” (i.e., the duration of the desolation(s) (see Daniel 12:11) or 1,290 days of desolations)


Wilson, however, abides adamant: 


“If a Bible student can accept the fact that Gabriel and Daniel are mindful of the previous vision recorded in Daniel 8 as they talk, a big problem is easily solved. In the earlier vision, Daniel heard that the sanctuary (in Heaven) would be cleansed after the 2,300 days expired. He was not told, however, when the 2,300 evenings and mornings would begin. Now that we know that the 70 weeks are cut off from a specific time-period, then we can assume that this is the 2,300 day period, since there is only one time-period in Daniel 8. If we know that the 70 weeks are cut off from the 2,300 evenings and mornings, then both prophecies share the same beginning point.


Herein is Wilson’s fatal flaw.   First, he places this “sanctuary” in the heavens—no, it is decidedly on the earth!  He places it in the heavens because the Church replaces National Israel and “your people and your holy city” (in Wilson’s Amillenarian mind) refers to the Church, not to National Israel.  He realizes that the 2,300 days in Daniel 8 is related to the 70 weeks in Daniel 9 (Note:  He is correct here, but, again, for the wrong reasons.).  Also, he blithely assumes that we are not told when the 2,300 “evenings and mornings” would begin.  Aha!  Now we know—precisely 250 days into the 70th Week of Daniel, yet future!  Listen, Daniel overheard a conversation between two angelic beings wherein “I heard a holy one speaking; and another holy one said to that certain one who was speaking.”  Understanding the WORD PROBLEM has befuddled even the great Sir Isaac Newton!  The prescient question got an exceedingly specific answer.


First the question:  “How long will the vision be, concerning:  (1) the daily sacrifices and (2) the transgression of desolation (or “making desolate”)?  To clarify the word problem, the questionnaire continues with “another way of framing the word problem” – presupposing the original line of questioning . . . “How long will the vision be, concerning: (1) the giving of both (here he combines both topics which gives us a dynamic clue that there are TWO ISSUES involved in the word problem) the sanctuary (here, “the sanctuary” and its renewed sacrifices are definitely in view, given the fact of the previous statement:  “the daily sacrifices” and, furthermore, the repeated statements in other texts in Daniel wherein from the time that the sanctuary is desecrated and/or the sacrifices cease and the “persecution” or war against the saints commences (Daniel 7:21, 25; 8:23-24; 9:24, 27; 11:16, 21-24, 28, 31-36; 12:1, 5-12) – bringing us to the second ISSUE . . . (2) “and the host to be trampled underfoot?” (i.e., the period of desolations).


There you have it – the two-fold angelic word problem – now let’s simplify it for those of us, like Sir Isaac Newton (without using calculus, of course, that wouldn’t be fair), who simply can’t understand the word problem:  How many days are there between the commencement of the sacrifices and the final date of desolations?  Yes, somewhere “in those calculations” these “daily sacrifices” will terminate; and, as we learn later on in Daniel’s text, that termination is seen in its fullness and is connected to its terminus.  But first we must realize that just as the “transgression of desolation” as found in Daniel 8:13 terminates the sacrifices—its repetition is now enclosed in Daniel’s 70th Week itself.  For on “the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate” as he (Antichrist) in the middle of Daniel’s 70th Week “bring(s) an end to sacrifice and offering” (Daniel 9:27) (Note:  The persistent figure here is Antichrist, not Jesus Christ.).  Then, in order for us to grasp the gravity of the termination of these sacrifices, Daniel 11:21-23, 28 takes on a whole new meaning:


“And in his place shall arise a VILE (i.e., “DESPICABLE”) person, to whom they will not give the honor of royalty; but he shall come in peaceably and seize the kingdom by intrigue.  With the force of a flood they shall be swept away from before him and be broken, and ALSO THE PRINCE OF THE COVENANT.  And after the league is made with him he shall act deceitfully, for he shall come up and become strong with a small number of people . . . while returning in his land with great riches his heart shall be moved against the holy covenant; so he shall do damage and return to his own land.”


The word problem becomes altogether clear as we see in Daniel 11:30-39 the termination of the sacrifices reach their horrid expression when the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION and the persecution of “those of understanding” who “shall fall, to refine them, purify them, and make them white, until the time of the end” (Daniel 11:35) takes place.  Again, ALL THESE PASSAGES ARE INTERCONNECTED.  Finally, Daniel 12:1, along with Daniel 12:5-12 wholly engages the topic anew but this time gives the final clue:  “And from the time that the daily sacrifice is taken away, and the abomination of desolation is set up, there shall be one thousand two hundred and ninety days” (Daniel 12:11).  Once we determine that these desolations continue for 1,290 days and wholly realize that the entire sequence of events is connected to the initial word problem of the two angelic beings (perhaps these are the same two we find in Daniel 8:13-14 who show up again in Daniel 12:5; but in turn may be representative of those intrigued with the persecution of the saints—i.e., they could readily represent/identify with those being persecuted for “time, times, and half a time” – Israel and the Church during the final 3.5 days/3.5 years of the 70th Week of Daniel, yet future); therefore, from the time the sacrifices commence until the end of the transgressions, there will be 2,300 days or: 


1,290 Days or “evenings and mornings”

Period of desolations which commence at the “Abomination of Desolation” half-way through the 70th Week


1,010 Days or “evenings and mornings”

Difference between 2,300 less 1,290 = 1,010 Days or “evenings and mornings” of actual sacrifices taking place.


   250 Days or “evenings and mornings”

Number of days left between the commencement of the first half of Daniel’s 70th Week and the 1,010 days of the actual sacrifices taking place prior to their termination in the midst of Daniel’s 70th Week


2,550 Days or “evenings and mornings”

2,300 “evenings and mornings” + 250 “evenings and mornings” = 2,550 Days or “evenings and mornings”


But, let us persist in Wilson’s calculations to see how the nuances surrounding the 2,300 days juxtaposed to the ambiguities of C. I. Scofield’s 2,300 days interact . . .


“The following sections give five reasons why I believe the 70 weeks in Daniel 9 are directly related to the 2,300 days in Daniel 8” (Ibid.). (Editor’s Note:  Related, yes, but HOW they are related beclouds him.)


Not only is his “starting date of the 2,300 days” blurred, the terminus ad quem is as well:


“The only thing written about the terminus of the 2,300 days is the cleansing of the sanctuary (in Heaven).” (Ibid.) (Editor’s Note:  But that “cleansing” has to do with Israel, yet future – and it has to do with the yet future 70th Week of Daniel . . . but in Wilson’s eyes that 70th Week had to do with the “New Israel of God” – the Church – and, therefore, it was all fulfilled from the baptism of Jesus at the commencement of His ministry until the initial preaching of the gospel to Cornelius—there is no need for any further fulfillment, for there is no need for a National Israel!)


Wilson fails to discern that the terminus ad quem is clearly delineated by connecting Daniel 8:12-14 to Daniel 12:11-12—i.e., at the close of the 1,290th Day.


Once again, as an Historicist, he is obligated to ascribe the cleansing of the sanctuary as heavenly—not to an earthly National Israel—but to the Church and, by mixing in Miller’s calculations, to substantiate what has become classic Adventist eschatology (i.e., the 1844 Investigative Judgment commenced), he becomes entrapped in arbitrary, contemporary date setting that has no biblical basis in fact or even allegory, but continues into the 20th and 21st Century.



Wilson then sets about to prove that the 70th Week and the 2,300 days coincides in a year-day basis in order to force his conclusions:


“We know the 70th week began in A.D. 27 and ended with A.D. 33. Christ died in the middle of the 70th week (a Wednesday year) in A.D. 30.  (Editor’s Note:  From the anointing of the “Most Holy”—Jesus Christ—at His baptism by John the Baptist; to the “midst of the week” wherein He allegedly “broke the covenant”; and ending of the 70th Week at the time that the gospel was preached to the Gentiles by Peter with Cornelius and other Gentiles present—roughly 7 years.)  So, we have complete harmony from the sum of several parts: First, from historical records, the decree of Ezra 7 was issued in 457 B.C.  Second, from historical records, Jesus died in A.D. 30 – midway through the 70th week (Editor’s Note:  Once again, Jesus Christ does the Work of Antichrist.).  Third, the starting point for the 2,300 days is also 457 B.C. because the 70 weeks are ‘cut off’ from the beginning of this time-period.  Since the 70 weeks require the day/year principle, which comes from the Jubilee calendar, this means the 2,300 days must be reckoned on a day/year basis as well (Editor’s Note:  This is a grandiose presupposition on the part of virtually all Historicists and especially, those enamored with Miller’s system of calculations.)  Last, we know the Old Testament sanctuary was cleansed only on the Day of Atonement. So, if we trace 2,300 years forward from 457 B.C., we reach 1844.  Miller’s computation of the terminus of the 2,300 days was correct!  However, what Miller failed to understand was that 2,300 years must expire before the horn power can appear.  This is the same conclusion Scofield reached, but he misplaced the 2,300 days segment of time and missed the connection of the 2,300 days with the necessity of cleansing the temple in Heaven. (Ibid.)

The “overlapping” of the 2,300 days with the start of the 70 Weeks of Daniel’s prophecy using the “year-day” methodology of interpretation wherein 457 B.C. commences BOTH time frames with the 70 Weeks being continuous/contiguous (i.e., no “gap” between the 69th and 70th Week); and, consequently, the full 70 Weeks are fulfilled at the preaching of the gospel to Cornelius, with the 2,300 days continuing unbroken from the “cut off” of the 70th Week and persisting until 1844 at which time the “cleansing of the temple” occurred and the ongoing high priestly ministry of Jesus continues (known as the INVESTIGATIVE JUDGMENT)). 


Dr. Gavin Finley, MD, has done an outstanding graphic on Sir. Robert Anderson’s calculations—calculations which have since been improved upon by Drs. Tom Ice and Dr. Harold Hoehner (The Seventy Weeks of Daniel, The Ice Collection).  First, please examine Drs. Ice and Hoehner’s work and then Dr. Finley’s excellent chart.  (Note:  We at the Tribnet concur more with the improved upon work of Sir Robert Anderson by Ice-Hoehner—i.e., March 5, 444 B.C. commences the decree to rebuild Jerusalem by Artaxerxes (Neh. 2:5-8, 17, 18); however, as seen in the charts below, there is no mentioning of the 2,300 days which we affirm are embedded in the 70th Week and its 30-day extension unto the 1,290th Day of the latter half of Daniel’s 70th Week – likewise, we affirm Dr. Finley’s Post-Tribulational position for both Israel and the Church; not the pre-tribulational position of Ice-Hoehner):



Now Dr. Finley’s excellent graphic of Sir Robert Anderson’s calculations:


Now, what makes Wilson’s eschatological schematic different from the Seventh-Day Adventists is his placement of the “little horn” (Antichrist)—Miller had the “little horn” appearing from 538 A.D. until the time of the “wounded head” of the Papacy in 1798; whereas Wilson has the “little horn” (i.e., Antichrist) appearing some time after 1844 or after the close of the 2,300 days.  If this is the case, which it appears it is, then Wilson may reject the Papacy (unlike Reformational eschatology) as the “seat of Antichrist” or “system of antichrist” and opt for a “personalized” Antichrist at the end of days (if so, bravo, he is correct again).


