ISRAEL’S TEMPLE SACRIFICE
THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION
ISRAEL’S TEMPLE SACRIFICE
THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION
Occasionally I get e-mails from our readers which incite a response on my part – and as iron sharpens iron – it does me well to go to and fro throughout the Book to determine the purposes of God (Daniel 12:4) as a result of these inquiries.
Yet, squabbling over the Seventy Weeks of Daniel in the midst of Israel taking out Syria’s fledging nuclear program, setting the stage for the Oracle of Damascus—egged on by President Bush’s “World War Three” statements; along with “rumors of wars” abounding in the Middle East – with the USA right in the middle of General Sanchez’s disaster zone, Iraq – with Turkey about to succumb to “Gog’s wishes” – and with the Islamic Brotherhood defining what an Islamic Republic would look like in Egypt (King of the South) – and the massive deaths caused by the attempted assassination of opposition leader and former Premier of Pakistan, Benazir Bhutto and now Gen. Pervez Musharraf’s declaration of emergency and suspension of Pakistan’s Supreme Court – all the while the dollar is collapsing in one oil sheikdom after another (including, of all nations, Qatar and Viet Nam; and oil nigh $100 p/b) – well, hardly seems like a dynamic topic on which to begin such a tome; I mean, couldn’t we get a little more relevant?
THE SEVENTY “WEEKS OF YEARS”
“Seventy ‘sevens’ are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy” (Daniel 9:24).
Well, would you believe, the Seventieth Week of Daniel out of the “seventy weeks of years” or “seventy sevens” IS relevant—more so than ever before. Ray Stedman, past friend, now awaiting his resurrection and former pastor of Peninsula Bible Church in Palo Alto, CA, makes this astute observation in his text, God’s Final Word, Understanding Revelation (Discovery House Publishers, Grand Rapids, MI, 1991, p. 141) comparing the final seven days of Jesus’ ministry with the “seventieth seven” of Daniel (or “week” – 7 days):
“This seven-year period of Daniel’s prophecy and of the Lord’s prophecy comprises the fascinating—and sometimes frightening—series of events we will explore in Revelation 6 through 19. If you read the life of Christ in the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, you will notice that fully one-third of the story is focused on a single seven-day period; the week leading up to the crucifixion. Similarly, 13 of Revelation’s 22 chapters are focused on a single seven-year “week” of time—a period which comprises the end of the history of this age.”
Now, insofar as this prophecy concerns—it is perhaps the most fought over portion of Scripture on the face of the planet (Daniel 9:24-27). Separating the 70th Week from the first two sets of weeks which total 69 weeks (7 + 62 = 69) has been extensively covered by yours truly in numerous publications (THE FUTURITY OF DANIEL’S 70TH WEEK—please see: Appendix 3 in the Visions and Prophecy of Zechariah on our site), as well as the differentiation between the “Abomination of Desolation” and the reinstitution of the sacerdotal rites (viz., the physical Third Temple of the Jews during the 70th Week of Daniel) – and, naturally, this will necessitate a further examination of mathematical gymnastics which excite an old math teacher like myself.
I conjecture from the outset, we shall more clearly understand the perplexity of Daniel and his repeated exhaustion and puzzlement on these calculations because a number of critical matters had not been resolved (i.e., had not taken place in history—such as the Festival of Lights or Feast of Rededication, Feast of Hanukkah); therefore, what he “mathematically transcribed” were matters for the future and they were literal in nature and would have to be calculated by using precise dates, times, etc.
“And the vision of the evenings and mornings which was told is true; therefore seal up the vision, for it refers to many days in the future” (Daniel 8:26).
How far into the future is what disturbs – without the separation of the ENTIRE Seventieth Week of Daniel from the other 69 Weeks (lit. “weeks of years”) the book of Daniel itself, large portions of the writings of the Hebrew prophets (both before and after Daniel’s writings), and most certainly, the entire book of Revelation, along with segments of the gospels and the epistles, would leave the reader in metaphorical “la la land” or in utter despair that any of this “stuff” makes sense. One of the most pivotal points of the entire Seventieth Week is that infamous expression: THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION (Daniel 11:31)—what does it mean and does it have a future application and is that application multifaceted?
THE NATURE OF THE TEMPLE – THE HUMAN BODY AND LITERAL TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM
Before we delve into Daniel’s numerical quagmire, let us understand the profound nature of the Hebrew Temple/Tabernacle and the design of man – for without this fundamental understanding, we will be bereft of understanding the INTENT of Scripture to convey to us these profound and prophetic insights. And, again, I resort to such discoveries as the literal fulfillment of Bible prophecy itself in the “end of days” – to wit:
“But you, O Daniel, shut up the words and seal the Book until the time of the end. [Then] many shall run to and fro and search anxiously [through the Book], and knowledge [of God's purposes as revealed by His prophets] shall be increased and become great” (Daniel 12:4).
Our consideration pivots on the definition of the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION spoken of by Daniel the Prophet, which gained immense credibility by its rehearsal from the mouth of Jesus Himself (Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14).
Daniel’s references include the following:
“‘How long will the vision be, concerning the daily sacrifices and the transgression of desolation, the giving of both the sanctuary and the host to be trampled underfoot?’ And he said to me, ‘for two thousand three hundred days, then the sanctuary shall be cleansed.’” (Daniel 8:13-14).
Now, we must understand these references in the context of Daniel 8:26 –
“And vision of the evenings and mornings which was told is true; therefore seal up the vision, for it refers to many days in the future.”
I repeat this text, because so many so-called “Higher Biblical Critics” would lead us to believe that Daniel’s text is NOT inspired and that it is in whole or part a series of fabrications. I believe Sir Robert Anderson’s refutations to higher criticism have adequately addressed this assault upon Daniel’s prophetic inspirations.
Likewise, not a few evangelical expositors would confine these passages and their fulfillment to the Maccabean period during the reign of Antiochus IV, proto-type of the Antichrist himself (cir. 168-165 BC), or to immediate events exclusively limited to the ancient world. However, these prophetic prognostications are indeed “many days in the future” and conclude at the “end of days” (Daniel 8:17, 19; 11:6, 35, 40, 45; 12:4, 9, 13).
THE GRECO-ROMAN NATURE OF ANTICHRIST
Furthermore, Daniel 8:13-14 must be viewed within the backdrop of the Antichrist himself, yet future—the “Greco nature” of Antichrist (for he is both Roman and Greek – i.e., Greco-Roman—Daniel 8:8 and Daniel 7:23-25 and 7:7-8). This definitive must be viewed BOTH in the context of a KINGDOM and a KING – both as Empires (Roman and Greek) as well as a personification, as the King or Emperor. And, in sum, the GENTILE WORLD POWERS as domiciled within that civilization that is entitled THE WEST – viz., GRECO-ROMAN MAN or GRECO-ROMAN CIVILIZATION. This specificity is borne out in the eruption of the “little horn” or “younger horn” of the aforementioned passages which speak of both a kingdom and a king.
“Therefore the male goat grew very great; but when he became strong, the large horn was broken, and in place of it four notable ones came up toward the four winds of heaven (undoubtedly this refers to the breakup of the Empire of Alexander the Great following his demise—Seleucid or Syrian, extending to the outer reaches toward India; Thrace (Turkey and parts of Europe); Macedonian (primarily Greece); and, Egyptian (Ptolemy)). And out of one of them came a little horn which grew exceedingly great toward the south, toward the east, and toward the Glorious Land (NOTE: This initial outburst alludes to Antiochus Epiphanes IV who is “morphed” into the Latter Day’s Antichrist – hence, proto-type of the vessel of the Beast.) And it grew up to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and some of the stars to the ground, and trampled them. He even exalted himself as high as the Prince of the host; and by him the daily sacrifices were taken away, and the place of His sanctuary was cast down. Because of transgression, an army was given over to the horn to oppose the daily sacrifices; and he cast truth down to the ground. He did all this and prospered” (Daniel 8:8-12).
It again must be emphasized that the GRECO nature of this “man” by no means permits the eschatologist to assign him a SYRIAN designation, yet future—and worse, a SYRIAN JEW! The morphing of Antiochus Epiphanes IV is altogether obvious because he is in abject contrast with the “Prince of the host” (Daniel 8:11). The adumbrative language is divinely designed to catapult the reader into the time of the final ANTICHRIST juxtaposed to THE CHRIST! Antiochus Epiphanes IV was a Greek, not a Jew!
The casting down of “some of the host and some of the stars to the ground” (Daniel 8:10), and thence trampling them asunder, exposes the supernatural character of this awful creature, who, behind it all, is Satan himself!
“And another sign appeared in heaven: behold, a great, fiery red dragon having seven heads and ten horns, and seven diadems on his heads. His tail drew a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth . . . and war broke out in heaven: Michael and his angels fought with the dragon; and the dragon and his angels fought, but they did not prevail, nor was a place found for them in heaven any longer. So the great dragon was cast out, that serpent of old, called the Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was cast to the earth, and his angels were cast out with him” (Revelation 12:3-4a, 7-9).
Be it carefully noted that the casting out of the fallen angelic beings with Satan are depicted in their most grotesque appearance mid-way through the 70th Week of Daniel’s prophecy at the manifestation of the Beast himself (more of this later).
Thus, the revelation of his GRECO-NATURE – as “little” or “younger horn” – and again, let us consider the ROMAN aspect of this, the ultimate PRINCE OF THE COVENANT, THE PRINCE WHO IS TO COME (Daniel 11:22; 9:26) – for the SECULAR (Greek) shall merge with the RELIGIOUS (Roman) – and thus CHURCH (Roman) and STATE (Greek) shall merge into one personage in the Latter Days . . .
Let’s be clear – Western Civilization has been clearly demarcated and fraught with domestic tension by its Greco-Roman character from its rudimentary beginnings, especially in its “revived” outcropping in these United States of America, from the very birth of the experiment!
It is no historical secret that Rome’s propensity to religion in its effort to solidify political power was pervasive; whereas the Greeks aspired to the profane, the philosophical, the arts, the promiscuous, the “relative juxtaposed to the absolute”—religion to them was, at best, peripheral and intriguing, but to the Romans it was all-encompassing and mandatory, to the extent that Emperor worship became the Roman way – and later, the evolution of the separation of “what is Caesar’s unto Caesar” – leading to the “doctrine of the Two Swords” (the Church and the State in separation—vying for influence, the one against the other or using the one to validate the other). Here, the State seeks the “moral covering” of the Church to justify its conquests vis-à-vis the Church “using the State” to ingratiate her powers and prestige. In essence by incorporating the Greek, along side the Roman produced the Western GRECO-ROMAN MAN, and Western Civilization’s “essence.”
Now – the ROMAN aspect of this “Willful King” is revealed in this rather lengthy discourse found in Daniel 7:7-8; 19-27 (worth your reading):
“After this I saw in the night visions, and behold, a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, exceedingly strong. It had huge iron teeth; it was devouring, breaking in pieces, and trampling the residue with its feet. (Note: We affirm this Beast to be that of John’s Roman Empire--successor to all Gentile World Powers as found in the description of the Beast in Revelation 13:2). It was different from all the beasts that were before it, and it had ten horns. I was considering the horns, and there was another horn, a little (or “younger”) one, coming up among them, before whom three of the first horns were plucked out of the roots. And there, in this horn, were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking pompous words . . . then I wished to know the truth about the fourth beast, which was different from all the others, exceedingly dreadful, with its teeth of iron and its nails of bronze, which devoured, broke in pieces, and trampled the residue with its
feet; and the ten horns which were on its head, and the other horn which came up, before which three fell, namely, that horn which had eyes and a mouth which spoke pompous words, whose appearance was greater than his fellows. I was watching; and the same horn was making war against the saints, and prevailing against them, until the Ancient of Days came, and a judgment was made in favor of the saints of the Most High, and the time came for the saints to possess the kingdom . . . The fourth beast shall be a fourth kingdom on earth, which shall be different from all other kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, trample it and break it in pieces. The ten horns are ten kings who shall arise from this kingdom. And another shall rise after them; he shall be different from the first ones, and shall subdue three kings. He shall speak pompous words against the Most High, shall persecute the saints of the Most High, and shall intend to change times and law. Then the saints shall be given into his hand for a time and times and half a time. But the court shall be seated, and they shall take away his dominion to consume and destroy it forever. Then the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people, the saints of the Most High. His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey Him.”
This is the ROMAN complexion of Western civilization. It must be recognized that the breaking fourth of this final Beast is BOTH a composition of the evolution of Gentile World Powers as seen in the original three beasts (the Lion-Babylon; the Bear-Medo-Persia; and the Leopard-Greece) – as found in Revelation 13:2:
“Now the beast (which arose from the abyss) which I saw was like a leopard, his feet were like the feet of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion . . . The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority.”