The “year-date” insistence on the part of these Amillenarians (even suggesting as some of them have that the Millennium in Revelation 20 is symbolic of a day—i.e., one day=1,000 years) like Wilson, summarizes classical Historicist/Adventist/Camping calculations as follows (with my commentary interspersed in BOLD):


“Notice how the elements come together. The 70 weeks began in 457 B.C. (Daniel 9) and Jesus personally confirmed this date when he began His ministry in A.D. 27 (The commencement of Jesus’ ministry does NOT start at the beginning of the Seventieth Week—the Seventieth Week begins with Antichrist’s Treaty with National Israel—Daniel 9:27—once again—all of these so-called disciplined and highly prized “expository rules-driven commentators” either isolate Daniel 9:24-27 from other passages in Daniel or try to exclusively elaborate on Daniel 8:12-14; likewise on a partially-isolated basis, like Wilson, in trying to mesh it with the full 69 or the full 70 Weeks.) and then died right on time in the middle of the 70th week – A.D. 30. The judgment scene in Daniel 7:9 began in 1798 (which is the date of Napoleon’s internment of the Papacy in France—a rather “traditional historicist” subterfuge for the 1,260 days wherein the Papacy commences in Rome proper (cir. 538 A.D. and concludes its reign in 1798 A.D. where upon the “little horn” whose head was “wounded”—i.e., the Pope was placed under house arrest by Napoleon)) because we find the power of the little horn (which in Reformational Eschatology is the Papacy) is brought down by Napoleon in that year – this coincides with a restraining order by the Most High in favor of the saints.  Jesus was found worthy then (allegedly in 1798 A.D.) to receive His kingdom (Daniel 7:13-14) and receive the book sealed with seven seals. (Revelation 5:7)  If you will consider the idea that Jesus began opening the seals in 1798, the timing of the third seal complements 1844 because it represents the enlightenment that a pre-Advent judgment (i.e., the so-called INVESTIGATIVE JUDGMENT) has begun. This new insight gives new understanding regarding the process going on in Heaven’s temple!  Hebrews exposes the true temple that God erected, not man. The opening of the third seal reveals God’s disclosure to man that Jesus was found worthy to serve in Heaven’s court as man’s High Priest. According to Daniel 7:13 Jesus was granted sovereign power in 1798 to conclude the Plan of Salvation. According to Leviticus 16, the High Priest was only found worthy to serve in the temple once a year, on the Day of Atonement. In 1844, His Royal Sovereignty (Jesus) began to review the books and determine the rewards of the dead. The harmony of all these points demonstrates that the only logical time that the 2,300 days/years could begin is with the decree that starts the 70 weeks. Thus, the 70 weeks are ‘cut off’ from the 2,300 years and three separate prophecies link together to confirm the timely operations within each other!” (Ibid.)


Now, dear friend, all that to say that Historicists have never ceased in their efforts to appropriate the promises made to Jacob—never!  Furthermore, they are utterly determined to commit the work of Antichrist to Jesus Christ in Daniel 9:27 as we have previously discussed on numerous occasions (Please see JESUS CHRIST DOES THE WORK OF ANTICHRIST?).  Their convoluted use of 2,300 days and demanding that it conform to their “year-day” imperative makes the evangelical and the cultic world of the Jehovah’s Witnesses look foolhardy to the world—not only is there among us Premillenarians the bogus promise of a secret pre-tribulational rapture, as well as the ambiguity of these 2,300 days separated from the 70th Week of Daniel, but among our Historicist brethren there is (among some) this clandestine INVESTIGATIVE JUDGMENT going on by the Ancient of Days (Jesus) allegedly commencing somewhere in 1844 (to mesh with the 2,300 day theory) in Daniel 7:9-10).


G. H. Lang presents a complete resolution to the “year-day” problem (by quoting G. H. Pember) of the so-called mandatory “year-day” thesis of the Historicists and their subsequent complications and embarrassments:


“The words of the angel in regard to the two thousand, three hundred days during which the Sanctuary and the Host are to be trodden underfoot, are, perhaps, not so mysterious as they seem.  The literal Hebrew expression is not ‘day,’ but ‘evening-mornings; that is to say, two thousand, three hundred repetitions of the evening and morning sacrifices—which PROVES THAT ACTUAL DAYS OF TWENTY-FOUR HOURS ARE INTENDED.  (My emphasis.)  And we should note, that seven full prophetic years would contain two thousand five hundred and twenty days (Editor’s Note:  Why don’t the Historicists figure out the coming of Christ by making these days as years—i.e., 2,520 years giving us from 457 B.C. until approximately 2063 A.D. or an additional 30 days/years until 2093 A.D.?  Of course, this would destroy their 490-year/70 Weeks thesis, but it is an interesting thought and one, I am sure, that Sir Isaac Newton may have contemplated!); that is, that the time mentioned by the angel is two hundred and twenty days short of the seven years (Editor’s Note:  We have calculated this to be 250 days in that the “extension” of the “desolations” persists unto the 1,290th day—Daniel 12:11—or 2,520 + 30 = 2,550 days (i.e., 7 years/2520 days + 30 days = 2,550 days) or 2,550 – 2,300 days = 250 days into the 70th Week when the sacerdotal rites actually commence and continue up through the midst of the Week for 1,010 days—i.e., the Abomination of Desolation occurs on the 1,260th Day of the 70th Week and the “trampling asunder of the host” (the sacrifices cease) persists for an additional 1,290 days or 1,010 + 1,290 = 2,300 days).” (G. H. Lang, The Histories and Prophecies of Daniel, p. 117—taken from Pember’s Great Prophecies, p. 127-8)


Before we go any further here, let me disabuse you of the notion that all these prophetic nuances don’t pay the bills nor keep marriages together—right and wrong.  Remember, as you shall read later on in this tome, what we believe concerning our “world view” (Weltanschauung) has much in every way to how we live our lives—that Weltanschauung is based upon one’s eschatology more than any other element in God’s Word because it entails not only the immediate future but past prophetic fulfillment whereby our faith is substantially impacted.  One’s priorities are substantially affected by one’s view of the world.


Lang further elaborates from Pember wherein Pember confirms our recent discoveries of the actual commencement of the sacerdotal rites being on the 250th Day into the first half of the 70th Week (not the 220th Day but the 250th Day because of the additional 30 days of desolations which connotes, as well, the time of the Wrath of God and the Lamb):


“Now, as we shall see when we consider the revelation of the Seventy Sevens, the antichrist is to make a covenant with the majority of the Jewish nation for Seven Years, at the close of which period he will be destroyed by the appearing of the Lord (Editor’s Note:  Actually on the 1,290th Day of the latter half of the 70th Week of Daniel—for “the appearing of the Lord” takes place AFTER His wrath is poured out on the Desolator, whose desolations continue until the 1,290th Day.), and the Sanctuary will be cleansed (Editor’s Note:  During the succeeding 45 days beyond the 1,290 Days—Daniel 12:12.).  It would seem, then, that he will not tamper with the Sanctuary, until the two hundred and twenty-first day from the date of the commencement of the covenant (Editor’s Note:  Actually not the 221st Day but the 250/1st Day.); indeed, it is possible that the building of the Temple may not be completed until that time (Brilliant!).  Perhaps, the two thousand three hundred days may represent the whole time of his personal connection with the City and Sanctuary.  The actual suppression of the daily sacrifices will not take place, as we shall presently see, until three years and a half of the covenant-period have passed by.” (G. H. Pember, Great Prophecies, pp. 127-8, from G. H. Lang’s The Histories and Prophecies of Daniel, p. 117)


Alas!  The thought has never crossed the Historicist’s mind that Daniel 7:9-10 is naught but an interjection wherein the Ancient of Days is seen PRIOR TO HIS ACTUAL ADVENT coming in judgment at the close of the 1,290th day after the Wrath of God and the Lamb is poured out upon the DESOLATOR at the close of the 70th Week yet future!  Instead, we have this secretive “rapture interruptus” going on which has absolutely nothing to do with the Church!  Sequentially and syntactically, Daniel 7:9-10 occurs prior to or simultaneously with Daniel 7:11:


“I watched then because of the sound of the pompous words which the horn was speaking; I watched till the beast was slain, and its body destroyed and given to the burning flame.”


All judgment has been committed to the Son (i.e., “the Ancient of Days”) – that “judgment” is in direct reference to the slaying of the beast and the destruction of his body—not some supercilious and secretive INVESTIGATIVE JUDGMENT going on in heaven by the Ancient of Days.


It also is in context that Daniel 7:13-14 clearly follows the above record and delineates the judgment wrought by the Son of Man at His Second Advent.  This judgment (not investigation) is directly connected to the overthrow of not only the Beast but the “kingdoms of this world” – for at His Second Advent “the kingdoms of this world have now become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ” (Revelation 11:15).


“I was watching in the night visions, and behold, One like the Son of Man, coming with the clouds of heaven!  He came to the Ancient of Days, and they brought Him near before Him.  Then to Him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom (and not just a heavenly one as some conjecture), that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve Him.  His dominion is an everlasting dominion (“and he shall reign forever and ever!” – Revelation 11:15b), which shall not pass away, and His kingdom the one which shall not be destroyed” (Daniel 7:13-14). 


It is outrageous to conjecture, once again, that Daniel 7:21-22 is in reference to someone like Napoleon wrecking havoc on the Papacy in 1798 A.D.  These passages directly assail the Antichrist at the close of the age and give the final verdict on behalf of the saints of the Most High:


“I was watching; and the same horn was making war against the saints, and prevailing against them (see Revelation 11:7; 12:17; 13:7), UNTIL the Ancient of Days came, and a judgment was made in favor of the saints of the Most High, and the time came for the saints to possess the kingdom” (Daniel 7:21-22).


This is the Second Coming of Christ, the Ancient of Days, the verdict has been given on behalf of the saints of the Most High who have suffered the wrath of the Beast but who have “overcome by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, and they loved not their lives unto the death!” (Revelation 12:10-11)  This is not some bogus investigation going on in 1844 (2,300 days); nor is it connected to some spurious destruction of a “little horn” known as the Papacy under Napoleon in 1798 AD (1,260 days).  This is the outpouring of the Wrath of the Lamb from the 1,260th Day of the latter half of the 70th Week of Daniel unto the 1,290th Day at which time the Second Advent takes place (immediately after the Battle of Armageddon and the 30-day pouring out of Revelation’s “bowls”) (Revelation 15-16; 19:11-21; 20:1-3).


In so far as the “opening of the books” – one simply cannot disconnect the “books” of Daniel 7:10 with the “books were opened” in Revelation 20:11-12:


“Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away.  And there was found no place for them.  And I saw the dead, small and great standing before God, and books were opened.  And another book was opened, which is the Book of Life.  And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things which were written in the books.”


This all takes place AFTER the Resurrection of the Just (Revelation 11:11-12; Daniel 12:2a; Revelation 19:6-9; I Thess. 4:16-17; I Cor. 15:51-57).  One is either found in the “books” or in “the Book of Life.”  These “books” are reserved until the Great White Throne Judgment at the close of the 1,000-year literal Millennial Reign of the Messiah and prior to the final eternal state (the Eschaton) (Revelation 20:11-15).


It is altogether a fabrication on the part of Amillenarians associated with the SDA’s who assert that in 1844 such an investigation occurred/occurs or was even necessary—in point of prophetic fact these “books” are associated with both the destruction of the Antichrist-Beast-Little Horn and ultimately these “books” appear at the Great White Throne Judgment at the conclusion of the 1,000-year literal Millennial Reign of the Son of Man, the Messiah, the Son of David, Who even into the Eschaton proclaims:  “I am the Root and Offspring of David” (Revelation 22:16) (which confirms His eternal quest for the earth, the material and its total redemption), the Bright and Morning Star (which confirms His heavenly quest of redemption of the heavens and the destruction of all that bespeaks of the “Morning Star” as His antithesis (i.e., Satan (the “day star, son of the morning”) and his fallen angels – Isaiah 14:12).


Returning to Wilson’s assumptions:


“Without doubt, the vision of Daniel 8 points to the appointed time of the end (Yes, here we concur.). The appearing of Antichrist during the appointed time of the end is presented in this prophecy for the benefit of those who will live during that time (Yes, we concur.). There is no question about it, the world will face a very solemn contest in days to come. As a matter of human interest, I have often wondered if Miller and Scofield had been our contemporaries and had as much information available to them as we do today, would they have reached the same conclusions on the 2,300 days that I have? (Editor’s Note:  No, they would not have reached such a conclusion—perhaps Miller, but certainly not Scofield.) (Larry Wilson, The 2,300 Days of Daniel 8:14, Day Star, July-August, 1998)


I’ve not made Alex Heard and Peter Klebnikov Apocalypse Now list but Wilson has!


“Wake Up America Seminars, Bellbrook, Ohio. Founded by Larry Wilson, a Vietnam veteran and prophecy student, the Wake Up America ministry has a particular fascination with asteroids. Wilson’s reading of Scripture (like Revelation 8:7, which speaks of ‘hail and fire mixed with blood’) has him convinced that two giant rocks will bash the earth during (the) period of Tribulation and Wrath that precede the Last Judgment. Rejecting the popular millennialist notion of a rapture, a grace-giving moment when the faithful are whisked safely into heaven, he believes people will have to tough out calamities that he identifies with eerie labels like ‘Volcanoes Cause Darkness’ and ‘Devil Appears.’ When? ‘As best as I can tell, ‘Wilson says, ‘the Tribulation starts somewhere between 1999 and 2017.’” (Alex Heard and Peter Klebnikov, Apocalypse Now.  No, Really. Now! A coast-to-coast guide America’s millennial Chicken Littles, New York Times Magazine, December 27, 1998)


Larry appears to be a very dear brother in Christ—but his roots are clearly mingled with Seventh-Day Adventism—from the keeping of the Saturday Sabbath, to the INVESTIGATIVE JUDGMENT trumpeted by Ellen G. White, to full-blown Replacement Theology wherein today’s Israel is either apostate or simply a fluke of history (it has absolutely no relevance to end-time matters—NONE!).