These three compositions—with the GRECO aspect predominating (for the body was that of a leopard)—constitute the EXPRESSION of Gentile World Power and are a COMPOSITE of that final FOURTH BEAST itself, having “seven heads and ten horns” (Revelation 13:1). Please, be very clear—this “Beast” “is according to the working of Satan, with all power, signs, and lying wonders” (II Thessalonians 2:9) and is, therefore, described as such in both Revelation 12:3 and Revelation 13:1 as virtually one in the same!
“And another sign appeared in heaven: behold, a great, fiery red dragon having seven heads and ten horns, and seven diadems on his heads . . . And I saw a beast rising up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and on his horns ten crowns, and on his heads a blasphemous name.”
What you see in Daniel is both the immediate Roman Empire (the FOURTH BEAST) and the eruption of the “little horn” out from his roots within the GRECO-ROMAN world of the past and immediate present – in sum:
(1) He is GRECO-ROMAN man –
(2) This is the ultimate expression of Gentile World Power: GRECO-ROMAN CIVILIZATION
(3) This FOURTH BEAST was Rome – but his final manifestation, the ultimate GENTILE WORLD POWER expression is separate from the ten horns who will themselves be given power with the 11th Horn (Revelation 17:12-13), for this 11th by this time is clearly known not as the FOURTH BEAST but as THE BEAST and the Ten Horns are so closely identified with him that they in turn are referred to as THE BEAST (“then I stood on the sand of the sea. And I saw a beast rising up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns . . .” Revelation 13:1). But the Revelation is succinct in Chapter 17:
“I will tell you the mystery of the woman, and of the beast that carriers her, which has the seven heads and the ten horns. The beast that you saw was, and is not, and will ascend out of the bottomless pit and go to perdition . . . when they see the beast that was, and is not, and yet is . . . the beast that was, and is not, is himself also the eighth, and is of the seven, and is going to perdition . . . The ten horns which you saw are ten kings who have received no kingdom as yet, but they receive authority for one hour as kings with the beast” (Revelation 17:7b-8, 11-12).
The “association” between the ten horns and the eleventh horn – between the Beast himself and the 10-toed Image of the Beast – between the Beast Nation (11th Horn) and the original 10 Horns/10 Toes (the Gentile World Powers, primarily of the West—in that these ten toes proceed out of the Iron Legs of the Image (Roman Empire) and are partly iron (stronger nations) and partly clay (weaker nations))—is prophetically and hermeneutically irrefutable!
And, again, I repeat, the uncanny and threefold repetition of the expression “uprooting three horns” prior to his ignoble expression (Daniel 7:8, 20, 24) and manifestation on the world scene. We have extensively covered the ten-toed, ten-horned IMAGE-BEAST and conjectured that the “walking of the Image” upon the face of the whole earth was the advance of Western Civilization, as the Image of Nebuchadnezzar clearly depicts the rise of Gentile World Power and its juxtaposition to Israel and subsequent “treading down of Jerusalem, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.” (Luke 21:24; Revelation 11:2)
This ten-toed Image did in fact walk the planet and colonized the world with its civilization. And, out from these TEN TOES (Daniel 2:33-35, 41-45), from these TEN HORNS, comes forth the 11th – the Beast – ultimately, as its leader, but assuredly as the BEAST NATION. And, in so doing, in becoming this BEAST NATION, he ripped out three of the other authorities, powers, horns to make room for himself – to, if you would, BIRTH HIS NATION STATE!
Therefore, in this discussion, it is not an absurd conclusion that such a birthing of this final end-time’s BEAST NATION—the culmination of Gentile World Power (hence, of Western Civilization)—has the uncanny resemblance and historical distinction to be none other than the United States of America, who “ripped out” Britain, France and Spain to make room for its manifestation on the world scene.
THE BEAST – HOW DID HE GET HIS TITLE?
But it is the very BEAST himself which constitutes our discussion in depth—for his title, THE BEAST, does not occur except at mid-point into the 70th Week of Daniel’s prophecy; therefore, the reading of this compilation of passages is vital to the understanding of Daniel’s 70th Week.
“And I will give power to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy one thousand two hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth (Revelation 11:3—NOTE: It is imperative to understand that this occurs at the commencement of Daniel’s 70th Week, and NOT the latter half, for the Two Witnesses are at this time NOT AT WAR with the Beast) “. . . when they (the Two Witnesses) finish their testimony, the beast that ascends out of the bottomless pit will make war against them, overcome them, and kill them” (Revelation 11:7) “. . . it was granted to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them” (Revelation 13:7) “. . . and the dragon was enraged with the woman, and he went to make war with the rest of her offspring, who keep the commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus” (Revelation 12:17) “. . . I was watching; and the same horn (i.e., the 11th) was making war against the saints, prevailing against them” (Dan. 7:21) . . . “then the saints shall be given into his hand for a time and times and half a time” (Daniel 7:25) “. . . and by him the daily sacrifices were taken away, and the place of His sanctuary (i.e., His temple) was cast down. Because of transgression, an army was given over to the horn to oppose the daily sacrifices; and he cast truth down to the ground. He did all this and prospered. Then I heard a holy one speaking and another holy one said to that certain one who was speaking, ‘How long will the vision be, concerning the daily sacrifices and the transgression of desolation, the giving of both the sanctuary and the host to be trampled underfoot?’ . . . ‘And he said to me, ‘For two thousand three hundred days; then the sanctuary shall be cleansed’” (Daniel 8:11-14) “. . . he shall destroy the mighty, and also the holy people” (Daniel 8:24b) “. . . But in the middle of the week he shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate, even until the consummation, which is determined, is poured out on the DESOLATOR” (Daniel 9:27) “. . . And forces shall be mustered by him, and they shall defile the sanctuary fortress, and they shall take away the daily sacrifice, and place there the abomination of desolation. And those who do wickedly against the covenant he shall corrupt with flattery; but the people who know their God shall be strong, and carry out great exploits. And those of the people who understand shall instruct many; yet for many days they shall fall by sword and flame, by captivity and plundering. Now when they fall, they shall be aided with a little help; but many shall join with them by intrigue. And some of those of understanding shall fall, to refine them, purify them, and make them white, until the TIME OF THE END; because it is still for the appointed time” Daniel 11:31-35) “. . . and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation, even to that time” (Daniel 12:4) “. . . Then I, Daniel, looked; and there stood two others, one on this riverbank and the other on that riverbank. And one said to the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, ‘How long shall the fulfillment of these wonders be?’ Then I heard the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand to heaven, and swore by Him who lives forever, that it shall be for a time, times, and half a time; and when the power of the holy people has been completely shattered, all these things shall be finished” (Daniel 12:5-7) “. . . Many shall be purified, made white, and refined, but the wicked shall do wickedly; and none of the wicked shall understand, but the wise shall understand. And from the time that the daily sacrifice is taken away, and the abomination of desolation is set up, there shall be one thousand two hundred and ninety days (i.e., 30 days beyond time, times and half a time, or beyond the 1,260 days or 42 months, or 3.5 years or 3.5 days of the “week of years”). Blessed is he who waits, and comes to the one thousand three hundred and thirty five days (i.e., 45 days beyond the 1,290 days or 75 days beyond the 1,260 days)” (Daniel 12:10-12).
WHICH TEMPLE – MAN’S OR JERUSALEM’S OR BOTH?
It is our realization that the final half of Daniel’s 70th Week begins at the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION and its apparent, and perhaps murky identification with Feast of Tabernacles (or Feast of Booths or Nations or Feast of Ingathering; known as SUKKOT) at the literal Third Temple in Jerusalem, midway through the 70th Week of Daniel’s prophecy in which an abominable image in that rededicated Temple is erected (akin to the Romans setting up a statue of Jupiter or of the Greeks, Zeus, in the Temple in Jerusalem—please clearly note the only two notable times of such desecration in history past were done by the Greeks (Antiochus IV Epiphanes) and then by the Romans (Pompey—i.e., GRECO-ROMAN).
Let it be understood, at this juncture—from this vantage—there are TWO DIMENSIONS involved in the cosmic struggle between the Prince of Peace and the Prince of the Covenant: The HEAVENLY and the EARTHLY. As Israel answers to the earth before Gentile World Powers—the desecration of the Third Temple is in view. As the Church answers to the heavens before Principalities and Powers in High Places—the desecration of the human spirit and the “spiritual” incarnation of Satan into the body of Antichrist is in view. BOTH are the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION; BOTH attest to the conflict in the heavens and the earth!
Therefore, subsequent desecration of that temple and termination of the sacerdotal rites has an additional—a far more profound meaning embedded within the phrase: ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION, as alluded to by Paul the Apostle found in II Thessalonians 2:3-4, other than simply the aforementioned desecration akin to that of the Greeks and Romans—i.e., the erecting of an Image (even the “Image of the Beast”) in the literal Third Temple (or the “Tribulation Temple”) is one thing, for sure, but we affirm that Paul and Jesus and Daniel had something far more sinister in view . . .
“Let no one deceive you by any means; for that day will not come unless the falling away comes first, and the man of sin is revealed, the son of perdition, who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God or that is worshiped, so that he sits as God in the temple (Greek: naos-see below) of God, showing himself that he is God.”
Here, the Greek word for temple is NOT the literal temple in Jerusalem (John 2:14-15 – Strong’s 2411 – hieron) but the same word that Jesus uses when referring to the temple of His body (John 2:19-21 – Strong’s 3485 – naos) . . .
“And He found in the temple (hieron) those who sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers doing business. When He had made a whip of cords, He drove them all out of the temple (hieron), with the sheep and the oxen, and poured out the changers’ money and overturned the tables . . . Jesus answered and said to them, ‘Destroy this temple (naos), and in three days I will raise it up . . . But He was speaking of the temple (naos) of His body.”
However, of keen interest is Strong’s definition or fuller meaning of naos and of hieron when expanding upon both:
“hieron – neut. of 2413: a sacred place, i.e., the entire precincts (whereas 3485 (naos) denotes the CENTRAL SANCTUARY ITSELF) of the Temple (at Jerusalem or elsewhere)—temple (my emphasis) (cf. Luke 23:45).”
Throughout the Revelation the word for temple is naos!
Paul clearly alludes to the temple as both the singular human body, as well as the “corporate body” –
“Do you not know that you are the temple (singular temple – naos) of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you? If anyone defiles the temple (naos) of God, God will destroy him. For the temple (naos) of God is holy, which temple (naos) you are” (I Cor. 3:17-18).
“Or do you not know that your body is the temple (singular temple - naos) of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and you are not your own” (I Cor. 6:19).
“And what agreement has the temple (corporate temple – naos) of God with idols? For you are the temple (corporate temple– naos) of the living God. As God has said: I will dwell in them and walk among them. I will be their God, and they shall be My people” (II Cor. 6:16). The first and second temples (Davidic-Solomonic and Post-Neo-Babylonian Captivity-Herodian) were tripartite: the outer court, the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies—the innermost sanctuary. It is this veil which separated the Holy Place from the Holy of Holies (or the Holiest of All) that was torn:
“ . . . the veil of the temple was torn in two” (Luke 23:45b).
Even so, the “Tent of Meeting” or the “tabernacle” of ancient Israel was tripartite.
MAN IS SPIRIT, SOUL AND BODY
Now – the nature of man himself is tripartite – and herein lies the profound truth of the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION!
As the Temple was so constructed – and the Tabernacle or “Tent of Meeting” was so patterned – so is man – (1) body; (2) soul; and (3) spirit.
The “spirit of man” is his innermost sanctuary – so “that which is born of the Spirit (big “S”) is spirit” (little “s”) – John 3:6.
“Now may the God of peace Himself sanctify you completely; and may your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ” (I Thessalonians 5:23). (Note:
In the Greek the successive conjunctions are used, giving credence to the tripartite nature of man.)
“And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground (body), and
breathed into his nostrils the breath of life (spirit); and man became a living being (soul)” (Genesis 2:7).
For modern Judaism to deny the tripartite nature of man and “sentence it” to a “Greek concept” is ludicrous—given the construction of the Temple and the very design of man’s creation in the garden (Genesis 1:26-27; 9:6).