“In the book of Jeremiah, God reveals some of His future plans for the restoration of Israel and the establishment of His Kingdom. Throughout the book of Jeremiah, God speaks of restoration for His people. Many Christians ignore this point: The promise of restoration in the Old Testament is limited to the restoration from the Babylonian destruction and the subsequent establishment of God’s kingdom at the end of the 70 weeks. In other words, the restoration promised in the book of Jeremiah (also Daniel, Isaiah and Ezekiel) has nothing to do with 1948 and Israel’s independence from Great Britain.  Rather, the promise of Israel’s/Judah’s restoration immediately follows the exile in Babylon. Notice these verses (italics mine):

(Larry Wilson, Jeremiah, Day Star, May, 2000)


With all of Wilson’s clever calculations and “independent sounds” – he is nothing more than a classical Amillenarian clothed in Seventh-Day Adventist hyperbole – a classical supercessionist or Replacement Theology buff is he, bound to the SDA’s “year-day” hermeneutic with its preposterous date setting embarrassments.  The only thing apparently different between Wilson and White is the “little horn” – whereas Ellen G. White sees the “little horn” being wounded in the head in 1798, Larry Wilson foresees a yet future personalized Antichrist.


“Most people fail to realize that the glory and restoration revealed to Ezekiel was to be fulfilled within 10 generations of the decree to rebuild and restore Jerusalem. (The decree described in Daniel 9:24-27 occurred in 457 B.C., See Day Star, May 1996.)  God identified a specific time-frame during which Israel could usher in ‘an end to sin and everlasting righteousness.’ But, God also specified the results if Israel did not keep His covenant. (Daniel 9:26; Luke 21:22) God used His inspired writers to safeguard a record in Scripture of the Jew's failure to keep His covenant, so future generations would not question why He revoked His promise to Israel. (Matthew 23:38; Romans 11) But, God’s promise is sure and He will fulfill His plans through another Israel – an Israel built on faith, not genealogy. (Galatians 3:28-29; Romans 11:24-25) (My Emphasis.)


“Many scholars claim that God’s promises to Israel were unconditional, citing Paul's statement in Romans 11:29 ‘for God’s gifts and his call are irrevocable.’ There is no doubt that God will do all that He promises to do. However, Old Testament history demonstrates that God has abandoned a whole generation for faithlessness and rebellion and then, started over with a new generation. (Psalms 95:10-11) God is faithful, and ultimately He will accomplish all that He has promised to do for Abraham's descendants. The essential question is which group constitutes the seed of Abraham that will see all that God has promised to fulfill? Answer: The people who receive Jesus Christ as Lord and Master. (Galatians 3; Ephesians 2; Romans 9-11). (See: Day Star, April, 1996 for an in-depth analysis of this subject.)  (Larry Wilson, A Short Study of Revelation 20’s 1,000 Years (Part 2), Day Star, April, 1996)


Wilson’s Replacement Theology is so pervasive that in one fell swoop he totally discredits his entire projection of intellectual respectability:


“When Christ came to Earth the first time, the nation He had chosen to herald His coming rejected Him. (John 1:11) So, He established a new nation, also called Israel. The apostles considered themselves to be members of this new nation made up of twelve tribes. (See James 1:1 and James 2:1.)” (Larry Wilson, A Short Study of Revelation 20’s 1,000 Years (Part II), Day Star, April, 1996)


This statement is so far fetched that it hardly deserves comment—so obsessed are these Amillenarians to be the “real Israel of God” in every way, shape and form, that they will stoop to the gutters of intellectual absurdity to prove their stupidity!  There is neither “male nor female” in Christ but there most definitely are males and females on the planet to this day!  Thank God for the sanity of the Spirit-Filled New King James Bible editors:


The twelve tribes designates the nation Israel, and scattered abroad translates a technical term (Greek Diaspora) describing Jews scattered throughout Gentile lands” (p. 1751).


“James, a bondservant of God, and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad:  Greetings” (James 1:1).


The “allegorizing of the Scriptures” is replete throughout Larry’s writings:


“Incidentally, the description of the 12 tribes in Revelation 7 (the 144,000) proves this point. The 144,000 will be people from every nation, kindred, tongue and people (Editor’s Note:  No where in Revelation 7:1-8 does it say these 144,000 hail from “every nation, kindred, tongue and people.)  They will be the leaders of spiritual Israel during the Great Tribulation. They are the first fruits of a worldwide harvest.” (Ibid.)


In sum, Brother Wilson should figure out from what tribe he hails:  Judah, Reuben, Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Manasseh, Simeon, Levi, Issachar, Zebulon, Joseph or Benjamin (Perhaps it really doesn’t matter—because all these tribes are but “types and shadows” of the Church in any event.)  Apparently, Wilson simply blends Revelation 7:9-17 with the Tribes of Israel—thus, the so-called “Tribulation Saints” are one in the same with the 144,000 from the Tribes of Israel and a total neglect of Revelation 7:9 must, of necessity, occur in Wilson’s mind:  “AFTER THESE THINGS (what things?—the sealing of the 144,000 from the Twelve Tribes of Israel) I looked, and behold, a great multitude which no one could number, of all nations, tribes, peoples, and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, etc.”)




I want our readers to carefully note that both extremities—those who take the 2,300 days and approximate them to the time of Antiochus IV Epiphanes (wholly missing the contextual relief through Daniel 7-12 –i.e., they completely overlook the futurity of Daniel 8 by isolating it from additional passages throughout Daniel 8-12, and even chapter 7)—and those who adopt the “Replacement Eschatology” of the SDA or JW/Mormon vintage (who, like their Historicist roots—wholly appropriate any and all promises made to National Israel to themselves—with some peculiar exceptions, as we shall see with the Mormons)—have done so by extracting these obvious passages within Daniel’s text to themselves, and not to National Israel.


“In 168 BC, as Daniel had prophesied, the Seleucid king, Antiochus Epiphanes, entered Jerusalem to punish the Jews.  As promised, he put an end to sacrifices at the temple, and he rededicated the temple to Zeus.  He then offered Zeus the sacrifice of a pig upon the altar of God.  Daniel 8:14 does not literally read ‘2300 days,’ but ‘2300 evenings and mornings.’  From the time of Antiochus entering Jerusalem until the temple was cleansed and proper sacrifices reinstituted was roughly 2300 days. (Sorry – “roughly” is not good enough—my comment!)  The actual morning and evening sacrifices prevented totaled roughly 2300.  Either reading finds fulfillment in real past history.” (Editor’s Note:  Once again, both liberal and conservative scholarship is distinguished for their “fluid” math formulae—no wonder secularists criticize our incompetence!)  Taken from:  (Jason Wallace, Harold Camping’s Kingdom Hall, Christ Orthodox Presbyterian Church, Salt Lake City, Utah).


We must bridge our connection from mainline Adventism to Jehovah’s Witnesses via Second Adventism:


“William Miller believed the cleansing of the temple in Daniel 8 was not of a real temple, but rather referred to the purification of the earth by fire at the Second Coming of Christ.  Because the ‘sevens’ in Daniel 9 were translated ‘weeks’ in the King James Bible, Miller assumed all prophecies referring to days must mean years.   Adding 2300 years to the time of Daniel’s prophecy gave Miller a date between March 21, 1843 and March 21, 1844.  He began to teach this throughout the Northeast and gained a wide following.  Despite the great excitement, March 21, 1844, came and went without the return of Christ.  Miller was devastated, but one of his followers went back through the calculations and found what he believed to be the error.  Miller’s dating was based on the decree of Artaxerxes going out in early 457 BC, but the decree did not immediately go into effect, so the calculations were off.  A new date was set of October 22, 1844.

“When even 1844 did not pan out, some of the followers abandoned the movement.  Many however tried to find a new explanation.  They were too embarrassed to admit their error.  They had invested too much to be wrong.  Ellen G. White eventually led the Seventh-Day Adventists to the conclusion that Jesus had returned invisibly in 1844, and that He would soon make His presence known.  Another group that tried to hold to the 1844 date was led by
Jonas Swendahl and was known as the Second Adventists.  They believed that 1844 marked not the date of Jesus' return, but of the beginning of the last generation.  Swendahl taught that Jesus would therefore return in 1874. (My emphasis throughout.)


“One of Swendahl’s (Second Adventist) followers was a former Presbyterian named Charles Taze Russell.   When 1874 came and went, he concluded 30 years was not long enough for a generation.  So he added 70 years to 1844 and concluded that Jesus would return in 1914.  This and other differences led him to split from the Second Adventists and launch Zion's Watchtower and Herald of Christ's Presence.  His followers became known as the International Bible Students, and they went about the country with the message, ‘Millions now living will never die!’  Followers were to leave their churches and fellowship together.  All churches were considered apostate, but God had provided a new channel for their instruction, Zion's Watchtower Tract Society.”  (Jason Wallace, Harold Camping’s Kingdom Hall, Christ Orthodox Presbyterian Church, Salt Lake City, UT)



A side note here:  Be it duly noted, those who delve into British Israelism (most of whom like Herbert W. Armstrong derive their heritage from some form of Seventh Day Adventism) do the same by ascribing to themselves Jewish heritage amongst the so-called “lost tribes” of Ancient Israel (i.e., Anglos are really Ephraim of ancient Israel—sorry, I have no time to delve into their intricacies at this time, nor their apparent ascription of the modern-day Jew (exclusively) to the tribe of Judah, and perhaps Benjamin as well) – British Israelism, in the main, takes out of context these same calculations made specifically to Daniel’s “people and city”—i.e., the Jewish patrimony (Daniel 9:24).


And, most definitely, time and space do not permit even a cursory disclosure of the spurious doctrines and teachings of the Jehovah’s Witnesses (Please see a quick overview here:  (History of the Jehovah’s Witnesses (Charles Taze Russell – 1852-1916), Religion Facts)


Their attraction to Seventh Day Adventist eschatology, through one, Charles Taze Russell (1852-1916), had much to do with the miscalculations surrounding the 2,300 days of Daniel 8:12-14.  In that the 2,300 day prophecy is accorded immediate (though “rough approximation only” will have to do) by both liberal and Amillenarian theologians, its Christian prosecution by both Adventists and Jehovah’s Witnesses (and to some extent, the Mormons) is relentless.


Charles Taze Russell was born in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania on February 16, 1852.   He was the son of Joseph L. and Anna Eliza Russell, young Charles was raised a Congregationalist and spent most of his early years in Allegheny and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. At the age of 16, in the year 1868 he found himself losing faith in Churches, Church Creeds, the Bible and God.

At this point, a chance encounter with
Jonas Wendell, a Second Adventist preacher restored his faith. 


“Seemingly by accident, one evening I dropped into a dusty dingy hall in Allegheny, Pa., where I heard religious services were held, to see if the handful who met there had anything more sensible to offer than the creeds of the great churches.  There, for the first time, I heard something of the view of the Second Adventists, the preacher being Mr. Jonas Wendell.”  (Zion’s Watch Tower, July 15, 1906 Page 3821 Society’s reprints)


Again, let us review the Millerite-Russell connections on eschatology:


“The Adventist movement and its teaching would influence the young Russell in the formation of his doctrines and teachings. The Adventist movement traces it roots back to William Miller a Baptist lay preacher who in 1816 began preaching Christ would return in 1843.  His preaching attracted many from Baptist and mainline churches, close to 50,000 put their trust in Miller’s timing of prophetic events.  When in March 1843 the Lord did not appear, the date was recalculated to March 1844 and then to October 1844.  Miller and the Millerites were disappointed and a shattered people.  Dr. Josiah Litch, a Millerite leader in Philadelphia wrote on October 24th:


 “It is a cloudy and dark day here—the sheep are scattered—the Lord has not come yet”[3]


“Most of his followers returned to their churches before his death in 1849. Others kept the movement alive and formed into several sects.  These ‘Adventist’ groups included the Advent Christian Church, the Life and Advent Union, the Seventh-Day Adventist, and others which split to form the Watch Tower movement.  David Reed, a former Jehovah’s Witness connects the dots between Russell and the “Adventist” movement.


‘The end of the Civil War in 1865 found former Millerites promoting new dates for the Second Coming.  George Storrs of Brooklyn, New York, who published the Bible Examiner and was instrumental in forming the Life and Advent Union, focused his followers’ hopes on 1870, while a group headed by N.H. Barbour of Rochester, New York, looked to 1873 or 1874, and published their calculations in Barbour’s periodical the Herald of the Morning. ….Barbour and Storrs were among the Adventist leaders who shaped the thinking of a newcomer to the religious scene, teenager Charles Taze Russell.[4]


“Charles continued to study under Adventist teachers for sometime and at the age of 18 organized a Bible Study group.  Two Adventist he gave credit to guiding him into greener pastures were Advent Christian Church minister George Stetson and the Bible Examiner’s publisher George Storrs.


‘Thus I confess indebtedness to Adventists…And here I should and do gratefully mention assistance rendered by Brothers George Stetson and George Storrs, the later the editor of the The Bible Examiner, both now deceased.  The study of the Word of God with these dear brethren led, step by step, into greener pastures…. (Zion’s Watch Tower, July 15, 1906, Page 3821 Society’s reprints [5]).


“Russell’s Bible study continued and in 1876, when he was 23, his bible study group elected him ‘Pastor.’  During this time, Russell received a copy of the Herald of the Morning, N. H. Barbour’s magazine that foretold the return of Christ in 1874.  The year of 1874, having since past Russell noticed the group believed Christ returned invisibly in 1874.  The magazine was failing, as many readers refused to accept the invisible Second coming.


“The summer of 1876, Russell became the financial backer of the magazine. He was added to the masthead as assistant editor, and he contributed articles and money to the publication.  Russell’s and Barbour’s groups became affiliates.  Since the Lord returned ‘invisibly’ in 1874 they believed the saints would be ‘Caught away bodily’ three and half years later, to be with the Lord in the spring of 1878. (Zion’s Watch Tower, July 15, 1906, Page 3823 Society’s reprints). When the ‘Catching away’ (The rapture) did not occur as expected Barbour and Russell split. Barbour had ‘New Revelations’ to account for the lack of the rapture but Russell and others rejected his ‘Revelations.’


“Russell would start his own magazine, His new magazine was called Zion’s Watch Tower and Herald of Christ’s Presence, and published its first issue in July, 1879.  Russell no longer considered himself an ‘Adventist’ or ‘Millerite’ but considered their movements of God. He viewed these movements as fulfillment of the ‘Midnight Cry’ that the ‘Bridegroom cometh’ in the Parable of the Ten Virgins in Matthew 25:1-13. Russell held that Christ came invisibly in 1874.


“In 1886, Russell published The Divine Plan of the Ages projecting that 1914 would witness Armageddon and the dawn of Christ’s thousand-year rule on earth. The date was later changed to 1915.


“October 31st, 1916 Russell died aboard a transcontinental train in Texas.  He was buried in Pennsylvania and was succeeded by Judge Rutherford. In Russell’s cemetery, where early Jehovah Witnesses are buried there stands (a) granite pyramid, measuring nine feet at its base with the name WATCH TOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY with a Cross inside of a crown.


“Russell taught and wrote that the Great Pyramid of Giza was designed by Jehovah and was a blueprint to end-times chronology. This teaching was held by the Jehovah Witnesses till November 15th 1928 when Judge Rutherford reversed the teaching calling it Satan’s teaching.”  (Jehovah’s Witnesses,


Pivotal to ALL these extrapolations is the deplorable hermeneutic of all these aberrant eschatologies—virtually all of them stem from the misappropriations and misapplications of the 2,300 days!




Leave it to the Mormons to go literal on us all!  One could image that some on-going revelation would be given to the Mormons on these matters—especially, since nigh all these “happenings” occurred at the same time that the Church of Jesus Christ Latter Day Saints was evolving; therefore, one would be hard pressed NOT to find these 2,300 days and the 1844 date floating about those who wholly deny that they are supercessionist!


“In Mormonism, all Latter Day Saints are viewed as covenant, or chosen, people; they have accepted the name of Jesus Christ. This acceptance of entering the covenant is initiated by baptism. In contrast to supersessionism, Latter Day Saints do not dispute the ‘chosen’ status of the Jewish people. In LDS doctrine all people who have ever lived will have the ability to enter into this covenant during the Millennium. Mormon eschatology holds that Jews, as a chosen people, will ultimately renew their covenant with God by accepting Christianity (See Jeremiah 31:31-34).


“Mormon doctrine teaches that Mormons are members of the House of Israel. Every practicing LDS member receives a patriarchal blessing that reveals their lineage in the House of Israel. This lineage may be blood related or through ‘adoption;’ therefore, a child may not necessarily share the lineage of her parents (but will still be a member of the tribes of Israel). It is a widely held belief that most members of the faith are in the tribe of Ephraim or the tribe of Manasseh.” (Chosen People, Mormonism, Wikipedia)


That said, let us explore some of the “double-speak” wherein “elements” of National Israel are incorporated into Mormon eschatology.


In Mormon “the best known of all prophecies” is known as “1844 – Restoring the Rights of the Church.”  An elaborate effort is made to strengthen the 457 B.C. “start date” of the 2,300 “year-date” countdown to 1844 A.D.


“Daniel 8:14 gives 2300 years until the cleansing of the sanctuary. What does ‘cleansed’ mean in this context? In the Bible, people are symbolically cleansed by the shedding of blood (animals in the Old Testament, looking forward to the shedding of Jesus’ blood in the New). The Jerusalem Bible rewords this ‘then the sanctuary shall have its rights restored’. Actually, this is the simplest of all the prophecies - there is more agreement about this one than any other prophecy. (Editor’s Note:  Among Amillenarians there sure is—but certainly not among Premillenarians and certainly not among those who see the 2,300 days embedded within the yet future 70th Week of Daniel committed to National Israel, as well as the Church, each having their separate but “divinely coordinated roles.”)


“Now, we are always looking for the simplest possible interpretation, so we shall assume that this ties in with a similar prophecy in the next chapter (Daniel 9). In Daniel 9, an important prophecy is dated from the time that Persia left Daniel's world - the last major decree for the Jews to return to their land. This date was 457 BC.  (Editor’s Note:  The ultimate tie-in of Daniel 8’s 2,300 days and Daniel 9’s 70 Weeks among the Mormons becomes abundantly clear as we progress.)


“Checking, we find that 457 BC is comfortably in the middle of the Delian League period. In fact, this was just about the time that Pericles and others were starting to rebuild Athens into the formidable power. So 457 BC is a fairly safe starting date for the prophecy. (Editor’s Note:  An elaborate effort is made to substantiate the 457 BC by using the Medo-Persian and Greek conflicts, in order to conclude that the 457 BC date has more to do with that conflict than to any Persian decree to rebuild the city of Jerusalem.)


“2300 years from 457 BC (remember that there is no ‘year 0’) takes us to 1844.”


Now, Mormon eschatology takes a quantum leap into 1844 – most interesting:


“Many people have studied the prophecies in Daniel and Revelation over the centuries, and come up with various schemes for how it all might be fulfilled. But one date stands out from all the others - 1844. More than any other, this date resonated in peoples' minds. It was big news at the time, and millions believed in it (just look up ‘Millerites’ in any good encyclopedia).


“The belief in 1844 as a major date in prophecy has been incorporated into modern religions such as the Baha'i faith and the Seventh Day Adventists.

”In terms of prophetic dates, 1844 was The Big One.


“Did all those Bible readers get it wrong?


“So what happened?  The world did not end, and everyone went home disappointed.  But if they had read the context of the Bible prophecies, they would have seen that although the date was correct, its significance had been missed. 1844 was not the end of the world, but it signaled the restoration of the sanctuary, which is not quite the same thing.  While all those people were climbing their hills and selling their worldly goods, looking heavenward in expectation of the end, the ancient prophecy was being fulfilled, right on schedule, in the state of Illinois, in a town called Nauvoo and in a tiny jailhouse called Carthage.


“Almost 2000 years earlier, devout Bible readers had missed the first coming of Christ, because it took place in a lowly stable and not with armies of angels. This time they missed the final restoration of his kingdom in preparation for his second coming, because it took place in the middle of Illinois and once more the armies of angels were invisible to all save a few.” (Ibid.)


Wow!  That’s rather breathtaking.  Turns out that, although most Mormons are not familiar with these “Mormon eschatologies” – many do affirm them – as follows:


“In 1844, Joseph Smith, the prophet of the restoration, completed his mortal mission.  He sealed his testimony with his blood (see Doctrine & Covenants 135). Like all those other martyrs spoken of in Revelation, he was slain for the word of God. All he had ever said was what he had seen with his own eyes, and they killed him for it.


“Before the prophet Joseph died, when he could see what was inevitable, he had two driving goals:


“First, to ensure that the church had everything necessary to survive and prosper.


“Second, to ensure that the temple (then under construction) would be complete.


“He died only once he had completed his work.  After thousands of years when prophecy had ceased, the church was once more ready to fulfill the will of the Lord.  And after thousands of years of there being no temple, or worse, a polluted temple, the rights were at last restored.


"The sanctuary had been cleansed."


"The rights of the temple had been restored."


The prophecy was fulfilled.” (Ibid.)


This Mormon eschatologist has taken the Seventh-Day Adventist eschatology of the 1844 date and wholly converted it over into a newly-found Mormon eschatology:


“In this web site I promised not to use obscure historical details. You may not have heard of 1844 as significant before, but you will. 1844 was the turning point for the church of Jesus Christ in the Latter-Days - the first significant Christian church since the days of the apostles to claim new scripture, a church that has fulfilled prophecy after prophecy as it grows to fill the world.” (Ibid.)


As you can see from the chart below, Mormons hold to the same Amillenarian 70 Weeks interpretation (wholly contiguous, no gap and continuing through to the preaching of the gospel to the Gentiles/Cornelius) – the chart, however, seems a bit askew in that Messiah is “cut off” in AD 27 and then the 70th Week commences from AD 27 until AD 34 (a slight modification on the theme whereby most Amillenarians commence the 70th Week at the time of Jesus’ Baptism by John the Baptist with the “cutting off” or crucifixion around 30 AD “in the midst of the Week” and then the conclusion of the 70th Week around 33-34 AD at the preaching of the gospel to Cornelius; however, the author(s) may have simply skewed their own writings because it appears, later on, they correct themselves and persist with the traditional Historicist renderings—e.g., from Jesus Baptism until the Holy Spirit’s baptism of Cornelius, etc.).



7 "weeks" (49 years) 457 BC - 408 BC. Streets and walls of Jerusalem completed.


62 "weeks" (434 years) 408 BC - AD 27. Messiah is "cut off"

1 "week" (7 years), AD 27-AD 34. Messiah confirms (fulfills) the old covenant (Ibid.) (Please see this author’s “revised renderings” of these calculation’s via “Ibid.” ref. “Daniel’s 70 Weeks”


And, like most Amillenarians, Mormon eschatology scolds those who hold to a “gap” between the 69th and 70th Week of Daniel’s prophecy—why?  For the same reasons that Israel has been disinherited and a “New Israel” has taken her place:  The Mormon Church (although, once again, they claim NOT to be supercessionist—but it sure smells, looks, quacks, etc. like a duck to me). (Mormon eschatology taken from:  David Wills and Chris Tolworthy sites: and


Indeed, the convolutions of Mormon identification with National Israel are exceedingly bizarre and most difficult to follow—for example:


“The Book of Mormon Peoples were literally of Israel. Those who journeyed to the Western Hemisphere from Jerusalem with Lehi around 600 B.C. were descended from Joseph of Egypt through his sons Manasseh and Ephraim (Alma 10:3; cf. 1 Ne. 5:14-16; JD 23:184-85). A second group had links to the royal house of Judah through mulek, son of Zedekiah (Hel. 6:10; Omni 1:14-16). Several prophecies deal with the eventual restoration of God’s covenant among the descendants of these peoples (e.g., 1 Ne. 22:3-12; 3 Ne. 20:22-27; 21:1-7). As a natural corollary, several prophecies focus on the scattering and eventual return of many of the Jews to Jerusalem and the blessings that await them there (e.g., 2 Ne. 6:10-14; 3 Ne. 20:29-46; Ether 13:5). As with other covenants, promises are fulfilled only when people—whether Gentiles or Israelites—obey the commandments of God (e.g., 1 Ne. 14:5-6; 22:17-22).