Man is NOT simply a body with a soul – man is made in the IMAGE OF GOD (notwithstanding modern Judaism’s denial thereof) – as God is Triune (and herein is Judaism’s difficulty with the tripartite nature of man), so man is divinely designed to commune with the Almighty. Today, we experience the new birth, by being “born from above – born anew” (John 3:3) by the Spirit of the Living God – the REGENERATION of our human spirit; and thus begins the transforming process of SANCTIFICATION of the human soul (II Corinthians 3:17-18); and, finally, we await the day of full redemption of our bodies and their ultimate TRANSFIGURATION (“glorification” – Romans 8:30; 8:23). The Baptists are right: We have been saved (regeneration of the human spirit); we are being saved (transformation of the human soul); and, we will be saved (the transfiguration or glorification of the human body – on that day).
THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION
And so, “when SATAN ENTERED INTO JUDAS” – and he was referred to by Jesus as the “son of perdition” – just where did “Satan entered into him?”
Indeed, Satan is a “spirit being” – make no doubt about this! His manifestations are many – but his “essence” is spirit (I John 4:3). Therefore, he “entered into Judas as spirit” and from that moment on Judas became the “son of perdition” (i.e., of utter desolation, destruction, without possibility for communion with God or redemption) (See: Luke 22:3; John 17:12).
When Paul speaks of the SON OF PERDITION, this is not done loosely – it is not even done for effect – it is done with the profound Pauline understanding of man as the TEMPLE OF GOD, to be possessed and inhabited by the Spirit of God in man’s INNERMOST SANCTUARY—with the antithesis of that divine purview usurped by Satan as a spirit entering into the Antichrist, and committing the awful ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION, the desecration of his innermost sanctuary!
Therefore – read these passages with that in mind:
“Let no one deceive you by any means; for that Day will not come unless the falling away comes first, and the man of sin is revealed, the SON OF PERDITION, who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God or that is worshiped, so that he sits as God in the temple (naos) of God, showing himself that he is God” (II Thessalonians 2:3-4).
And this cannot be separated from the succeeding verses which reveal all the more how wicked is this detestable act of ABOMINATION – this ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION – this DESECRATION OF THE TEMPLE OF MAN to cause the entitlement: THE SON OF PERDITION!
“And now you know what is restraining (Restraining what? – Restraining the revelation and causation of the SON OF PERDITION – for it is not Roman government which restrains – neither is it the exclusive presence of the Holy Spirit and His so-called “rapture of the Church” at this juncture prior to the revelation of the MAN OF SIN which is at stake in this passage), that he (the SON OF PERDITION – THE ANTICHRIST – THE MAN OF SIN) may be revealed in his own time. For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work; only He who now restrains (and that is assuredly the Holy Spirit Who keeps the “spirit of man” for His own sanctuary and fellowship) will do so until He is taken out of the way (i.e., “Out of the way” of what? Out of the way of literally “blocking” the human spirit from the incarnation of Satan himself into man’s temple—specifically this man’s temple – the SON OF PERDITION) . . . and THEN (after the Holy Spirit removes Himself from blocking the innermost sanctuary of this man from the “spirit of antichrist,” this man’s human spirit, originally designed for eternal fellowship with the Almighty) the lawless one (indeed, is this not the MYSTERY OF LAWLESSNESS or MYSTERY OF INIQUITY (II Thess. 2:7) juxtaposed to the MYSTERY OF GODLINESS (I Tim. 3:16)) . . . is according to the working of Satan (THERE HE IS!), with all power, signs, and lying wonders, and with all unrighteous deception among those who perish, because they did not receive the love of the truth, that they might be saved. And for this reason God will send them strong delusion, that they should believe THE LIE” (II Thessalonians 2:6-11).
SATAN HAS OCCUPIED THE HOLY OF HOLIES – he has committed the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION – Antichrist has become the SON OF PERDITION, the LAWLESS ONE, and the MAN OF SIN. And with this embodiment, commences the persecution of the saints of the Most High, the termination of the Two Witnesses – all of which we have sequenced in the aforementioned segments of this tome.
Download PDF Copy of our “Tribulation Chart” (above)
THE MATHEMATICS OF THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM
The ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION – the revelation of the Man of Sin – the pronouncement of THE BEAST in the midst of the 70th Week of Daniel’s prophecy – does NOT circumvent the terrestrial events during Daniel’s final Week!
A thorough study of the final events leading up to Armageddon – that final 30 days beyond the 1,260 or through to the 1,290th day (Daniel 12:11) wherein it is clearly said . . .
“And from the time that the daily sacrifice is taken way, and the abomination of desolation is set up, there shall be one thousand two hundred and ninety days” (Daniel 12:11).
. . . which is the time of Messiah’s Coming – the period known as the WRATH OF THE LAMB (those 30 awful days) where the desolation will persist until His return and subsequent judgment of the nations and future Millenarian bliss (45 days beyond the 1,290 days or the 1,335th day—Daniel 12:12; Matthew 25:31-46; Micah 4:1-13).
From these passages we can ascertain the “signs of the times” to anticipate prophetic fulfillment (Matthew 16:2-3—“. . . . discern the signs of the times”) – So much for “not knowing” the day nor the hour of His coming (Mark 13:32) – apparently, we can know the “signs of the times” – we might be “off” by days or hours; not bad, given the immensity of the time frame.). And, yes, I am intensely familiar with the “date setting” fallacies of folks like Harold Camping and the Jehovah Witnesses, which distract from the “signs of the times” brethren, like The Tribulation Network—we do NOT predict Christ’s precise date of return in any way shape or form – but “times and season” – you better believe we are keen on this matter!
THE 250 DAYS
There are some amazing parallels and possibilities—keeping in mind that the Biblical/Prophetic year is 360 days.
“And he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week (7 years) and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the offering to cease: and on a corner of the altar desolating abominations even until the end” (Daniel 9:27).
The “treaty” or “covenant” which will commence the 70th Week of Daniel will not only include a “security pact” between Antichrist and Israel but will have within its promise the restoration of the sacerdotal rites of the Temple! We believe that this will be shortly after the Oracle of Damascus/the Burden of Damascus (Zechariah 9; Isaiah 17-18) which will result in the following:
(1) The demise of “secular Zionism” – Isaiah 17:4
(2) The destruction of Syria, along with her allies – Lebanon/Hezbollah; Gaza/Hamas; and the “Stronghold of Ephraim” – the West Bank (Zechariah 9)
(3) “Arab and World Revival” – Isaiah 17:7-8
(4) The commencement of a major “peace offensive” by the “land . . . beyond the rivers of Ethiopia” who will “send ambassadors by sea” – these people are “a nation tall and smooth (clean shaven) of skin . . . a people terrible from their beginning onward, a nation powerful and treading down, whose land the rivers divide” (or literally “is laid out in grids” as a surveyor would so measure) – we affirm that people to be the leader of the West (viz., the United States of America – Isaiah 18:1-7) (Note: And, be it known that this same nation, and its people, will do the following: “in that time a present will be brought to the Lord of hosts . . . to the place of the name of the Lord of hosts, to Mount Zion” (we conjecture this to be the allies of Israel, the Christian Zionists, who hail, in the main, from the same nation who orchestrates the “peace settlement” and whose leader can be none other than “The Prince of the Covenant.”
(5) The rebuilding of the Temple – i.e., “The THIRD Temple” or, as some who stretch the title of its identification: “the Tribulation Temple.”
The “religious dimension” of the “literal temple in Jerusalem” is mandatory because of the reinstitution of the “daily sacrifice” which will be terminated in the midst of the 70th Week itself. The revival of “temple worship” and “temple sacrifice” will likewise invigorate, in earnest, the reintroduction of the Jewish calendar in celebration of their feast days—a 360-day Biblical calendar. Now, whether the Jews will keep their Feast Days or Feast-Day Calendar does not determine the prophetic calendar of the Almighty at the close of the age.
The three-and-one-half years from the time of the signing of the “treaty” (Isaiah 24:15, 18; Daniel 9:27) – which the Almighty views as utterly disgusting – since Israel’s reliance will be upon Antichrist and not upon Jehovah alone, will initiate the “official rebuilding” of the Third Temple by the infamous “Prince of the Covenant” (Daniel 11:22)—the Antichrist. Therefore, there is BOTH a political (“defense treaty” – with earthly ramifications embedded in the “pact”) and a “spiritual dimension” or “religious dimension” linked to the “covenant.” Hence, the title: “Prince of the Covenant” where the “Prince” connotes the political aspect of his title; and, “Covenant” which connotes the spiritual element of the accord. Not only is Israel’s “security” at stake, but the building of their temple is in view—Antichrist, as Prince of the Covenant, will guarantee both!
Yes, once again, mixed in with the religion of Jehovah (although the Temple’s “redemptive value” will be greatly diminished—yet there is a foreseeable hope in that its final “cleansing” (Daniel 8:14) sanctifies its intent—for in its final Rededication (Festival of Lights/Hanukkah) at the close of the 1,335th day, this cleansed Temple welcomes in the Messianic Era. There is this “religious expression” (though it is tainted by the Evil One); yet, there is the true anticipation of Messiah’s Coming. But when will the “temple worship” commence?
WHEN WILL “THE SACRIFICE” COMMENCE?
We know that Daniel’s seven-year treaty equals 2,520 days (seven prophetic 360-day years); the “midst” of that period falls on day 1,260. Again, Daniel 12:11 describes the period of Great Tribulation (Matt. 24:21; Revelation 7:14)—from the time the sacrifice is terminated (Daniel 9:27; 12:11) until the end of trampling asunder the host (Daniel 8:13b)—30 days beyond the second 1,260 days or unto the 1,290th day.
“And from the time the regular sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that makes desolate set up, 1,290 days shall occur”
This adds 30 days to the end of the seven years.
The calculation in question is this: What is the time frame from the time the actual “temple worship” commences (i.e., the daily sacrifice) and the furthermost extension of the desolation?
“How long will the vision be, concerning the daily sacrifices and the transgression of desolation, the giving of both the sanctuary and the host to be trampled underfoot?” (Daniel 8:13b)
It might be viewed in this manner:
THE TIME THE SACRIFICE COMMENCES + 1290 days = TOTAL DAYS (Daniel 8:13)
Therefore we are obliged to “count backwards” in order to account for the 2,300 days hereunder mentioned wherein the temple sacrifice was reinstituted and lasted up through the mid-point of Daniel’s 70th Week until the completion of the abomination or until the 1,290th day or the end of desolations.
“For 2,300 evenings and mornings, (a Jewish day begins at sundown, an evening and a morning are parts of one day—for Genesis says that “and the evening and the morning were the first day”), then the sanctuary will be vindicated (i.e., “cleansed”)” (Daniel 8:14).
Again, the question was asked in Daniel 8:13: How long will the vision be, concerning the daily sacrifices AND the transgression of desolation – i.e., two items are added together:
(1) “The giving of both the sanctuary” (the time the sacrifice starts) – added
to. . .
(2) “. . . and the host to be trampled underfoot?” = The 1,290 days of desolations - (Daniel 8:13)
Yes, we are counting backwards in order to ascertain how long the sacerdotal rites will actually be reinstituted – and, to do this, we would also discover how far from the “signing of the treaty”–how long it will take before those rites are implemented. Thusly, two specific time frames:
(1) The length of time from the signing of the treaty to the start of the sacrifices; and,
(2) the length of time the sacrifices actually are implemented prior to their termination at the mid-point of the 70th Week. I hope we are all clear here?
O.K., class, let’s do the math:
2,300 days (Sacrifices commence until the sanctuary is cleansed from
abominations) – Daniel 8:13-14
-1,290 days (From the “time that the daily sacrifice is taken away, and
the (same time) that the abomination of desolation is set up”
1,010 days (days left in the first half of the 70th Week of Daniel – or from the time the sacrifice commences until the middle of the Seventieth Week of Daniel, when the abomination is set up)
So, at least we now know that from the START OF THE SACRIFICE to the mid-point of the 70th Week (the time when the sacrifice is terminated—i.e., the time of the Abomination of Desolation) there are 1,010 days. Let’s check our work:
1,010 days (or from the start of the sacrifice to the mid-point of
Daniel’s 70th week)
+1,290 days (or from the abomination of desolation until the sanctuary
shall be cleansed)
=2,300 days (Daniel 8:13-14)
So, how many days are there from the “signing of the treaty” until the commencement of the “daily sacrifice?” Let’s calculate:
1,260 days (or the first half of Daniel’s 70th Week)
-1,010 days (or the time between the start of the sacrifice until the
Abomination of Desolation or the mid-point of Daniel’s 70th
= 250 days (or from the time the “treaty is signed” until the time
the “daily sacrifice” commences or, if you would, the
Rededication of the temple occurs)
Have I lost you yet?
This leaves 250 days from the start of the “seven-year treaty” until the time that the Levite priests commence the sacerdotal rites of the Third Temple.