“Today, members of the Church—latter-day Israel, largely Joseph's descendants either by blood or adoption—are to seek out the other descendants of Israel and those who would become Israelites through adoption by baptism.


STATE OF ISRAEL. LDS leaders have viewed the creation of the modern state of Israel in the Middle East as a consequential world event but not as the complete fulfillment of prophecy. After noting the glory of God’s work yet to be done among all branches of Israel and after discussing the redemption promised to Judah, Bruce R. McConkie, an apostle, wrote of the present immigration of a few million Jewish people to the Holy Land, ‘Is this the latter-day gathering of which the scriptures speak? No! It is not…. [It] is nonetheless part of divine plan’ of a more complete gathering yet to occur (p. 229).” (Israel, Light Planet, About Mormonism)


These apparent contradictions are endemic to Mormon eschatology relative to National Israel, as well as to the current State of Israel as having anything to do with biblical fulfillment.




Family Radio’s Apostle of Dates, Harold Camping, though not in the class of his fellow Historicists (viz. the Seventh-Day Adventists, Jehovah’s Witnesses or Mormons), is, nevertheless, one of the most pretentious advocates of date setting known to man.  His forecasts of the Second Coming put these earlier “invisibilities” to shame—the Seventh Day Adventists have Jesus entering into an investigative process somewhere in the heavens fulfilling their claims of His Second Coming; whereas the Jehovah’s Witnesses have any number of date claims, along with “classes” of saints being accepted as superior brethren from time to time (several groups of 144,000); and, of course, the Mormons, whose ultimate baptisms has everyone becoming Israel in some mysterious sort of way—still, no one comes close to the absurdities of one Harold Camping.


“What began as the International Bible Students has become the Jehovah’s Witnesses.   The date of 1914 was changed to 1925, 1941, and 1975.  What began as calling Christians out of their churches to prepare for Christ’s return has become an anti-Christian cult.  I believe we are seeing something similar attempted today.

“In 1992, Harold Camping published
1994?  Like Miller, he rejected the historic understanding of Daniel 8.  The prophecy clearly describes the rise of the kingdom of Greece under Alexander the Great, and the division of his empire among four others.   But instead of seeing the prophecy as fulfilled then, Camping transports its fulfillment to our own day.  Like the Adventists and the Jehovah’s Witnesses, he focuses on the ‘hidden’ meanings of texts, seeing pointers towards 1994 in the number of swine drowned in the Sea of Galilee or in the number of servants in Abraham’s house. Camping introduced 1994? with the following statement, ‘No book ever written is as audacious or bold as one that claims to predict the timing of the end of the world, and that is precisely what this book presumes to do.’ As audacious as it was, it was wrong.  (Note:  This writer rightly exposes the erroneous miscalculations of Miller, Russell and now Camping; however, he, like many others, fails in appropriating the passages of Daniel 8:12-14 within their “contextual” framework and simply accords approximations and total fulfillment to the proto-type of Antichrist, Antiochus IV Epiphanes—i.e., he sees no relevance to future prophetic fulfillment in the context of National Israel, nor any prophetic association of the 2,300 days within the framework of the 70th Week of Daniel (i.e., from the commencement of the future rebuilt Jewish Temple and the rededication of the sacerdotal rites and beyond to the final day of desolation—i.e., the 1,290th day—Daniel 12:11)).

“September 6, 1994 came and went.  Camping seemed to back away from his false prophecy, but he has now decided he was right all along.  It was too bitter a pill to swallow to be wrong.  Like the Jehovah’s Witnesses, he says 1994 wasn’t the wrong date.  We just have to add 7 years to it.  Like Russell he is now telling Christians to leave their churches.  All are apostate.  You should no longer trust your pastors and elders, but you should abandon them and turn to one of the only true channels of God’s Word, Family Radio.  Like Jehovah’s Witnesses, you should simply fellowship together and await Word from Oakland.”
(Jason Wallace, Harold Camping’s Kingdom Hall, Christ Orthodox Presbyterian Church, Salt Lake City, UT)


To summarize Camping’s initial 1994 date:


“Since Camping states that the most likely date for the birth of Christ is on October 4th, 7 BC when the Jubilee Trumpet allegedly sounded (p.418- Time Has An End: A Biblical History of the World 11,013 BC - 2011 AD, Vantage Press: 2005 and throughout), one needs only to add 2,000 years minus one year for the year 0 and presto, 1994. The number 153 (the number of fish caught in John 21:11) equals 3 times 3 times 17.  Camping says, ‘the number three signifies the purpose of God whereas the number seventeen signifies heaven. Thus we can learn that (the) purpose of God is to bring all believers that are caught by the Gospel into heaven.’ (p.504) Would it not be hermeneutically better to go to Matthew 24 where Jesus clearly teaches about the end of the age instead of trying to mystically find hidden secrets behind clear narrative prose?”  (Harold Camping, Institute of Biblical and Scientific Studies, Update 2005)




Harold Camping’s abilities to manipulate the 2,300 days of Daniel 8 are in excess—clearly accomplished in the same spirit of his predecessors.  All his contemporaries, and certainly of the aforementioned past extrapolators (Please witness the amazing list of bogus predictors, past, present and future: A Brief History of the Apocalypse – 1971-1997:  Millennial Madness) persistently manhandle the 2,300 days of Daniel 8; isolate the passage to its illogical conclusions; and utterly disregard the prophetical fact it was not spoken to the Church, but to physical, National Israel; to Daniel’s “people and for your holy city” (Daniel 9:24). 


Their antagonists, who rightly mock their preposterous prognostications and the millenarian anxieties associated thereto, do so from the same Amillenarian and/or Postmillenarian Historicists’ basis whereby they propose that these passages are already fulfilled in the person of Antiochus IV Epiphanes (as do some Premillenarians, witness C. I. Scofield et al).  Not able to “fit” the 2,300 days into any viable chronology, they settle for “approximations” (avoiding the excessive allegory or literal “days to year” extrapolations of the Adventists, Jehovah Witnesses, Mormons and now, Harold Camping (though he prefers days vs. years mixed in) and his Family Radio), but in so doing they expose their approximations to secular derision.  Furthermore, they inadvertently remove the contextual properties embedded in the phrase “TRANSGRESSION OF DESOLATION” (Daniel 8:13) from the comments of Jesus regarding the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION (Daniel 11:31; 12:11; cf. 9:27b), yet future; hence, their so-called “total fulfillment” in the person of Antiochus IV Epiphanes did/does not receive recognition by Jesus; hence, they deprecate the Savior’s future inevitabilities (at least up through 70 A.D. if you’re a Preterist; and certainly if you are a “grammatical-contextualist” you will suffice the Savior’s declarations to an immediate time, yet future).


Attempting to discover how and where the 2,300 days of Daniel 8:14 fits into Camping’s schematic is no small search on the internet—it is so convoluted, and there are so many outraged over his $12,000,000-a year empire—that to finally encapsulate his misuse of this time frame; well, it was not an easy fete.  In sum, here’s what “Mike” says:


“Mike says:
December 5, 2007 at 4:22 pm


“Strangely I have become more convinced Harold has something here. Israel did become a nation in 1948, and the promise from Jesus was that this generation should not pass away before these things be revealed, speaking on the abomination of desolations. Which is where Satan takes over the high places in the church.  And I did find the 2300 days which Harold is calling a literal 2300 days from 1988 to 1994.  Then backing up once again to 1988 and adding 23 years bringing him to 2011. Also after the flood God uses the 7’s over and over again. So counting the seven days as one thousand years each and the flood occurred in the biblical year 6023 add 7000 and you come to the year 13023, or add 7000 to the year of the flood {4990} B.C. and you come once again to the year 2011. The big problem I have is all of my info is understood from Harold and how he has reached his date (or God’s date if he is correct) in the Bible. If in fact the great veil has been lifted as we are in the time of the end and God promises to do nothing lest he reveals it to the saints, then why hasn’t this exploded on the scene and great debate taken place so the faithful can accept it and the wicked can laugh at it?”


“The big problem I have in all this” is the same you’re having:  Why is it that Harold Camping’s followers sound as bizarre as he does?  Numbers are thrown around as if there’s no tomorrow—and maybe there isn’t . . . well, you go figure:  If we’re not in the Great Tribulation, and we’re not in the Millennium, then where are we?  Indeed, from 1988 (40 years or a generation after modern Israel declared its independence) until 1994 no one on the earth experienced salvation through Christ (according to Camping)—it was the time of the Great Tribulation. 


“In 1988 Camping published the book The Final Tribulation where he states that no one can be saved once the Tribulation has started which according to him was May 21, 1988 (p.137-8 and 158). He has since corrected this to say that once the tribulation has ended no one can be saved, which according to him is September 6, 1994. (Editor’s Note:  Since 1988 it would appear no one’s getting saved?  However, people can be saved outside of the all the organized churches—because all the churches comprise “Babylon the Great” and all of them are considered apostate; therefore, only outside of them—and by inference awaiting assistance from Family Forum—can one somehow be saved or, if they do get saved, it must be outside of the organized churches.)



“Harold Camping has again proclaimed the probable end of the world. This time the end of the world is set for 2011 A.D. He has written a new book entitled Time Has An End: A Biblical History of the World 11,013 BC - 2011 AD (Vantage Press: 2005). In this book he proclaims like a modern day prophet that the Church Age ended in 1988, 40 years after the beginning of the nation of Israel in 1948. This is also the beginning of the Great Tribulation in 1988. 1994 marks the beginning of the 2nd Jubilee (Later Rain). Previously, he said 1994 was to be the end of the world. The probable end of the world is now set at 2011 A.D.  Usually millenialists say there are seven years of tribulation followed directly by the return of Christ. I may not be good at math, but there seems to be a lot more than 7 years between 1988 and 2011.  (Note:  This author simply cannot add nor subtract . . . 2011-1988=23 years . . . there’s that number “23” again, so prevalent in Harold Camping’s eschatology.  My insights.  Notwithstanding, take a gander at Camping’s elaborate numerological chart and you can sure see why one might have difficult in simple arithmetic!



“According to Camping there is now a two-part program to the Great Tribulation (page 421). The main reason Camping sites for the end of the world in 2011 AD is that it is 7,000 years from the Noachian Flood which he claims was in 4990 BC. It is also 23 years from the beginning of the Great Tribulation which is the magic number of judgment (page 425) (Whoops, he figured it out!). Christians are now to leave their (spiritual) homeland (the church) just like Jacob and Judah did (page 426). The most likely time of Christ’s coming is at the Feast of Ingathering (the 15-22 of the seventh month of the Jewish calendar) which would be in the fall of 2011 (September-October, page 433).  According to Camping, when the Tribulation ends, the sun will be darkened, the moon will not shine, and the stars shall fall from heaven (page 433). It sounds like a spectacular astronomical show for 2011, but since Camping has been repeatedly wrong in the past, I have little hope that we will see the promised spectacular show in 2011.” (Harold Camping, The Institute for Biblical and Scientific Studies, Update, 2005)



My wife who listens to the beautiful music on Family Radio suddenly finds herself listening to the overwhelming presence of Harold Camping’s Open Forum Program which I’ve tagged:  The Happy Camper Hour.  It seems like every night a new discovery on calculations leading up to the Second Coming takes place.  “How’s the Happy Camper doing?”  “Well, it’s shocking how he cuts people off, and then says, ‘Thank you for calling and sharing; now let’s go to our next caller . . . Welcome to Open Forum; and what is your question, please?’”  I asked her, “Why do you listen to this guy?”  “It’s very entertaining in its own way—just listening to Camping answering the questions is so bizarre—you should listen to the way he cuts people off; it’s just amazing . . . ‘excuse me . . . excuse me.’” My retort:  “Maybe he should change the name of his program from Open Forum to ‘Tortured for Christ?’” 



If we are faithful to the Biblical text, we will not digress into such nonsensical extrapolations—the text is abundantly clear in reference to its repeated contextual understanding.  “TO FINISH THE TRANSGRESSION” in Daniel 9:24 is directly related to the “TRANSGRESSION OF DESOLATION” in Daniel 8:13 and the 2,300 days from the commencement of the “daily sacrifices” until “the giving of both the sanctuary and the host to be trampled underfoot.”  The 2,300 day calculations must be understood by comparing these Scriptures with those in Daniel 11:31 (“. . . then they shall take away the daily sacrifices, and place there the abomination of desolation”); and with those found in Daniel 12:11-12 (“And from the time that the daily sacrifice is taken away, and the abomination of desolation is set up, there shall be one thousand two hundred and ninety days.  Blessed is he who waits, and comes to the one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days); and, finally all of these passages must be correlated with Daniel 9:27 (“Then he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week; but in the middle of the week he shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering.  And on the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate, even until the consummation, which is determined, is poured out on the desolator.”).


The blatant fact that Jesus quotes Daniel’s prophecy of the “Abomination of Desolation” as yet future, completely destroys the liberal and well-meaning exegesis of evangelical brethren who contend that these passages in Daniel 8:11-14; 9:24-27; 11:20-45; 12:1-13 are fulfilled in part or the whole (Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14).  Furthermore, Preterists who must consort to bend the writing of John’s Revelation prior to 70 A.D., instead of its obvious post-70 A.D. writing under the persecution of Emperor Domitian (81 A.D. – 96 A.D.), makes the 70 A.D. date of the “Abomination of Desolation” chronologically impossible; and, a whole host of Revelation’s precisions obsolete or, at best, allegorized by the Amillenarian hoards as an “after thought.”  These “hoards” are determined to wrest control of National Israel’s witness before the Gentile World Powers (even in their unbelief) under the final sway of the Antichrist-Beast wherein he will “in the last end of the indignation . . . at the time appointed . . . come to his end” (Dan. 8:19; 11:45).  And so will be fulfilled the words of the angel Gabriel given to Daniel on behalf of his people and his holy city:  TO FINISH THE TRANSGRESSION! (Dan. 9:24a).


Even so, the “Seventy weeks (which) are determined” (Dan. 9:24) may commence with “to finish the transgression” but they most certainly have not been fulfilled “for your people and for your holy city” in that all the other five items have NOT concluded – which we now consider in brief (having spent the majority of our discussion upon the “transgression of desolation” – i.e., “to finish the transgression” in that it signals immediate termination of the ANTICHRIST and concludes our reflections on the DESOLATOR at the Second Advent on the 1,290th Day).




“O Lord, according to all Your righteousness, I pray, let Your anger and Your fury be turned away from Your city Jerusalem, Your holy mountain; because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and Your people are a reproach to all those around us – Now therefore, our God, hear the prayer of Your servant, and his supplications, and for the Lord’s sake cause Your face to shine on Your sanctuary, which is desolate . . . see our DESOLATIONS and the city which is called by Your name for we do not present our supplications before You because of our righteous deeds, but because of Your great mercies.  O Lord, hear!  O Lord, forgive!  O Lord, listen and act!  Do not delay for Your own sake, my God, for Your city and your people are called by Your name.” (Daniel 9:16-19)


Once again, taken in its context, we reflect upon Daniel’s prayer and, in particular, his acknowledgement of “our sins” and the framing of his address on behalf of “your people and your holy city."  Why?  Because it is this same phraseology which is used by the angel Gabriel in announcing the “Seventy weeks (which) are determined for your people and for your holy city” (Daniel 9:24a).


It is inexcusable to conclude that “to make an end of sins” or “to seal up sins” has any other object other than “For your people and your holy city.” (Daniel 9:24)  To superimpose the salvation of the Gentiles (i.e., the Church comprised of both Jew and Greek, bond or free, etc.) into this equation is simply a hyper allegorical interpretation of the text—bearing no relevance to the subject at hand:  The Jewish People (viz. National Israel).


Again, in context, “to make an end of sins” (Strong’s 2403) is the same sin confessed by Daniel in Daniel 9:20:


“Now while I was speaking, praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel . . . .”


Those “sins” and that “sin” was addressed by Daniel whose prayer immediately enjoins his “Lord, great and awesome God” with the profound introduction:  “WHO KEEPS HIS COVENANT” (Daniel 9:4).  It is to this One, the Lord of the Covenant, that Daniel confesses both his own sin and the sins of “For your people and your holy city” (Daniel 9:24). 


Zechariah echoes Daniel’s prophetic fulfillment by declaring:


“In that day a fountain shall be opened for the house of David and for the inhabitants of Jerusalem, for sin and for uncleanness” (Zechariah 13:1).


That day is the same day wherein . . .


“And in that day it shall be that living waters shall flow from Jerusalem . . . and the LORD shall be King over all the earth.  In that day it shall be—‘The LORD is one,’ and His name one” (Zechariah 14:9).


The day whereof we speak of the 1,335th day of Israel’s final cleansing and fulfillment—the cleansing of the Temple will have been wrought by the coming of Messiah and they shall greet Him with shouts of HOSANNA for . . .


“The Deliverer will come out of Zion, and He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob; for this is My covenant with them, when I take away their sins” (Romans 11:26; Isaiah 59:20).  (So much for the gibberish of Alan Morrison which you shall read hereunder.)




It is here, once again, that we must malign the nefarious and anti-Semitic remarks by the arch-Amillenarian, Alan Morrison, who initiates the severity of his remarks by announcing:


“I have come to the conclusion that what we believe about the future has a great deal of significance for how we think and behave today. If I believe that Christ will return to build a kingdom on earth, I align myself with a myriad of wacky or even evil groupings which also believe that their Imam or Guru or Avatar is going to manifest on earth to build a one-world kingdom. I would also be minimizing the spiritual and transformative nature of Christ’s kingdom. If I believe that everything is going to get better and better on earth, culminating in the victorious reign of the church on earth prior to the return of Christ, I will fail to prepare people for the terrible tribulation which will come upon this planet.” Alan Morrison, Part 1 of the latest “Questions, Comments & Responses”


Then, after maligning both Premillenarians and Postmillenarians, he trumpets his Augustinian principles of the kingdom and of his consequent disgust toward the Jew:


“However, your main question concerns Matt.23:39:  ‘For I say to you, you shall see Me no more till you say, ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’’.  It is taken by many to refer to a great awaking of Israel as the end approaches. This view of Israel being saved en masse at the time of the end, as held by your pastor, is very common in the Reformed-evangelical scene. This is because it has been given the imprimatur by teachers such as Errol Hulse in book form. In fact, this view of Israel is virtually de rigueur in many Reformed circles. A number of the Puritans held this view and this too has influenced people who respect their writings.


“However, you are rightly suspicious of this view and ask where do I think that Matt.23:39 fits into the scheme of things and to whom does it refer. The answer is, I believe, simple. It in fact refers to the hardened Jews who have not believed who will be around when Christ returns in the final judgment on the Day of the Lord. However, the reason that this verse fools people into thinking it refers to a mass belief of the Jews is because the Lord Jesus says that they will then say ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ However, they (the Jews) won’t be saying that as believers but as hardened unbelievers in a final hideous acknowledgement of who He really is. This is the awful element of the final judgment. Let’s go into this a little.


“Remember that believers will already have been taken up off the earth (1 Thess.4:17) on the eve of the judgment so Matt.23.39 cannot be referring to believing Jews because the only people left on the earth after that will be unbelievers. When the terrors of judgment then hit, unbelievers will not be able to remain safe in their notion that God and His Christ are dead simply because they killed Him off in their minds and with their vicious words and in their earlier easy acceptance of the Antichrist. That will be a luxury which will be unavailable to them. Instead, they – unbelieving Gentiles as well as Jews – will be forced to acknowledge who Christ really is and then go to hell knowing that they rejected the Son of God. That will be a vital part of their torment. Hell involves the realization that one rejected the truth. We see this in Rev.1:7: “Behold, He is coming with clouds, and every eye will see Him, even they who pierced Him [i.e. the unbelieving Jews]. And all the tribes of the earth [i.e. unbelieving Gentiles] will mourn because of Him. Even so, Amen”. They will mourn alright; not out of repentance but out of a horrible realization of the truth. As Matthew Henry puts it: “They will never be convinced, till Christ’s second coming convince them, when it will be too late to make an interest in him, and nothing will remain but a fearful looking for of judgment.” (Ibid.)


Morrison continues his diatribe and distortions against the Jews and against the true meaning of the prophetic Scriptures—both in the Old and New Testaments—to Morrison there is no “end of sins” – no “fountain of cleansing” – no anointing of the Most Holy Place in so far as Israel concerns—and if there was one, it was at the Baptism of Jesus by John the Baptist.


“So that verse in Matt.23:39 – far from being a prediction of a widespread turning of Jews to Christ at His return – is simply an exposé of the way that the unbelieving Jews will be forced to confess that Christ is the Messiah after all. Not because they are turning to him but simply because it is God’s purpose that every knee should bow and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord. Believers confess that willingly and joyfully. Unbelievers confess it reluctantly and miserably; but they confess it nevertheless.


“I hope that helps. If anyone wants to know more about the position of the Jews with regard to salvation and eschatology, please check out my dissertation on Israel.” (Alan Morrison, Part 1 of the latest “Questions, Comments & Responses”) (Ibid.)


Alan Morrison is not to be pitied – he is to be exposed for the biblical fraud he really is!  His source is the “Father of lies” and his audience is being snookered into believing his alleged sincerity in Christ—and, I hasten to add, so are his compatriots at Spiritual Counterfeits Project in Berkeley, California, who allow his exposés and views to circulate unhindered. (Smoke, Mirrors and Disinformation…THE NEW AGE TIES OF THE APOLOGETICS MINISTRIES DIAKRISIS INTERNATIONAL DISCERNMENT OR DECEPTION?).  Likewise, and thank God Almighty, Jacob Prasch has also seen the light from this darkened corner of the world of Diakrises – for Prasch once extolled the praises of Alan Morrison; to wit:


“Jacob Prasch & Moriel are happy to endorse the ministry of both Tal Brooke and Alan Morrison. Unlike Aho (Barbara Aho) & Co., both have made and continue to make substantial contributions to evangelical apologetics and discernment issues. Admittedly, there are a few secondary areas of disagreement we would have with Alan and perhaps Tal, as indeed they might have with us, but this does not undermine the fact that ‘Diakrises’ and ‘SCP’ are Christ centered and biblically grounded ministries which Moriel & Jacob Prasch are ready to sanction.” (Jacob Prasch, Wolves in Sheep’s Clothing, Moriel Ministries)


But now of late . . . and hardly “secondary areas of disagreement” experienced with Alan and Tal, include:


“Both Mr. Morrison and Mr. Brooke (Tal Brooke of Spiritual Counterfeits Project of Berkeley, CA) are too intelligent to demean themselves with the kind of conspiratorial absurdity and anti Zionism they focus on and in the process they undermine the valuable ministry they both otherwise could and should have in reaching New Agers for Christ in a post Christian/Neo Pagan world.  Mr. Morrison overlooks that the biblical scenario for the Eschaton viewed in Daniel and Revelation, places the prophetic significance of Israel as well as that of The Church at the center of world events. There is simply no place for replacement theology in The Word of God generally, and certainly none regarding eschatology specifically. Those propagating unbiblical positions to the contrary are postulating untenable inventions of their own minds. In order to arrive at his misplaced doctrinal theology, Allan Morrison, identical to the Roman Catholic mystics, hyper Charismatics, and New Age theosophers, must engage in the convoluted hermeneutics of eisegetical Gnosticism by spiritualizing what the scripture plainly teaches about Israel and The Millennial reign of Christ instead of deriving his beliefs from sound exegesis.


“Mr. Morrison substitutes an exegetical approach to eschatology with a conspiracy theory based approach where the biblical texts plainly establishing the place of Israel eschatologically are treated in a neo-Gnostic manner based on spiritualization.


“Just as hyper charismatic practitioners of the Toronto Deception are in essence doing little more than practicing Kundalini Yoga packaged in Christian jargon, so too Allan Morrison and his ilk become little more than conspiracy theorists using Christian jargon. Just as hyper Charismatics, Promise Keepers, and Roman Catholic mystics who spiritualize texts out of context in order to fabricate a pretext are essentially Gnostics using Christian jargon, so too is Allan Morrison.” (Jacob Prasch, A Response to Alan Morrison, Moriel Ministries – Moriel Ministries)


No, Mr. Morrison, Israel is destined because “God, who keeps covenant” (Daniel 9:4) shall for Daniel’s “people and for (his) holy city” “make an end of sins!” (Daniel 9:24).