To build a temple of this magnitude within a 250-day time frame would be exceedingly difficult; therefore, there is PERHAPS the prospect that such “building” will have commenced shortly after the Oracle of Damascus (which occurs some time before the commencement of the Seventieth Week of Daniel). And, notwithstanding the fastidious preparations now underway by devout Jews in preparing themselves, the utensils, and the prefabricated materials for just such a temple—it seems that more time might be needed to commence such a magnificent structure (though 250 days could accomplish the fete, given the commitment of the devout).
But surely, if the Jews decided to accelerate their efforts at the Temple’s rebuilding—and in spite of the immediate implications wrought by the Oracle of Damascus—Islamic trepidation regarding the Temple’s erection would be cataclysmic; hence, all the more need for the “peace offensive” by the Prince of the Covenant (a.k.a. the Antichrist) who will champion the rebuilding of the temple and, in essence, legitimize (and protect) the on-going construction of the Temple (no wonder then, that he is entitled: The Prince of the Covenant – Daniel 11:22).
Here’s another way to calculate the commencement or rededication date of the “daily sacrifice” –
Yes, it will be nigh a year (250 days) from the signing of that treaty until the general public, the world population, will see the “regular sacrifice.”
THE JEWISH FEAST DAYS – PASSOVER – HANUKKAH - TABERNACLES
Can we possibly foresee an “accurate timeline” within the feasts of Israel in anticipation of the unfolding of the Seventieth Week of Daniel?
Now, let us consider the following into our calculations—taking into account the “Jewish Feast Days”—since their temple is at stake in this drama—i.e., under strict Mosaic law, and in accordance with their “Feast Day Calendar” they will effect the commencement of the cleansing of the Temple area, as well as the start of the sacrifice.
There are precisely 250 days between the Feast of Passover (Nisan 14/15),
and the Feast of Rededication (Chanukah or Hanukkah or the Festival of Lights) which would fall on Chisleu 25 (or Kislev 25); this is, of course, based upon a 360-day “prophetic year.” (Note: This is between April into December.)
Although the chart below does NOT list Hanukkah as one of the chief “Feasts” or “Festivals” of the “Calendar of the Feasts of Israel” – it is,
nevertheless, one of the more significant ones because of its association with the “cleansing of the temple” under Judah Maccabee, and his commencement of this “Festival of Lights” as a major acclamation of the defeat of the prototype of the Antichrist, Antiochus IV Epiphanes!
This is somewhat conjecture; however, the calculations lead us to affirm this possibility in that 250 days constitute a major chronological time frame in the Jewish religious/feast calendar. Likewise, it is only between Passover-Pesach and the Feast of Rededication/Feast of Lights-Hanukkah/Chanukah that a precise 250-day time frame exists between major Jewish feasts on the Jewish religious calendar (i.e., Nisan 13/14 to Kislev 24/25 or 250 days).
Passover, Nisan 14, in the first month of the Jewish religious calendar year, would be the most likely date for a treaty to be signed leading to the restitution-rededication of the temple sacrifice—the “go ahead” has been given (no less, by Antichrist himself, the Prince of the Covenant) . . . but the implementation of the actual sacrifice has not yet taken place . . . this must await an additional 250 days (Kislev 25)—but why?
Even though Passover, Nisan 14, is the first month of the Jewish religious calendar, it would be highly unlikely that the Levite priests would enter the Temple for sacrifice until The Feast of Rededication (Chanukah) on Chisleu 25 (i.e., Kislev 25) to perform the necessary cleansing ceremonies—ceremonies which must be done in strict accordance to Mosaic law. Again, from Passover, Nisan 14, to the Feast of Rededication-Hanukkah, Kislev 25, there are precisely 250 days. Again, counting back from the 1,290th day (the final “day” in which the “abominations” conclude—Daniel 12:11) brings us to the mid-point of the week; then, counting back another 1,010 days (making the total 2,300 days from the time the sacrifice starts until the time the Temple is cleansed and rededicated and the abominations cease) – that leaves 250 days left in the first half of the week (i.e., 1,260 – 1,010 = 250 days); that is precisely why we suggest that a Passover marks the commencement of the 70th Week of Daniel.
Indeed, the defilement of this area—the Temple Mount—has been so extensively “polluted” or desecrated over the centuries (consider alone its use as a garbage dump by the Crusaders) since 70 AD, that appropriate preparation, cleansing, etc., in order to commence the sacrifice, would be more than mandatory—and, such sacrifice would not just begin on any arbitrary day!
After nigh 2,000 years, such a date to commence the actual sacrifice would most assuredly fall on the Feast of Rededication (Hanukkah-Chanukah—“The Festival of Lights”). Precedence for such a commencement took place under Judah Maccabee (165 BC, the last time the temple was so dedicated):
“The temple was cleansed and rededicated in 165 (BC) on the 25th day of Kislev. The Rededication of the temple is celebrated to this day by the Jews as the Festival of Lights, or Hanukkah (Chanukah—also known as the “Feast of Rededication”), which falls in December.” (Lambert Dolphin, The Second Temple)
In any event, this feast day (the Feast of Hanukkah, the Feast of Rededication, the Festival of Lights – Kislev 25)—which, by the way, did not exist at Daniel’s writing—(all the more to understand and ponder the divine inspiration of the text) falls precisely 250 days after Passover (Nisan 14).
THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES – OF BOOTHS – OF NATIONS - SUKKOT
Therefore, if the Antichrist commences the covenant (Daniel 9:27a) on Passover—Nisan 14—(i.e., the “defense pact” or “treaty” with its religious overtones to make his entitlement as “The Prince of the Covenant” all the more egregious (Daniel 11:22—for the legitimate high priest (Onias III) was assassinated—following this the position was purchased to the highest bidder (Jason-Joshua and Menelaus) from Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who wholly politicized the position).
Antiochus IV Epiphanes (archetype of the future Antichrist) brought shame upon the “blood of the everlasting covenant” (Hebrews 13:20), Whose blood was offered as eternal reconciliation for us all (Romans 5:11)) on the first month of the Jewish religious calendar (Nisan 14) at the Feast of Passover (April 1, 33 AD, using the Gregorian Calendar—we will discuss the precise calendar dates of Jesus’ earthly ministry later), then in accordance with Daniel, some 1,260 days later or 3.5 years or in the “midst” of the seven-year treaty, it would be broken “in the middle of the week” (Daniel 9:27) by this same Prince of the Covenant, which would by the very date count occur on the very Feast of Tabernacles or Feast of Booths (Tishrei 15-21—occurring in late September to late October—a SEVEN-DAY Feast) known in Hebrew as SUKKOT, in the first month of the Jewish civil year (i.e., 1,010 days from the 250 days or from Kislev 25 (Hanukkah) for 1,010 days unto Tishrei 15-24) (Feast of Tabernacles).
We must not forget that the start of the Jewish “Religious Calendar” commences in the month of Nisan – nigh six+ months/days before the start of the Jewish Civil Calendar which begins in Tishrei (or put another way the Religious Calendar is precisely six lunar months from the Civil Calendar (or 180 days).
“1 Nisan: New Year for Kings. This is also the start of the religious year. Nisan is considered the first month, although it occurs 6 or 7 months after the start of the calendar year.” (Calendar Through the Ages)
Later we shall see that Jesus’ baptism by John occurred on the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur – Tishrei 10), and that 3.5 years later at the Passover (Pesach – Nisan 14) (at the crucifixion and terminus of his earthly ministry as the unglorified Man) His blood was offered/applied as the propitiation for our sins (Romans 3:25; I John 2:2; 4:10).
JESUS IS NOT THE “HE” WHO BREAKS COVENANT IN DAN. 9:27
When Jesus so offered His blood before the Father (Hebrews 7:27; 9:28; 10:12)—it was NOT the conclusion of the first half of Daniel’s 70th Week! Those who contrive such a distortion of the work of Christ (claiming that one-half of Daniel’s week – or some claim even the entire week, has already concluded), and attribute the work of the Antichrist-Beast to that of Christ, do so with gross malfeasance of hermeneutics. They assert that Daniel 9:27, wherein it states, “But in the middle of the week he shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering” refers to Christ cutting off His covenantal commitments to Israel and offering them to “another nation” – and that the cross terminated in this scenario any further need for sacrifice and offering (i.e., “an end to sacrifice and offering”) because Christ is the “once and for all sacrifice for sin.” (See the Parable of the wicked Husbandman in Luke 20:9-19, Mark 12:1-12, and Matthew 21:33-46).
The convoluted hermeneutic used by these brethren borders on idolatry—for they attribute the work of Antichrist to Jesus Christ—making a mockery of our Lord, and, furthermore, the source of breaking His unilateral covenant with Abraham in the felonious assumption that the phrases, “Then he shall confirm a covenant with the many for one week; but in the middle of the week he shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering” – somehow in their convoluted thinking, affirm that the antecedent for this “he” refers back to “Messiah” in verse 26a of Daniel 9 and not to “the prince who is to come” (Daniel 9:26b) whose dominating negativity follows the true Messiah! What an outrage!
They continue their attribution of the work of Antichrist to that of Christ’s by stating that Christ somehow makes a “one-week covenant” with Israel at the commencement of Jesus’ ministry and breaks it in the middle of the week (after his 3.5 years’ ministry) by dying on the cross (which they say is an allusion back to Daniel 9:26a (“Messiah shall be cut off”). They then claim (somehow) that He (Jesus Christ) terminates the “sacrifice and offering” at this time (it being a “heavenly reality” – not a physical one, because the Jews continued their sacrifices up through at least 70 AD before they were terminated) – and, some of “them” claim that 3.5 years after the “cutting off of Messiah” there was another immediate time frame (concluding the 70th Week when the gospel commenced with the Gentiles—approximately 3.5 years after the crucifixion) which completely ends the entire Seventieth Week of Daniel!
It is the Antichrist-Beast who breaks covenant, not Jesus Christ! God’s covenant made to Abraham and repeatedly confirmed through the Hebrew Scriptures (and we do not speak here of the bilateral-CONDITIONAL accord under the Mosaic Covenant, but we speak of the Davidic, Palestinian, Abrahamic) as UNCONDITIONAL and IRREVOCABLE. However, those who claim the aforesaid seven year period of Daniel’s 70th Week has already transpired, provide a chart that looks something like this:
The entire latter half of Daniel’s book should suffice the stupidity of these misguided souls who either purposefully or inadvertently attribute the work of Antichrist to Christ! At best, it was the “people of the prince” – NOT “the prince who is to come” who destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple in 70 AD—and this is no minor technicality I mention here.
For one, after Messiah is “cut off” and after the City and Temple are destroyed—just what in the world is Messiah (their “he”) now making a covenant with Israel and breaking it in the middle of the week, in point of fact, using their own convolutions, the Messiah has already been crucified, cut off? So, how is “he” able to now make a covenant with “the many” for one week – In His resurrected state? In His ascended state?
Enough of this nonsense already!
To the contrary—Jesus’ crucifixion and atonement (yes, propitiation for our sins) was the confirmation of the everlasting covenant (made in His Own blood) in counter distinction to the FRAUD known as the “Prince of the Covenant” who disannuls and breaks his “treaty” with Israel on the Feast of Tabernacles in the middle of Daniel’s 70th Week (Daniel 9:27) (Note: Precisely 1,010 days from the Feast of Rededication/Feast of Lights/Hanukkah).
This breaking of the covenant on the Feast of Tabernacles-Booths-Nations-Ingathering-SUKKOT would be most significant in that, historically, this is a time when the Israelites mass at Jerusalem (for this feast is also known as the “Feast of Ingathering” and celebrates the “abundance of life”).
These celebrations at the “Festival of the Nations” - especially, if the sacerdotal rites are reinstituted – would bring large numbers of pilgrims and faithful Jews to Jerusalem, and, no doubt, by this time, the annual Feast of Tabernacles held by such organizations as the ICEJ and Christians United for Israel would bring large numbers of faithful Christian Zionists to Jerusalem to join with Jews in these celebrations.
“The holiday lasts 7 days. Outside the land of Israel, many people continue to sit in the Sukkah on the following day, Shemini Atzeret. In Judaism it is one of the three major holidays known collectively as the Shalosh Regalim (three pilgrim festivals), when historically the Jewish populace traveled to the Temple in Jerusalem.” (Wikipedia)
If the covenant of the Antichrist begins on Passover (Pesach—Nisan 14/15, and immediately thereafter the Festival of Unleavened Bread, which starts on Nisan 15/16—both would take place in early March to late April) in the first month of the Jewish religious year; then 1,260 days later in the “midst” of the treaty, it would be broken on the eve of the Feast of Tabernacles (Tishri 15-21; also known as SUKKOT, Feast of Booths or Feast of Nations—occurring in late September to late October), in the first month of the Jewish civil year (and five days after the Day of Atonement-Yom Kippur, Tishrei 10 and 15 days after the Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah, Tishrei 1 – the beginning of the Civil Jewish New Year).
I would not extend the following comparison with much hermeneutic credulity; however, I find that the “signing of the treaty” by Antichrist commences in the first month of the “religious calendar” of the Jews (Nisan) and he terminates the treaty in the first month of the Jewish “civil calendar” (Tishrei) – as if this “Prince of the Covenant” somehow comprehends the “heavenly” (Covenant-religious) and “earthly” (Prince-civil) spheres of his nefarious plan!
Again, the “treaty” signed on Passover would be broken on the Feast of Tabernacles. However, this means that when the sacrifice is rededicated (i.e., the Rededication of the Third Temple) on Hanukkah or Chanukah (Chisleu 25 – which normally takes place in late November to late December), there would elapse 1,010 days before the “treaty” is broken at SUKKOT, the Feast of Tabernacles or Booths or Ingathering or Nations: SUKKOT.
JESUS – THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES – THE PROMISE OF THE SPIRIT
How infamous is this? What awful sacrilege will we witness when that Man of Sin is manifested on that tragic day at the “Feast of Tabernacles” – the day our Lord cried out and announced the PROMISE OF THE SPIRIT (John 7:2-10, 37-39). Of all Jewish Feasts—He could not have chosen a more likely time of desolation than this—the Feast of Tabernacles—where multitudes ascend to Jerusalem in celebration of the “ABUNDANCE OF LIFE” –only to encounter him who seeks “to steal, and to kill, and to destroy” (John 10:10a) – whereas in counter distinction to this THIEF our Lord declares in the same passage: “I have come that they may have life, and that they may have it more abundantly” (John 10:10b).
This makes the betrayal by the “Prince of the Covenant” all the more detestable—for he allows the regathered from among the nations to assemble in celebration of abundant life only to bring despite upon that Festival of Tabernacles and the abundant life announced by Jesus on that wondrous Feast of Tabernacles (John 7:2-9, 37-39).
What an outrage: The Abomination of Desolation – the Desecration of Desecrations occurs on the very day the Jews celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles—the Feast of Nations. Instead of the Promise of the Spirit to all – to infill His people—there is this horrid ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION and “infilling” of the earthly Temple by him who “sits as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God” (II Thess. 2:4) – and the most wretched desecration of man’s temple, the infilling by the spirit of Satan into the spirit of the Antichrist himself—“and the place of His (God’s) sanctuary (lit. “The temple”) was cast down” (Daniel 8:11) – causing the transference of his title from ANTICHRIST to THE BEAST!
What an affront to the Almighty – and to orchestrate this awful abomination in Jerusalem on a day wherein literally millions of Jews will be in Jerusalem to celebrate, in fellowship, the covenant! What a spectacular setting in which to commit the Abomination of Desolation.
It is the conviction of this author that during this Feast of Tabernacles—when nigh a multitude of Jews will be present—that the “spirit of Antichrist” shall be “indwelt” by Satan himself – this will be the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION; however, the celestial implication of Paul’s discourse on this topic does not negate the terrestrial (i.e., “literal” or “earthly”) aspect of this most spiritually invasive act:
“The man of sin is revealed, the son of perdition, who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God or that is worshiped, SO THAT HE SITS AS GOD IN THE TEMPLE OF GOD, SHOWING HIMSELF THAT HE IS GOD” (II Thessalonians 2:3-4).
THE PROMISE OF THE SPIRIT vs. THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION
There is no wonder that the date is set – and this is that very feast—the Feast of Tabernacles in which Jesus refused to attend, but then went up to Jerusalem . . .
“Now the Jews’ Feast of Tabernacles was at hand. His brothers therefore said to Him, ‘Depart from here and go into Judea, that Your disciples also may see the works that You are doing . . . Then Jesus said to them, ‘My time has not yet come, but your time is always ready. The world cannot hate you, but it hates Me because I testify of it that its works are evil. You go up to this feast. I am not yet going up to this feast, for My time has not yet fully come. When He had said these things to them, He remained in Galilee. But when His brothers had gone up, then He also went up to the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret” (John 7:2-4).
It is of peculiar note that Jesus’ comments to His own unbelieving brothers attest to an evil, an hatred, so intense and nigh prophetic in its tone—may I be so bold to conjecture that His initial reluctance to attend this Feast of Tabernacles belied that future time of desecration in which Jesus stands in stark contrast to this, the prophetic ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION:
“We have not received the spirit of the world but the Spirit who is from God, that we may understand what God has freely given us.” (I Corinthians 2:12)?
For Jesus said:
“I will no longer talk much with you, for the “RULER OF THIS WORLD is coming, and he has nothing in Me” (John 14:30).
And, is not this spirit the antithesis to the Spirit of Christ, for this one is “according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedience” (Ephesians 2:2b) . . . whose “spirit of darkness” shall cast its pall upon humanity on that tragic hour of desolation? Indeed, this is the Son of Perdition, the Man of Sin, the Lawless One, “who is according to the working of Satan, with all power, signs, and lying wonders” (II Thessalonians 2:9b)
Surely, in absolute counter distinction to this DESOLATOR our Lord cries out on the SEVENTH DAY of that great Tabernacles Feast:
“On the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out (in Greek it literally means to SHRIEK), saying, ‘If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink. He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart (i.e., “his innermost being” – his human spirit) will flow rivers of living water.’ But this He spoke concerning THE SPIRIT, whom those believing in Him would receive; for the Holy Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified” (John 8:37-39).
The promise of Jesus, on that Great and Last Day of the Feast of Tabernacles, was the indwelling of the Holy Spirit into a multitude of “tabernacles” – yes “sanctuaries” – wherein from those whose thirst was quenched would gush forth “rivers of living water.”
What glorious contrast is this! What prophetic climax when Jesus stood and shrieked to the top of His human lungs that only the Holy Spirit, sent forth from the glorified Christ, could quench the human heart and overflow there from!
Now the One Who deigns to inhabit the temple of man—“which temple ye are” (I Corinthians 3:17)—by the “supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ” (Philippians 1:19) must abide the divine timetable wherein the “Most Holy Place” of man’s spiritual, and earth’s literal Temple, are violated, desecrated, defamed, and laid desolate by “the working of Satan” – thus, the Feast of Tabernacles – that Great Day of the Feast – confronts the greatest counterfeit and abomination of human history in total rebellion to the designs of Him Who keeps covenant and Whose divine intent is repulsed by that Wicked One, whose indwelling of man, and consecrated Temple, will one day be utterly rejected by the Almighty’s prophetic outburst in the Revelation:
“And I heard a loud voice from heaven saying, ‘Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people. God Himself will be with them and be their God” (Revelation 21:3)
Never could Satan have chosen a more poignant and spiritually significant entrance into the SANCTUARY to commit such a dastardly deed than on the very day that the promise of the Spirit was made!
THE “WOUND OF ANTICHRIST” . . .
And, though time does not permit a full disclosure here – the WOUND in the head of Antichrist, and the subsequent indwelling of that Wicked Spirit, is nothing but the falsification of the resurrection of the Living Christ (Revelation 13:3, 12, 14) in the body of Antichrist, whereby Antichrist becomes THE BEAST (Revelation 11:7; 13:1, 11; 17:8). Instead of the Spirit of Christ, we witness destruction wrought by the DESOLATOR (“is poured out on the DESOLATOR” – Daniel 9:27b – Amplified Version)!
This “wound” and desolating depression—during the Feast of Tabernacles—would, most likely, upon his declaration as “God in the temple of God” outrage the Levites and the masses gathered at Jerusalem’s Temple. Such a provocation would assuredly inspire Jewish Zealots to assassination! The “Prince of the Covenant” would suffer a “mortal wound” to the head for his insolent and idolatrous outburst.
The recovery from the wound will be “according to the working of Satan, with all power, signs, and lying wonders” (II Thessalonians 2:9)—for “the coming of the Lawless One” will cause Antichrist to become the Son of Perdition!
The Abomination of Desolation will astound the physical and reverberate throughout spiritual realms (Revelation 11:7; 12:3-4, 7-9, 12; 13:13-16) – indeed, what blasphemies we witness here!
“Then he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme His name, His tabernacle, and those who dwell in heaven” (Revelation 13:6) (Note: The earth and the heavens are engaged.)
THE FINAL CLEANSING – THE 1,335TH DAY
Now, after the “Abomination of Desolation” (i.e., the “breaking of the covenant”) until the time “the transgression of desolation . . . and the host to be trampled underfoot” there will be 1,290 days (Daniel 8:13-14; 12:11).
Daniel is then told:
“Blessed is he who waits and comes to the one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days” (Daniel 12:12).
This adds an additional 45 days on to the end of the seven full years; as follows:
1,260 days + 1,260 days + 30 days + 45 days = 7 years + 75 days
It is quite remarkable—if the Jewish religious year begins on Passover, Nisan 14 and the Jewish civil year begins on Tishrei 1 (Rosh Hashanah or Feast of Trumpets, first of the “High Holidays” or “Days of Awe” – a time of self-examination and repentance during the previous month of Elul)—and if these two dates (i.e., the Jewish civil year and religious year) are superimposed (i.e., “exchanged”) so that the Feast of Passover, which normally occurs in April (the beginning of the Jewish “Religious Calendar” – i.e., Nisan 14/15), and the Day of Atonement (Tishrei 10, the commencement of the Jewish “Civil Calendar-Year” or New Year – i.e., which occurs on Nisan 1) so that Passover (the religious beginning of the Jewish Calendar) is “flipped” to the Day of Atonement (the culmination of the Jewish New Year) then there would be precisely 75 days counted (from Passover-Atonement to Hanukkah – Kislev 25).
Therefore, from the actual end of the seven-year treaty which will terminate on the “eighth Passover” and adding the additional 75 days from the “Religious-Civil” day or “Passover-Atonement” will bring that date to Hanukkah, Kislev 25 (The 1,335th Day).
What I propose here has profound spiritual application in that the Passover is clearly representative of the commencement/beginning of the SPIRITUAL (or religious) Jewish calendar, and Tishrei 1-10 is the beginning of the EARTHLY or civil/New Year of the Jewish Calendar—here, there is the meeting of both the “heavens” and the “earth” – the celestial (spiritual/religious) and the terrestrial (earthly/civil)—heaven and earth climax at the end of the Seventieth Week of Daniel’s prophecy.
What is in view here, I affirm, at the close of the Seventieth Week of Daniel’s prophecy is both the resurrection of the just (Daniel 12:2a; I Corinthians 15:51-52; Revelation 11:11-12), and the rapture of those who are “alive and survive” (I Thessalonians 4:13-17)—all prior to the 30-day’s of the Wrath of the Lamb/Battle of Armageddon, and purification of Israel (Daniel 12:7-11), as well as their preparation for Messiah’s coming (Zechariah 11:10-14), – and the final call of repentance for the “multitudes (the mass of humankind) in the valley of decision . . . for the day of the Lord is at hand in the valley of decision” (Joel 3:9-17).
This will be the great convergence of Passover and the Day of Atonement – announced by the Feast of Trumpets – of Pesach and Yom Kippur – of repentance and purification – of Rosh Hashanah – of the “Day of Judgment” or “Day of Remembrance” – of Armageddon and of the Wrath of the Lamb – this is the culmination of the DAY OF THE LORD – and, never was there a day like this in the history of earth, nor shall be hereafter—for the “former things” are passing away – He begins to make all things new!
The heavens shall open upon this horrific scene, full of desolations (for they shall continue through to the 1,290th day) wherein Armageddon awaits the planet, and where the armies of the nations gather for the Great Sacrificial Meal upon the mountains of Israel (Ezekiel 39:17-29) and where the Apocalypse echoes the day of God’s Feast as THE SUPPER OF THE GREAT GOD (Revelation 19:17-19). Armageddon, the final days of man’s inhumanity toward man—of the Devil, whose “short time” (Revelation 12:12) is to be ended in the Valley of Jehoshaphat on the mountains of Israel, by the One, King of kings, and Lord of lords – of whom our Lord shall. . .