I am delighted to discover G. H. Lang’s commentary from here on out as trustworthy. 




“‘To expiate it by sacrifice.’ – Does not speak of what Christ did upon the Cross, but of the application of it to the Jewish people, which will not take place until the close of the age. 


“For Jews as a people there is no expiation in this dispensation:  if an individual would have the benefit of the savior’s death in this time, he must resign his nationality, and become a member of Christ, in whom there is neither Jew nor Greek.  But when the Body of Christ has been completed, then the Jewish nation shall look on Him Whom they have pierced, and mourn for Him; ‘and in that day there shall be a fountain opened to the House of David, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem’—that is, to Jews as Jews—‘for sin and for uncleanness” (Zech. 13:1). (p. 131 – The Histories and Prophecies of Daniel, G. H. Lang)


Thus, will be heard the words of Daniel . . .


“We have sinned and committed iniquity, we have done wickedly and rebelled, even by departing from Your precepts and Your judgments” (Daniel 9:5).




“‘Behold the days are coming,’ says the LORD, ‘that I will perform that good thing which I have promised to the house of Israel and to the house of Judah:  ‘In those days and at that time I will cause to grow up to David a Branch of righteousness; He shall execute judgment and righteousness in the earth.  In those days Judah will be saved, and Jerusalem will dwell safely.  And this is the name by which she will be called:  THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.’ (Strong’s 6664) For thus says the Lord: ‘David shall never lack a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel; ‘nor shall the priests, the Levites, lack a man to offer burnt offerings before Me, to kindle grain offerings, and to sacrifice continually’” (Jeremiah 33:14-18).


Again, the “bringing in of everlasting righteousness” is found in THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS (Heb. YHWH Tsidkenu) – how can we not confirm his promises to David and to His seed forever?


31Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

 32Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD:

 33But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.

 34And they shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.

 35Thus saith the LORD, which giveth the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar; The LORD of hosts is his name:

 36If those ordinances depart from before me, saith the LORD, then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me for ever.

 37Thus saith the LORD;  If heaven above can be measured, and the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, I will also cast off all the seed of Israel for all that they have done, saith the LORD.

 38Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that the city shall be built to the LORD from the tower of Hananeel unto the gate of the corner.

 39And the measuring line shall yet go forth over against it upon the hill Gareb, and shall compass about to Goath.

 40And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the brook of Kidron, unto the corner of the horse gate toward the east, shall be holy unto the LORD; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever. (Jeremiah 31:33-40)


G. H. Lang says it well:


“When the transgression is shut up and sins are sealed, then everlasting righteousness shall be brought in.  This will be done by the introduction of the new covenant, in accordance with which God will no longer write upon tables of stone, but put His law in the inward part of His people, and write it in their hearts” (P. 132 – The Histories and Prophecies of Daniel, Lang)


TO SEAL UP VISION AND PROPHECY DAN. 9:24 – (Lit. “the PROPHET”) – (Ref. Daniel 9:2)


“When sins are sealed up, vision and prophecy shall also be laid aside, as being no longer needed.  For it was only after sin had come into the world that prophecy was introduced as a great instrument of God in the war against it; and so, when sin is put away, prophecies also shall fail.” (Ibid.)


In Daniel 12:9 we read:  “The words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end” – this “sealing up” is not the full disclosure of the prophetic Scriptures now being unveiled . . . for in the latter days it is said:


“But you, O Daniel, shut up the words and seal the Book until the time of the end. [Then] many shall run to and fro and search anxiously [through the Book], and knowledge [of God's purposes as revealed by His prophets] shall be increased and become great” (Daniel 12:4).


No, the knowledge of God’s purposes has enlarged and have become great—the prophetic has been unsealed since the Revelation (“Seal not the sayings of this prophecy” – Rev. 22:10) – but the time shall come when the prophetic shall be no more, for sins have been sealed up and . . .


“No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, says the LORD.  For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more” (Jeremiah 31:34).


From the Spirit-Filled Bible the reference notes on I Thess. 5:20—“Do not despise prophecies” – “Strong’s 4394 – From pro, ‘forth,’ and phemi, ‘to speak.’ The primary use of the word is not predictive, in the sense of foretelling, but interpretive, declaring, or forth-telling, the will and counsel of God." (propheteia) –


Then will the anointed words of the Apostle Paul be heard:


“Love never fails.  But whether there are prophecies (forth-telling), they will cease . . . for we know in part and we prophesy in part, but when that which is perfect has come, then that which is in part will be done away” (I Cor. 13:8-10). 


Thus, the ministry of the PROPHET shall be sealed up, shall cease!  For there is no more sin, there will be no need for vision, no need for interpretation, no need for declarations, or speaking forth the will and counsel of God for from the “least to the greatest of them . . . they all shall know Me!”  The very Prophet shall be in their midst for ever!  This “confirms what the prophet saw” (The Message Version:  Daniel 9:24).




In our text, ISRAEL’S TEMPLE SACRIFICE AND THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION we covered the 1,335th Day spoken of in Daniel 12:12 and announced that the probability of this, the THIRD DEDICATION of the Temple shall be accomplished on this date (Kislev 25—Hanukkah) .  The first dedication (Feast of Lights, Hanukkah, and Feast of Dedication) took place on that first Re-dedication in 165 B.C.  – the second Re-dedication shall take place on the 250th Day into the first half of the 70th Week of Daniel’s prophecy (i.e., then there shall be 1,010 days until the Abomination of Desolation in the midst of the Week; and an additional 1,290 days in which “the daily sacrifice is taken away (1,010+1,290=2,300 days) . . . and the transgression of desolation – the giving of both the sanctuary and the host to be trampled underfoot . . . for two thousand three hundred days; then the sanctuary shall be cleansed” – Daniel 12:11; 8:13-14; 12:12).


The aforementioned chronological distribution of the Jewish Feast Days and the time frames among these prophetic happenings is astounding.  Passover commences the 70th Week and 250 days hence on Hanukkah the Third Temple is Re-dedicated; then, in the midst of the 70th Week the Abomination of Desolation will take place—this will be during the Feast of Ingathering, the Feast of Booths, of Nations, of Tabernacles.  Finally, the Eighth Passover at the end of the 70th Week will be the Resurrection and Rapture (Revelation 11:11-12; Daniel 12:2a).  At this juncture—from the 1,260th Day in the Latter Half of Daniel’s 70th Week until the 1,290th Day (i.e., 30 days) the Wrath of God and of the Lamb (Revelation 6:16-17; 11:18; 14:8, 10, 19; 15:1, 7; 16:1, 19; 18:3; 19:15) will be poured out upon the earth culminating in Armageddon - “until the consummation, which is determined, is poured out on the DESOLATOR” (Daniel 9:27, 24a; 7:26; 8:25b; 11:45; 12:12; Ezekiel 39:17-20; Rev. 16:1-21; 19:17-21).


The “Anointing of the Holy of Holies” is the final and THIRD RE-DEDICATION of the Temple and inaugurates the Millennium – the 1,000-year rule and reign of the Son of David upon the earth (Revelation 20:1-7).


It is during the 45 days between the 1,290th Day until the 1,335th Day wherein the Nations are judged and “all Israel shall be saved” (Matt. 25:31-34; Romans 11:26-27)—this is the period of the Anointing of the Most Holy Place.


This is NOT the anointing of Jesus at His Baptism – this has everything to do with the anointing of the Most Holy – the Holy of Holies as it relates to the prophecy of Daniel 9:24.


The words spoken by the Prophet Ezekiel bear WITNESS to the NATIONS, to the GENTILES of God’s unfailing covenantal promises to His ancient people Israel—the language is unmistakable, it is NOT allegorical-figurative; it is literal and it is conclusive:


“‘I will set My glory among the nations; all the nations shall see My judgment which I have executed, and My hand which I have laid on them.  So the house of Israel shall know that I am the LORD their God from that day forward.  The Gentiles shall know that the house of Israel went into captivity for their iniquity; because they were unfaithful to Me, therefore I hid My face from them.  I gave them into the hand of their enemies, and they all fell by the sword.  According to their uncleanness and according to their transgressions I have dealt with them, and hidden My face from them.’ Therefore thus says the Lord GOD:  ‘Now I will bring back the captives of Jacob, and have mercy on the whole house of Israel; and I will be jealous for My holy name—after they have borne their shame, and all their unfaithfulness in which they were unfaithful to Me, when they dwelt safely in their own land and no one made them afraid.  When I have brought them back from the peoples and gathered them out of their enemies’ lands, and I am hallowed in them in the sight of many nations, they shall know that I am the LORD their God, who sent them into captivity among the nations, but also brought them back to their land, and left none of them captive any longer.  And I will not hide My face from them anymore; for I shall have poured out My Spirit on the house of Israel,’ says the lord GOD” (Ezekiel 39:21-29).


In Ezekiel’s accounting what follows after this cleansing, after He has poured His Spirit upon the house of Israel, then Ezekiel plunges into the new city of Jerusalem and the New Temple during the Millenarian Reign.  This IS the anointing of the Holy of Holies of the Most Holy Place—“to anoint the Most Holy Place” (Daniel 9:24).  This is NOT the Baptism of Jesus by John the Baptist, nor is it the Church’s anointing as the Temple of God!


“Lastly, in the place of the tabernacle and former temples, in which the covering, or propitiation, was wont to be typified, a new Holy of Holies shall be anointed.  There is great significance in this announcement; for, although the Tabernacle of Moses was anointed, there is no mention of such a ceremony in the consecration of the temple of Solomon, the latter being regarded as a mere continuation of the former.  And it is, doubtless, for a similar reason, that we hear nothing of an anointing in the case of the Temple of Zerubbabel. 


“But the Holy of Holies of this prophecy, the innermost shrine of the grand Temple described by Ezekiel, will be no mere continuation of former Sanctuaries.


“The fact that the great Sacrifice has already been offered once for all, and that sin—as regards Israel at least—will then be shut up and sealed, will, doubtless, cause great changes in the ordinances and service.  Moreover, the Ark of the Covenant will not be found in the future Holy of Holies, neither shall it be any more remembered (Jer. 3:16); but in its place will stand the royal Throne on which the Messiah will sit as Priest (Jer. 3:17; Zech. 6:13).  And it is, probably, this last change more than all others which will involve the necessity for a fresh anointing and consecration.” (Lang - P. 132).


The final Hanukkah – the Anointing of the Most Holy – though the Ark of the Covenant is not present; yet, is the Covenant of the Lord, His Eternal Testament unveiled in the heavens forever!


“‘Then it shall come to pass, when you are multiplied and increased in the land in those days,’ says the LORD, ‘that they will say no more, ‘The ark of the covenant of the LORD.’  It shall not come to mind, nor shall they remember it, nor shall they visit it, nor shall it be made anymore.  At that time Jerusalem shall be called THE THRONE OF THE LORD, and all the nations shall be gathered to it, to the name of the LORD, to Jerusalem.  No more shall they follow the dictates of their evil hearts.  But I said:  ‘How can I put you among the children and give you a pleasant land, a beautiful heritage of the hosts of nations?’  And I said:  ‘You shall call Me, ‘My Father,’ and not turn away from Me.’” (Jeremiah 3:16-18)


“Yes, He shall build the temple of the LORD.  He shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule on His throne; so He shall be a priest on His throne, and the counsel of peace shall be between them both” (Zechariah 6:13).


“Then the temple of God was opened in heaven, and the Ark of His covenant (i.e., the Covenant of the Lord) was seen in His temple” (Revelation 11:19a).


Anointing the Most Holy is tied not only to the Ark of the Covenant in Heaven but to the Lord Himself upon the throne!  The termination of all desolations and desecrations is over – the nations have witnessed His faithfulness, mercy, justice and glory as Israel manifests His purpose, covenant and everlasting character and dealings among the children of men – the determined 70 Weeks are accomplished, the Most Holy Place has been anointed!


From the commencement of “the many” who “made a covenant with death, and with Sheol (hell) we are in agreement” – wherein “the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors have reached their fullness, a king shall arise having fierce countenance, who understands sinister schemes” (i.e., the “Abomination of Desolation” – the “Transgression of Desolation”) – who “shall destroy extraordinarily and shall prosper and thrive” even he “shall destroy the mighty, and also the holy people . . . he shall even rise against the Prince of princes” but on the 1,290th day “he shall be broken without human hand” and so shall he “come to his end, and no one will help him” for the time to “finish the transgression” has arrived, “even until the consummation, which is determined, is poured out on the DESOLATOR” for the express purpose “to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and the prophet, and to anoint The Most Holy Place” – “then the sanctuary shall be cleansed” and then, and then only shall those among “your people and your Holy City” shall be blessed on that 1,335th day – “HOSANNA, Blessed is He Who comes in the Name of the Lord” - “for two thousand three hundred evenings and mornings” have passed, (Daniel 9:27; Isaiah 28:15, 18; Daniel 8:23-24; 12:11; 8:25b; 11:45b; 9:24, 27, 24; 12:12; Matthew 21:9, 12-16; 23:37-39); behold, the 1,335th Day and the Davidic Millenarian Kingdom has arrived!




It seems by now that all these temples, altars and “graphic arks” should be driving people like Hank Hanegraaff nuts.  These graphics are not meant to provoke Amillenarians, Preterist, Postmillenarian and their Historicist allies into apoplectic, eschatological seizure but to signal the demise of the Desolator and ignite the Body of Christ in their provocation of the Jew to jealousy in that if their “diminishing is the reconciling of the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead?” (Romans 11:15)


The supercessionist sounds of a triumphal Christianity void of any understanding of the purposes of the Almighty in the culmination of His plan before Gentile World Powers pontificates through the cranial verbiage of Hank Hanegraaff as pious froth demonstrating as the Scriptures once said of those who so assiduously confirmed their vacuous grasp of the law:  “Desiring to be law-teachers, not understanding either what they say or concerning what they [so] strenuously affirm” (Darby – Tim. 1:7).


“It is for this reason that the writer of Hebrews explains in no uncertain terms that to revert to a sacrificial system is to trample the Son of God under foot, to treat as an unholy thing the blood of the covenant and to insult the spirit of grace (Hebrews 10:29; cf. Galatians 3-5; Hebrews 5:11-6:12).  The New Testament’s typological interpretation of the Old Testament thus stands as the ultimate corrective to Zionist zeal.


“The coming of Christ has forever rendered the notion of an earthly temple obsolete.  It is the savior and the saved who form the sanctuary in which the Spirit of the living God now dwells.


“The conclusion of the matter is this:  All of the types and shadows of the old covenant, including the holy land of Israel, the holy city Jerusalem, and the holy temple of God, have been fulfilled in the Holy Christ.  It is Paradise—a new heaven and a new earth (Editor’s note:  Skipping straight through any literal Millennium he goes.)—not Palestine for which our hearts yearn.  It is “the Holy city, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband” (Revelation 21:2) (And, I hasten to add having “twelve gates . . . which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel” - Revelation 21:12) upon which we fix our gaze.  And it is the Master Teacher, not a majestic temple, that forever satisfies our deepest longings . . . in light of the suggestion that the modern land of Palestine, along with its capital Jerusalem, is to be reserved exclusively for a single ethnicity, or that the temple must be rebuilt and its sacrificial system reinstituted, borders on blasphemy.  (Editor’s Note:  So vociferous is Hanegraaff’s outrage against Premillennialists and their Zionist embrace.) 


“Moreover, while the modern state of Israel has a definitive right to exist, to suggest that native Palestinians—many of whom are our sisters and brothers in Christ—must be forcibly removed from the land is not only unbiblical but unethical.  By standing on the steps of the Capitol and protesting a two-state solution in the Middle East, Christian Zionists are creating a roadblock on the pathway to peace.


“Just as it is a grievous sin to turn a blind eye to the evil of anti-Semitism, so it is a grievous sin to turn a blind eye to a theology that divides people on the basis of race rather than uniting them on the basis of righteousness, justice, and equity.” (Hank Hanegraaff, The Apocalypse Code, pp. 223-226).


Hanegraaff’s “theological logic” is now focused on Israel proper; whereas, in 1933 it would have been focused on European Jewry.  That’s “an hard saying” – but it was this very eschatology and rejectionist theology and supercessionist rhetoric which torched six million Jews, and comparably, millions of hapless Slavic peoples, along with socialists, communists, union leaders, gays, gypsies, the physically and mentally challenged and millions of those throughout Europe who dared to stand against the Nazis.


Hank’s eschatological myopia is a tragic testament embraced by an ill-prepared Church awaiting purification at the hands of an increasing onslaught of antichrists prior to the Desolator himself, whose fury and wrath against the Jew and her spiritual offspring will lead people like Hanegraaff to conclude his eschatology is bankrupt, dangerous and is the same Triumphalism that has bound the Church to this earth—in direct opposition to her heavenly calling—for the past nigh 1,700 years! 


Allow me to throw back in Hanegraaff’s eschatological face his own words to condemn his peripheral grasp of the prophetic gravitas which he so cavalierly rejects out of hand:


“It means that the whole of Scripture is greater than the sum of its individual parts.  We cannot comprehend the bible as a whole without comprehending individual passages, and we cannot comprehend individual passages apart from comprehending the Bible as a whole.  Individual passages of Scripture are synergistic rather than deflective with respect to the whole of Scripture.  Indeed, scriptural synergy demands that individual Bible passages may never be interpreted in such a way as to conflict with the whole of Scripture.  Nor may we assign arbitrary meanings to words or phrases that have their referent in biblical history.  The biblical interpreter must keep in mind that all Scripture, though communicated through various human instruments, has one single Author.  And that Author does not contradict himself nor does he confuse his servants.” (Ibid. pp. 228-9)


Accept my haughty suggestion that if Hanegraaff affirmed what he so vehemently suggests, then the sum of the parts is greater than the whole of Hank’s cleverly devised bombasts against the Jews.  Tragically, yet prophetically, the majority of Israel’s leadership will some day succumb to Hanegraaff’s transitory suggestions of “peace in our time” – thereby setting the stage for the Antichrist and the “fullness of the transgressors” to commit his/their dastardly deeds and the ultimate “Transgression of Abomination” – while, at the same unscrupulous moment embracing the title as “Prince of the Covenant” – giving Jews and Gentiles, and “left-behind-oriented Christians” the false hope of political and religious stability, equity and justice for all!


How diametrically opposite to the Apocalypse Code are the eloquent sounds of the American Lutheran pre-millenarian theologian (yes, there are many of them, by the way—would to God there would have been more of them in Nazi Germany) Joseph A. Seiss in his commentary:  The Apocalypse, An Exposition of the Book of Revelation:


“And the temple of God in heaven opened.  There is a heavenly temple and worship, from which the tabernacle and temple of the Jews was copied.  When Jehovah directed the building of them, He said to Moses:  ‘Look that thou make them after their pattern, which was showed thee in the mount’ (Ex. 25:40); and the writer of the Epistle to the Hebrews calls them ‘copies’ or likenesses of things in the heavens (Heb 9:23).  The heavenly and the earthly worship were once in close and manifest union.  It was sin that divorced them, and separated between man and the divine, excluding him from the sacred communion of Paradise, and all but the consecrated priests from the sanctuary, and all but the high priest from the holy of holies in the Jewish tabernacle and temple, and even him, except once in a year, when alone he might enter it enveloped in clouds of incense.  Sin has obscured and hidden from man the sacred and divine.  It has repulsed heaven from his view and fellowship, with only a lingering ray left here and thee, and even that so buried away as to be, for the most part, entirely unapproachable. 


“Hence, when Christ paid the ransom-price for human sin, and introduced an availing righteousness for the race, and a new dispensation of mercy and grace received its foundation-stone, the veil of the temple rent, the way into the holiest opened, and the divine began to be visible and approachable again.  And this opening of the temple in heaven at the last trumpet expresses the same idea.  Knowledge and vision of heavenly things, and closer fellowship and intimacy between the worshippers on earth and the worshippers in heaven belong to the great consummation.  As the Savior has taught us to pray, then it is to be, ‘as in heaven so on earth.’  Oneness is again to be restored between the worship of both worlds.  All this is shown in the twenty-first chapter, where the finished mystery is described.  Hence, as this trumpet begins to sound, the mists begin to lift from sacred things, the excluding barriers give way, the seclusion yields to human gaze and approach, the veil withdraws, the holy begins to disclose itself again, and the temple of heaven opens.


“And with that opening of the heavenly temple the ark of God’s covenant appears.  It is no unholy or profane exposure, but a hallowed symptom, setting forth still further the glory of the occasion.  All the compacts of God with His people, and all His solemn promises to them, are in that ark.  All His engagements, whether particular or general, are lodged and treasured there.  In that sacred casket they have long been hidden away, as Jeremiah is said to have hidden the Jewish ark when the Chaldeans took Jerusalem.  But, though buried from view, it is not lost, and its holy contents have all been preserved.  Not a promise is obsolete or dead.  And now, at the ending of time, that golden box reappears.  As the Jews believed the old ark would be brought out again in the day of Israel’s blessing, so the ark of God’s covenant is now seen in the temple on high.  A divine potency goes along with that ark.  On earth the waters of Jordan rolled asunder beneath the shadow of it.  The walls of Jericho fell down before it.  The enemies of God were scattered where it set forward.  The many thousands of Israel were in safety and blessedness where it rested.  And its appearance here is a token of the recurrence of all these wonders, only on a completer, grander, and sublimer scale.  It tells of the speedy fulfillment of all that God hath spoken, and the putting into living force of all that He has engaged to do.  Whether as respects the seed of Abraham or the Gentiles, friends or enemies, the living or the dead, the Church or the world, blessing or punishment, all that the Almighty has covenanted is now to be fulfilled.  And in token of this the ark, the sign and bearer of His promises, appears.  There could all now see the pledge of God’s remembrance of His holy covenant, and of His oath which he swore to Abraham, and of all that He hath spoken by the mouth of all His holy prophets since the world began.” (Seiss, The Apocalypse, pp. 272-3).


The “tale of the Two Apocalypses” has been given – those whose truncated eschatologies inhibit the Almighty’s final vindication (as if the forecast of the 70 Weeks were fulfilled to compensate the incapacities of Him Who “sitteth in the heavens and laughs” at the plans and purposes of these “earth dwellers” among the nations) to wrest Eden’s fall and the Desolator’s abominations from the earth and the purging of the same from the heavens – even so  “many false christs” shall come in His Name – but He abides not in the wastelands and deserts of their emasculated and shriveled assumptions but in the unalterable prophetic testament standing forth at the disclosure of the Ark of the Covenant in the Temple of God in the heavens!


And, as the false christs abound, so do their offspring who manifest the lies of their father by their cleverly devised fables and “doctrines of demons” whereby they subvert the physical seed of Abraham and garner to themselves sundry tribal entitlements, thereby doing despite to the blood of the everlasting covenant secured through the Seed, that is, “in Christ.”  Or, so stress they the “spiritual blessings in Christ” to the demise of “His brethren according to the flesh” that they in glaring fact disenfranchise the Jew altogether!  There is no future for National Israel, only, as Alan Morrison entombs:  “A hideous recognition of Jesus as Israel’s Messiah.”


They who purposefully or unwittingly conceal the blasphemer’s identity and exonerate his escapades through clever devices wherein calculations are surely systematized error (Ephesians 4:14 - Darby Version) to benefit the serpent’s unscrupulous designs against “your people and your holy city” – and whereof the Desolator delights in their prognostications in that Messiah is implicated as the One Who breaks covenant in the midst of the Week, shall on that day receive the disgrace under the final INVESTIGATION at the Bema, the Judgment Seat of Christ, prior to the Son of David’s literal rule and reign from Jerusalem or worse, the Great White Throne Judgment at the Millennium’s conclusion (Revelation 20:11-15) where He shall declare:  “I never approved of you—depart from me, ye who work iniquity!” (Luke 13:27)  So let us conclude . . .


ANTICHRIST – REFLECTIONS ON THE DESOLATOR – will on that day face his fate:


“It shall come to pass in that day that the LORD will punish on high the host of exalted ones, and on the earth the kings of the earth.  They will be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and will be shut up in the prison; after many days they will be punished.  Then the moon will be disgraced and the sun ashamed; for the LORD of hosts will reign on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem and before His elders, gloriously” (Isaiah 25:21-23).