“. . . consume with the breath of His mouth and destroy with the brightness of His coming (II Thessalonians 2:8) . . . but the court shall be seated, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and destroy it forever. Then the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people, the saints of the Most High. His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey Him (Daniel 7:26-27) . . . I was watching in the night visions, and behold, One like the Son of Man, coming with the clouds of heaven! He came to the Ancient of Days, and they brought Him near before Him. Then to Him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and His kingdom the one which shall not be destroyed (Daniel 7:13-14) . . . and the ten horns that were on its head, and the other horn which came up, before which three fell, namely, that horn which had eyes and a mouth which spoke pompous words, whose appearance was greater than his fellows. I was watching; and the same horn was making war against the saints, and prevailing against them, until the Ancient of Days came, and a judgment was made in favor of the saints of the Most High, and the time came for the saints to possess the kingdom (Daniel 7:20-22) . . . Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He
judges and makes war. His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns. He had a name written that no one knew except Himself. He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on the white horses. Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron. He Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS (Revelation 19:11-17) . . . and I saw the beast, the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army. Then the beast was captured, and with him the false prophet who worked signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with brimstone. And the rest were killed with the sword which proceeded from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse. And all the birds were filled with their flesh” (Revelation 19:19-21).
Thus shall end the perfidious Desolator . . .
The Seventieth Week clearly ends on the Passover of the Seventh Year (“weeks of years” or “seventh” day of the final week), because our projections demand the treaty’s signing takes place on Passover; therefore, it must end/begin on Passover at the conclusion of the full seven-year period); however, to conclude the week, the Day of Atonement (of the month of Tishrei—Feast of Trumpets signals the commencement of the Jewish Civil/New Year calendar).
It is 75 days from this commencement of the Jewish Civil year that we reach Kislev 25, Hanukah, the Feast of Rededication, and Festival of Lights. (Again, these 75 days are added to the 1,260 days or the last half of Daniel’s 70th Week and would extend from the Day of Atonement through to the day of Hanukkah.)
Interestingly enough, there are precisely 75 days between the Day of Atonement (Tishrei 10—which occurs 10 days after Rosh Hashanah, the Feast of Trumpets, Tishrei 1) when the High Priest enters into the Holy of Holies, and the Feast of Rededication-Hanukkah-Lights (Kislev 25, the Feast day CELEBRATING THE ABSOLUTE DEFEAT OF THE ANTICHRIST-BEAST AND THE PASSING OF THE OLD WORLD ORDER-DURING THIS, THE FINAL MESSIANIC CLEANSING, REDEDICATION OF THE TEMPLE—the commencement of the Millennial Reign of the Son of David, the KING OF KINGS, and LORD OF LORDS will have begun!).
For Example: Yom Kippur/Day of Atonement in 2007 is on September 21; then add 75 days and it will take you to Hanukkah–the Festival of Lights or Rededication on December 4, 2007 . . . thus will those be blessed on the 1,335th day in accordance with Daniel 12:13: “Blessed is he who waits, and comes to the one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days.”
How fitting is it then that the Festival of Lights (after such gross darkness has befallen us in Daniel’s 70th Week and concluding days)—will break forth in celebration of the defeat of the Antichrist-Beast and the commencement of the NEW WORLD ORDER under the Son of David, the King of kings and Lord of lords—for upon judging the nations, He will usher in the bliss of Millennial Rule and Reign!
Like two bookends of the 2,300 days – from the first Feast of Rededication-Feast of Lights-Hanukkah (250 days into the 70th Week of Daniel) and the Rededication of the Third Temple, until its final cleansing on the 1,335th day and the final Feast of Lights-Hanukkah-Feast of Rededication – even so, the Temple will have been cleansed for its Millenarian mission. . . for the Temple is not just material, it is the spirit of man, of “all Israel” that shall enter into their full covenantal bliss; thus, the Temple will and must be cleansed on that blessed 1,335th day!
This is all the more significant in that He has, upon His throne, administered the “judgment of the nations” (Matthew 25:31-46) prior to His Millenarian Reign. This will be the THIRD cleansing – the THIRD “miracle of lights” – initially at the start of this Festival under Judah Maccabee; the second time on the 250th day; and, now, in RESURRECTION – on the THIRD DAY is the Temple Rededicated! BLESSED IS HE WHO WAITS, AND COMES TO THE ONE THOUSAND THREE HUNDRED AND THIRTY-FIVE DAYS!
Now, does Hosea’s prophetic call to repentance make spiritual sense?
“Come, and let us return to the Lord; for He has torn, but He will heal us; He has stricken, but He will bind us up. After two days He will revive us; on THE THIRD DAY He will raise us up, that we may live in His sight. Let us know, let us pursue the knowledge of the Lord. His going forth is established as the morning; He will come to us like the rain, like the latter and former rain to the earth” (Hosea 6:1-3).
And, now, does not this chorus, on the 1,335th day make us rejoice?—for they who obtain to the 1,335th day of blessedness and Millenarian Blessing shall, on that glorious cleansing and rebirth in one day—a nation is born in a day (Isaiah 66:8) . . . for the prophecy is fulfilled on the 1,335th day:
“O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing! See! Your house is left to you desolate; for I say to you, you shall not see Me no more till you say, ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’” (Matthew 23:37-39).
Then shall they join the Messianic chorus of those who rejoiced in the Son of David on that Triumphal Entry where the Prince, who was presented to Israel as Messiah (Daniel 9:25—“Messiah the Prince”) on March 30, 33 AD or Nisan 10, 3994—so precise is the record as recorded at the close of this tome, that it astounds the chronologist, and baffles the skeptic—for this cause the multitudes cry out:
“Hosanna to the Son of David! ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ Hosanna in the highest!” (Matthew 21:9).
So will usher in that blessed 1,335th Day!
THE CHILDREN CRYING OUT IN THE TEMPLE—HOSANNA TO THE SON OF DAVID!
CHILDREN—“Let the little children to come to Me and do not forbid them, for of such is the Kingdom of God. Assuredly, I say to you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God as a little child will by no means enter it” (Luke 18:16-17).
What do the children have to do with the 70th Week of Daniel? What do the children have to do with that blessed 1,335th Day? What do the children have to do with the cleansing of the Temple, of the Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem of the Messiah?—listen, listen to the children . . . listen to their PROPHETIC CHORUS – then, join them in that chorus, for unless you become as a child you shall in no wise enter into the Kingdom of God. Unless you acclaim Him as the Son of God—HOSANNA (Lit. “BRING SALVATION NOW!”), you will not see that blessed day! But first . . .
Daniel 9:25: “Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem UNTIL MESSIAH THE PRINCE, there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks” (or 7+62=69 Weeks or “69 sevens” or 69x7x360days=The precise date of Jesus’ Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem—UNTIL MESSIAH THE PRINCE! Let me borrow from the Tom Ice/Dr. Hoehner article at the end of this tome:
“Therefore, Nisan 444 b.c. marks the terminus ad quo of the seventy weeks of Daniel 9:24-27.
“As predicted in Zechariah 9:9, Christ presented Himself to Israel as Messiah the king for the last time and the multitude of the disciples shouted loudly by quoting from a messianic psalm: "Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord" (Ps. 118:26; Matt.21:9; Mark 11:10; Luke 19:38; John 12:13). This occurred on Monday, Nisan 10 (March 30) and only four days later on Friday, Nisan 14, April 3, A.D. 33, Jesus was cut off or crucified.” (Tom Ice, Dr. Hoehner, The Seventy Weeks of Daniel, Part VI, Lambert Dolphin Library)
Thus, precisely at the close of the 69th Week – on Monday, Nisan 10 – March 30, A.D. 33 – four days before Jesus was crucified – He was acclaimed as MESSIAH THE PRINCE as He rode into Jerusalem—this is the close of the 69th Week – NOT the erroneous date set forth at the commencement of His ministry 3.5 years previous – for on that Day of Atonement He was baptized by John the Baptist, but not acclaimed as Israel’s Messiah, MESSIAH THE PRINCE!
And I insert here a most glorious FOUR DAYS of inspection – wherein the Lamb of God – is accused and proven BLAMELESS; ultimately declared by Pontius Pilot: I FIND IN HIM NO FAULT AT ALL! (John 18:38; 19:4, 6; Luke 23:4, 14) – no defect is found in the Lamb of God:
The Passover lamb was set aside for four days, from the 10th day until the 14th day of Abib:
“Exodus 12:3-6 (NIV) Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb for his family, one for each household. If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat. The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats. Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the people of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight.” (Note: Four days of inspection—there is NO DEFECT to be found!)
But, before His crucifixion on Nisan 13/14 – April 3, 33 AD – and prior to His four-days of “inspection” wherein no DEFECT was found in Him – Nisan 10 took place – UNTIL MESSIAH THE PRINCE – then shortly (4 days after) we read from Daniel 9:26:
“And after the sixty-two weeks MESSIAH SHALL BE CUT OFF” – this is the CRUCIFIXION which took place four days after UNTIL MESSIAH THE PRINCE. When was Messiah “cut off” – how long after was He “cut off?” – Precisely FOUR DAYS AFTER. He was heralded as MESSIAH THE PRINCE – then four days after He was crucified, offered up as the Lamb of God that takes away the sin of the world.
But, now suffer the little children to come unto Him and forbid them not for of such is the kingdom of God!
Yes, the close of the 69th Week took place on Nisan 9/10, but the events of that date are intensely prophetic and do not wholly bespeak of the finality of the 69th Week but prophetically introduce the 1,335th Day (which day I shall explain in detail later on) and the final cleansing of the Temple!
“So the disciples went and did as Jesus commanded them. They brought the donkey and the colt, laid their clothes on them, and set Him on them. And a very great multitude spread their clothes on the road; others cut down branches from the trees and spread them on the road. Then the multitudes who went before and those who followed cried out, saying;
‘Hosanna to the Son of David!
Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’
Hosanna in the highest!’
“And when He had come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, ‘Who is this?’ So the multitudes said, ‘This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth of Galilee.’
“Then Jesus went into the temple of God and drove out all those who bought and sold in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves. And He said to them, ‘It is written, My house shall be called a house of prayer, but you have made it a den of thieves.’
“Then the blind and the lame came to Him in the temple, and He healed them.
“But when the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that He did, AND THE CHILDREN CRYING OUT IN THE TEMPLE AND SAYING, ‘HOSANNA TO THE SON OF DAVID!’ they were indignant and said to Him, ‘Do you hear what these (children) are saying’ And Jesus said to them, ‘Yes, Have you never read,
‘OUT OF THE MOUTH OF BABES AND NURSING INFANTS YOU HAVE PERFECTED PRAISE’?” (Matthew 21:7-16)
Thus ended the 69th Week! The children cried out HOSANNA: BRING SALVATION NOW! The children were in the temple—freshly cleansed by Jesus! And, for the next four days did the Pharisees, the scribes, the Herodians and Sadducees seek to find fault against Him, until: “No one was able to answer Him a word, nor from that day on did anyone dare question Him anymore” (Matthew 22:46).
From here He utterly denounced the religious hypocrisy of His day (Matthew 23), until He declared:
“See! Your house is left to you desolate; for I say to you, you shall see Me no more TILL YOU SAY, ‘BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD!’” (Matthew 23:38-39).
And this is the same refrain uttered by the masses on His Triumphal Entry—UNTIL MESSIAH THE PRINCE. This is the “prophetic Hosanna” (BRING SALVATION NOW) that will be uttered on that day—both at the close of the 69th Day and at the 1,335th day: “Blessed is he who waits, and comes to the one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days” (Daniel 12:12). What the children uttered will be declared on that day by all Israel—so will end the desolations, thus shall the Temple of God be wholly cleansed and rededicated on that final Hanukkah, the 1,335th Day; and thus, will the prophetic chorus that the children acclaimed in the Temple come to perfected praise: HOSANNA TO THE SON OF DAVID! Yes, and four days hence He brought SALVATION! And, on that 1,335th Day – ALL ISRAEL SHALL BE SAVED! (Zechariah 12:10; 14:8-9; Romans; Isaiah 59:20-21; Romans 11:26-27)
“And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced (Lit. “The pierced One”). Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn . . . and one will say to him, ‘What are these wounds between your hands?’ Then he will answer, ‘These with which I was wounded in the house of my friends.’” (Zechariah 12:10; 13:6).
JESUS AT TABERNACLES & THE FESTIVAL OF LIGHTS
Perhaps there is a reason—a profoundly spiritual accounting—once again found in the Gospel of John when Jesus visited the “Feast of Dedication” in John 10:22-39, some seventy-five (75) days after the Day of Atonement; and only recorded in this gospel. What may be spiritually significant here are several matters:
(A) Jesus attends the Feast of Tabernacles (Tishrei 15-21—John 7:2, 37) and “75 days thereafter from the Day of Atonement” He attends the Feast of Rededication/Hanukkah/Festival of Lights (Kislev 25— John 10:22-30); and
(B) Jesus is involved in SEVEN major Feast Days in the Gospel of John:
(1) Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur-Tishrei 10—John 1:29, 36— calculated on the basis of Luke 3:23 and the Sir Robert Anderson/Ice/Huebner calculations; commencing the ministry of Jesus at the Baptism of John the Baptist);
(2) His first Passover (John 2:13-22—Nisan 14);
(3) His second Passover (John 5:1—By implication);
(4) His third Passover (John 6:4);
(5) The Feast of Tabernacles, Sukkot, Nations, Ingathering, Booths (John 7:2-39—Tishrei 15-22—attended in John 7:2-52 and in particular, John 7:37-39 where the Promise of the Spirit is given);
(6) The Feast of Rededication/Festival of Lights/Hanukkah attended by Jesus (John 10:22-39 on Kislev 25)—some 75 days after His attendance at the Feast of Tabernacles (adding in the 5 days from the Day of Atonement to make 75 days). Here, at Hanukkah, Jesus gives the promise of eternal life (v. 28) and declares His oneness with the Father, causing the Jews to take up stones to stone Him because of Jesus’ assertion of His divinity (i.e., “I am the Son of God” – v. 36b)); and
(7) His fourth and final Passover found in John 11:55; 12:1; 13:1; 18:28, 39: 19:14.
Has John chosen these two feast days – separated by 75 days – to signal to us that even in these accounts, there is the impress of the Spirit of God upon the record? John could have chosen, perhaps, any number of feast days and recorded them into his account . . . but John’s writings are an announcement, a declaration of the Son of God, of the divine life – the FACE OF AN EAGLE, as seen in Revelation’s fourth creature (Revelation 4:7); even so, was the disclosure of the Spirit given at the Feast of Tabernacles in John 7. Combined, the Promise of the Spirit and the Son of God – Sukkot and Hanukkah – Tabernacles and Lights – this is not an accident in John’s record, but the design of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus (Romans 8:2). Thus, the Son of God declared as our Life at the Festival of Rededication – Hanukkah, signaling that BLESSED IS HE THAT COMES TO THE 1,335th DAY (75 days beyond the 1,260 days – Daniel 12:12).
John highlights these two major Feasts days—Sukkot and Hanukkah—Tabernacles and Rededication—to alert us to these same major feast days . . . feast days which are divinely inspired and highlighted in Daniel’s account (though Daniel knew nothing of that future Maccabean Festival of Lights and Rededication). These two major feasts days are incorporated into the prophetic 70th Week of Daniel’s prophecy—for separating Hanukkah’s rededication of the Temple (250 days into the 70th Week) and the Abomination of Desolation which will take place on the Feast of Tabernacles mid-way through the 70th Week (some 1,010 days later) is that same 75-day period of immense significance to us all (i.e., from Atonement/Tabernacles to Rededication).
What is noteworthy about His only recorded appearance at the Feast of Dedication in John’s gospel is the fact that we have already addressed TWO significant Feasts of Rededication—the first, under Judah Maccabee (or “Judas Maccabeus”) at the Feast of Dedication inauguration; the second at Hanukkah/Feast of Lights/Rededication, which will take place 250 days into the 70th Week of Daniel; and, will commemorate the rededication of the “Tribulation Temple.”
Now, we look forward to that blessed 1,335th day for the final and THIRD dedication of the Millennial Temple/Era when all the earth shall be blessed. Yes, I do find that the “Feast of Dedication” in John’s Gospel is divinely implanted into the record some 75 days from the Feast of Tabernacles—for on the Jewish Calendar there is this 75 days of separation. What occurs in Daniel 12:13 (the 1,335th day) will be the Messianic cleansing of the Temple—when the Son of God, Son of David, shall take His Throne . . . for “You have taken Your great power and reigned” (Revelation 11:17b).
These three “expressions” of the Feast of Dedication virtually mirror the Trinity—though I tepidly tread on this understanding; however, the “source” reflects the person of the Father; the struggle within the 70th Week between the Abomination of Desolation and the true Son of God—the real Messiah – between Christ and Antichrist is an obvious expression of the Son; and, the final dedication is the full outpouring of the Spirit upon the House of Israel.
Yes, these are amazing comparisons occurring in John’s gospel because John’s overt emphasis upon the Temple in the Revelation as the prophetic centerpiece of those final seven years (cf. Revelation 3:12; 7:15; 11:1-2, 19; 13:6; 14:15, 17 15:5-6, 8; 16:1, 17; 21:3, 22) is so pervasive. That John would mention SEVEN FEASTS in his gospel is remarkable and demonstrates the Savior’s completion of all types and shadows of the major Feast Days (for “7” is the number of completion in Scripture). Furthermore, that he would insert, side-by-side, the Feast of Tabernacles and the Feast of Dedication within his account—demonstrates the divine inspiration of the text and assures us that Messiah’s fulfillment and promise of the Spirit of Life—because He is the Son of God—will climax on the 1,335th day!
THE 1,290th DAY
Now, the “treaty” which commenced on Passover – will likewise terminate on Passover some seven-prophetic years hence (at the close of the Seventy Weeks of Daniel). Jesus will, at the close of the 1,260th day, enter into His temple and CLEANSE it once and for all.
Yes, on two of those Passovers nigh 2,000 years in the past (on His first ministerial Passover—John 2:13-17) and at His fourth or final Passover prior to His crucifixion—Matthew 21:12-13; Mark 11:15-17; Luke 19:45-46—He cleansed the Temple.
I repeat—He cleansed the Temple twice on two separate Passovers (John 2:13-17 and Mathew 21:12-13, etc.) by casting out the money changers – in so doing he meted out His wrath, His zeal for the Father’s House. He comes to yet “purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer to the Lord an offering in righteousness” (Malachi 3:2-3) from the 1,260th day to the 1,290th day of Daniel’s prophecy.
Jesus commenced His “Temple ministry” on Passover and ended His Temple ministry on Passover – both times He threw out the money changers and cleansed the temple. Even so—Antichrist signs the religio-political 7-year pact with Israel’s majority on Passover and concludes as the Beast at the end of the 7-years on Passover.
Wedged in between both these “sets of Passovers” (with Jesus and with Antichrist) are the Feast of Tabernacles (John 7:2-39) and the Feast of Lights-Dedication (John 10:22-39). In Jesus’ case Feast of Tabernacles-Sukkot and then the Festival of Lights-Hanukkah; with Antichrist is the reverse, Hanukkah/Lights/Dedication (250 days into the Seventieth Week of Daniel) and at the Abomination of Desolation at the Feast of Tabernacles (in the middle of the week). This is not happenstance accounting by the Holy Spirit. What you have here are the prophetic types and antitypes – the great cosmic battleground for the heavens and the earth played out with Israel and the Church in the latter days.
During these 30 days the WRATH OF GOD and of THE LAMB will be poured out (Revelation 6:16-17; 11:18; 14:10, 19; 15:7; 16:1, 19; 19:15) . . . therefore, are not the following comments made on these following Scriptures all the more illuminating?
At the close of “time, times, and half a time” (Daniel 12:7) – yes, at the terminus of the 70th Week of Daniel’s prophecy; “and . . . (I affirm that this “and” constitutes the additional 30 days mentioned in Daniel 12:11) . . . when the power of the holy people has been completely shattered . . . for then. . . (from the time of Passover’s purification and during this 30-day time frame) . . . many shall be purified, made white, and refined, but the wicked shall do wickedly; and none of the wicked shall understand, but the wise shall understand” (Daniel 12:7b & 10) – This is the Feast of Passover at the commencement of the 30 days. (Note: Please reread this again for absolute clarity!)
This is purification and refining – this is the ultimate defeat of the ANTICHRIST-BEAST—now, we look forward to the commencement of the Millennial Reign of the Son of David! That awaits ‘till the conclusion of the “one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days” (Daniel 12:12) and the celebration of the Feast of Rededication-Hanukkah-Lights – which, in point of absolute glorious fact, celebrates the victory over the ANTICHRIST-BEAST, THE FALSE PROPHET and THE IMAGE, and the passing of the Old World Order—orchestrated directly by the Messiah Himself during the 45 days beyond the 30 days.
Again, the comparisons are amazing. Jesus “cleansed the temple” twice in His ministry—John 2:13-22 on His “first Passover” and at the conclusion of His ministry in Matthew 21:12; Mark 11:15, 17; and Luke 19:45. His “fourth Passover” (i.e., His second such cleansing of the Temple whereby for the second time He overthrew the tables and cast out the money changers in fulfillment of Psalm 69:9—“Zeal for Your house has eaten Me up.”), confirms the intensity of His commitment to the Temple to be a house of prayer for all peoples.
Could this “mirror” the two “cleansings” prior to that final cleansing of His Temple during the 30-days beyond the 1,260 days? I think the association is compelling—for the THIRD cleansing and purification will be the most enduring, for it will prepare His people for their Millenarian fulfillment.
Here (within the 75 days) the armies of Antichrist are defeated (Armageddon—at the close of the additional 30 days) and the nations are summarily judged (Ezekiel 39:17-29; Joel 3; Zechariah 14:4; Revelation 16:14-16; 19:17-21; Matthew 25:31-34) during the 45 days after the 30 days)– Armageddon’s conclusion + 45 days – and ALL ISRAEL SHALL BE SAVED (Zechariah 12:10-13:1; Romans 11:25-27).
All of these calculations bring us in wonderment as to “God’s purposes” (Daniel 12:4 – Amplified Version) in these “the end of days” – May the Lord, the Lion of the Tribe of Judah, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world – stir within us to rise up, for both Israel and the Church face their greatest test and testimony in these “the end of the days.” (Daniel 12:13 - Amplified)
THE GREAT AND TERRIBLE DAY OF THE LORD
We have explained the 30-days as a period of purification, of wrath, of judgment and ultimately, both the culmination of the Armageddon Campaign, as well as the Second Coming of Messiah—i.e., the “Great and Terrible Day of the Lord.” This is the time when the “Wrath of God” – “Wrath of the Lamb” is poured out – there are many Hebrew Scriptures which attest to this climactic DAY – yet there is no specific “Feast Day” which appears on the Jewish Calendar—but there is most definitely such a Feast Day on the Divine Calendar – to wit:
“‘Assemble yourselves and come; gather together from all sides to My SACRIFICIAL MEAL which I am sacrificing for you, a GREAT SACRIFICIAL MEAL on the mountains of Israel, that you may eat flesh and drink blood. You shall eat the flesh of the mighty, drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams and lambs, of goats and bulls, all of them fatlings of Bashan. You shall eat fat till you are full, and drink blood till you are drunk, at MY SACRIFICIAL MEAL which I am sacrificing for you. You shall be filled at My table with horses and riders, with mighty men and with all the men of war,’ says the Lord God” (Ezekiel 39:17b-20).
Moreover . . .
“I will set My glory among the nations; all the nations shall see My judgment which I have executed and My hand which I have laid on them. So the house of Israel shall know that I am the Lord their God from THAT DAY forward. The Gentiles shall know (i.e., “the multitudes in the Valley of Decision—for the DAY OF THE LORD is near, in the Valley of Decision” – Joel 3:14) that the house of Israel went into captivity for their iniquity; because they were unfaithful to Me, therefore I hid My face from them. I gave them into the hand of their enemies, and they all fell by the sword. According to their uncleanness and according to their transgressions I have dealt with them, and hidden My face from them.’ Therefore thus says the Lord God: ‘Now I will bring back the captives of Jacob, and have mercy on the whole house of Israel; and I will be jealous for My holy name—after they have borne their shame, and all their unfaithfulness in which they were unfaithful to Me, when they dwelt safely in their own land and no one made them afraid. When I have brought them back from the peoples and gathered them out of their enemies’ lands, and I am hallowed in them in the sight of
many nations, then they shall know that I am the Lord their God, who sent them into captivity among the nations, but also brought them back to their land, and left none of them captive any longer. And I will not hide My face from them anymore; for I shall have poured out My Spirit on the house of Israel, says the Lord God” (Ezekiel 39:21-29).
Yes, this is the “FEAST DAY” whereof John confirms its awful judgment:
“Then I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in the midst of heaven, ‘Come and gather together for the SUPPER OF THE GREAT GOD (or “great supper of God”), that you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, of mighty men, the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all people, free and slave, both small and great . . . and I saw the beast, the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army . . . Then the beast was captured, and with him the false prophet who worked signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with brimstone. And the rest were killed with the sword which proceeded from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse. And all the birds were filled with their flesh” (Revelation 19:17-21).
REVELATION 14, 15-16 – THE HARVESTS & THE 30 DAYS OF PURIFICATION AND GOD’S WRATH
This is the period—the 30 days—of Israel’s preparation for Messiah’s Coming! But, this is also the fulfillment of Revelation 15-16!
The reaping of the harvest of the earth has transpired at the close of the 1,260 days or the latter half of Daniel’s 70th Week – Revelation 14:14-16:
“Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and on the cloud sat One like the Son of Man, having on His head a golden crown, and in His hand a sharp sickle. And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to Him who sat on the cloud, ‘Thrust in Your sickle and reap, for the time has come for You to reap, for the harvest of the earth is ripe.’ So He who sat on the cloud thrust in His sickle on the earth, and the earth was reaped.”
Once again, the Angel comes forth from the TEMPLE and reaps the godly harvest of the earth—this is RESURRECTION and RAPTURE—this is that final end-time’s harvest when one like unto “the Son of Man” – with a Crown and a sharp sickle in His hand will thrust that sickle and reap that final harvest of the earth, yes, that “GREAT MULTITUDE which no one could number, of all nations, tribes, peoples and tongues” who shall stand before “the throne and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, with palm branches in their hands, and crying out with a loud voice, saying, ‘Salvation belongs to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb!’” (Revelation 7:9-10). “To our God” and “to the Lamb” – for this is the testimony of both Israel (“to our God”) and the Church (“to the Lamb”).
Indeed, this is the same multitude drawn from Israel and the Church, whereof it says in Revelation 15—and PRIOR to the stunning events of consummate evil, wrath and judgment foreseen within the 30 days . . .
“And I saw something like a sea of glass mingled with fire, those who have the victory over the beast (political Babylon), over his image (religious Babylon) and over his mark and over the number of his
name (commercial Babylon), standing on the sea of glass, having harps of God . . . They sing the SONG OF MOSES (Israel), the servant of God, and the SONG OF THE LAMB (the Church)” (Revelation 15:2-3a).
But not all concur with this exposition—for some well-meaning brethren, like the eloquent Lutheran theologian and Premillenarian/pre-tribulationalist, Joseph A. Seiss, concludes that the first of these harvests (Revelation 14:14-16) is one in the same in so far as the judgments of the Almighty concern—i.e., it is connected to the “great winepress of the wrath of God” found in the second such harvest in Revelation 14:17-20.
“And to this end, this heaven-crowned King holds ‘in his hand a sharp sickle.’ There is nowhere such a description or holding forth of the instrument in any harvest scene referring to the gracious home-bringing of the good. The earth is to be cleared of its ill products now, therefore only a cutting implement is in hand, and so conspicuously displayed. The work is one of vengeance and sore judgment; therefore it is ‘sharp.’
“According to the record up to this point, the great harvest of the good seed has already been reaped. The Living Ones, the elders, the innumerable multitude, the Man-child, and the 144,000, all of whom are of the good seed, are in heaven before this reaping comes. This reaping is also immediately preceded by the gathering of a great company to glory, which is very unaccountably separated from the harvest of saints directly to follow, if so we are to understand it.”
However, even Seiss recognizes the differentiation of the two harvests and admits—notwithstanding his predisposition to a pre-tribulational rapture of the church prior to these affairs—the following:
“And of the two phases of those ministrations of the wrath of God which are to clear this planet of the products and representatives of rebellion against His Throne, this is one (i.e., the one mentioned in Revelation 14:17-20), and perhaps the most general and far-reaching of the two (i.e., in so far as the pouring out of God’s wrath concerns).” (my parenthesis) (Seiss, Joseph A, The Apocalypse – An Exposition of the Book of Revelation, Kregel Publications, pp. 358-361.)
Thus, Seiss is confirmed that both harvests are within the 30 days of the “Wrath of the Lamb” – however, on the opposing side sits another distinguished Premillenarian/Pretribulationist, Ray Stedman, who concludes otherwise:
“Who is the one seated on the cloud ‘like a son of man,’ wearing a victor’s crown and holding a sickle in His hand? There can be no doubt. It is the Lord Jesus.
“Remember, that in Matthew 13 Jesus gave the disciples a parable of wheat and weeds growing in a single field. In the parable the servants asked their master, ‘Do you want us to go and pull them up?’ But the master replied, “. . . No, let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring it into my barn.’ Then Jesus interpreted that parable to the disciples, saying, ‘The harvest is the end of the age [i.e. the seven-year Tribulation period to which we have come in the book of revelation] (Stedman’s parenthesis) and the harvesters are angels.’
“Here is how Jesus describes that end-time harvest in Matthew 13:
‘The son of Man will send out his angels, and they will weed out of his kingdom everything that causes sin and all who do evil. They will throw them into the fiery furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears, let him hear.”
“These are plain and clear words from the lips of Jesus Himself . . . But there is still another scene of harvest” (From here Stedman describes the meting out of the “winepress of the wrath of Almighty God.”) (Stedman, Ray C., God’s Final Word, Understanding Revelation, Discovery House Publishers, p. 268.)
Frankly, I do not think that Dr. Stedman fully grasped the implications of his exposition in so far as its impact upon the pre-tribulational community—i.e., the “final harvest” is set at the conclusion of the end of the Seventieth Week of Daniel (which posture is post-tribulational in its context); however, he obviously grasped the magnitude and distinction of these harvests and their parallel passages in Matthew 13. Likewise, Seiss may have perceived the implications of detaching the initial harvest and the damage that it could have done to his and others’ eschatological system (viz., pretribulationalism).
This then is that glorious harvest reaped from the earth—both during the 70th Week of Daniel, and from Abraham on—for this is THE RESURRECTION OF THE JUST (Daniel 12:2a; I Corinthians 15:51-52; Revelation 11:11-12; 14:14-16; 18:4—please read these Scriptures).
Now abides the Wrath of God – the Wrath of the Lamb – for the judgment of the Almighty is manifested on behalf of Israel (“The Wrath of God”—Revelation 15:1) and the Church (“The Wrath of the Lamb” – Revelation 6:16; 14:10, 19; 15:1, 7; 16:1, 19; 19:15) – this is the GREAT DAY OF HIS WRATH (Revelation 6:17; 11:18). This is that second harvest of “the great winepress of the wrath of God.” (Revelation 14:17-20)
All these who have gotten the three-fold victory over Satan’s Anti-trinity (the Beast, the False Prophet, and the Image of the Beast), shall on that day in the midst of the 30-days of “Wrath” stand upon the righteousness of Him slain before the foundations of the earth—not having their own righteousness, which is of the flesh, but the righteousness which is of God, in Christ Jesus our Lord!
“Notice, first of all, that this passage contains a promise from God that this is the last of the series of judgments. With these seven last plagues, writes John, ‘God’s wrath is completed.’ This final set of judgments is the turning point, the historical pivot upon which God’s plan now turns. At the conclusion of the seven bowls of wrath, God will begin to set up His kingdom on the earth. The book of the history of mankind will be closed. A new book will be opened, and the opening lines of the history of the kingdom of God will be written on its pages . . .
“In this scene, John describes a great host of martyrs, men and women who have given their lives for the cause of Christ (Messiah) during the Antichrist’s reign of terror. In his vision, John sees them standing upon a sea of glass or crystal . . .
“In particular, the sea of glass speaks of the holiness and the purity that the Spirit imparts to us when we give our lives to Jesus Christ. It is only God’s purity, given to us as a gift, that enables us to stand—as these martyrs now stand—in the holy presence of God. We do not dare stand in His presence unless we are standing on the crystalline-pure support of His righteousness.” (Ray Stedman, Understanding Revelation, God’s Final Word, p. 273)
Please carefully note—the pouring out of the bowls of the Wrath of God and the Wrath of the Lamb ensue from the TABERNACLE OF THE TESTIMONY in heaven (Revelation 15:5) – the heavenly realities are now poured out upon the earthly realities!
“And out of the temple (Lit., “sanctuary”) came the seven angels having the seven plagues, clothed in pure bright linen, and having their chests girded with golden bands . . . then one of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God who lives forever and ever . . . the TEMPLE was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from His power, and no one was able to enter the TEMPLE till the seven plagues of the seven angels were completed” (Revelation 15:6-8).
The EARTHLY TEMPLE is about to be cleansed for its final time—bringing forth the Messianic Era—this is the final judgment – and the ultimate 45-day judgment of the nations, awaiting the full cleansing of the
TEMPLE at the close of the 75-days, the final Feast of Rededication, Feast of Lights, Hanukkah! “The smoke from the glory of God” is likened unto Exodus 19:18 wherein Mount Sinai expressed God’s glory enveloping the mountain with smoke and fire—for no man can touch this glory and live!
The succession of seven-fold plagues/bowels poured out upon the earth, announced in Revelation 15 and carried out in Revelation 16, bring us (for we do not have time to cover the first five bowls) to the SIXTH BOWL and Battle of Armageddon (Revelation 16:12-16); nigh close to the coming of the Lord Himself in glory, for we read just prior to Armageddon:
“Behold, I am coming as a thief, blessed is he who watches, and keeps his garments, lest he walk naked and they see his shame” (Revelation 16:15) . . . “And they gathered them together to the placed called in Hebrew, Armageddon” (Lit. “Mount Megiddo”) (Revelation 16:16).
Yes, we are quickly approaching the 30th day itself and the divine intervention of Messiah! Here, Messiah announces His immediacy upon earth’s beleaguered, yea, tortured and desolated scene. He comes as a thief to those enshrouded by the Beast’s darkness and desolations—and yet, within this injunction there is still hope to all those who abide in the Valley of Decision, for the Day of the Lord is at hand, in the Valley of Decision.
The armies of the earth amass at Armageddon—the only place of its mentioning in all of Holy Writ. Never before was there such a culmination of evil wrought by disobedience and rebellion merged as one in utter defiance of the Almighty’s designs for humankind—for the Dragon, the Beast, the False Prophet and the Image reflected in the desecrated hearts, minds and even spirits of those so desolated, has reached its final disparity. It can only bring death as the SIXTH TRUMPET and SIXTH VIAL announce their carnage, as well as their sins and plagues, upon humanity. For, the Euphrates, that great river, whose border is the extremity of the Messianic measurement of Israel’s kingdom – and a vivid boundary of jurisdiction to Babylon’s environs (the two must be seen juxtaposed the one from the other; even viewed within the Millennial reign of the Son of David) cannot be dismissed as poetic nuance—but as abject reality of Babylon’s confrontation with Jerusalem on that day:
“Then the sixth angel sounded: And I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God (again, I submit to you that the Temple’s altar is herein mentioned because we are about to witness the GREAT SACRIFICIAL MEAL), saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, ‘Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.’ So the four angels, who had been prepared for the hour and day and month and year, were released to kill a third of mankind. Now the number of the army of the horsemen was two hundred million; I heard the number of them. And thus I saw the horses in the vision: those who sat on them had breastplates of fiery red, hyacinth blue, and sulfur yellow; and the heads of the horses were like the heads of lions; and out of their mouths came fire, smoke, and brimstone. By these three plagues a third of mankind was killed—by the fire and the smoke and the brimstone which came out of their mouths. For their power is in their mouth and in their tails; for their tails are like serpents, having heads; and with them they do harm. But the rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands, that they should nor worship demons, and idols of gold, silver, brass, stone, and wood, which can neither see nor hear nor walk. And they did not repent of their murders or their sorceries (i.e., DRUGS) or their sexual immorality or their thefts” (Revelation 9:13-21).
Yes, 200,000,000 – for this is the clash of civilizations and of man’s final inhumanity to man – and, yes, such armies have reached their feverish maximums, their most lethal capacities – and, yes, their numbers do swell, for the “the way of the kings from the east might be prepared” as the Euphrates dries up as Babylon’s barrier to allow the desolations their most hideous expression in the Beautiful Land!
Even so – Armageddon witnesses the trinity of evil’s most deleterious effort to destroy humanity and thwart the purposes of the Almighty . . .
“And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs coming out of the mouth of the dragon (the source and anti-type of the Father), out of the mouth of the beast (the anti-type of the Son), and out of the mouth of the false prophet (the anti-type of the Holy Spirit). For they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to THE BATTLE OF THAT GREAT DAY OF GOD ALMIGHTY” (Revelation 16:13-14).
Yes, they gather, but they know not that they have been assembled for that GREAT SACRIFICIAL FEAST – to the BATTLE OF THAT GREAT DAY OF GOD ALMIGHTY – ALAS! For the Seventh Trumpet shall sound and the Seventh Vial shall be poured out! The Beast who conquered at Armageddon, now moves upon Jerusalem to annihilate the “apple of His eye” (Zechariah 2:8; Zechariah 14:2-4, 12-15) – to eliminate, once and for all, Messiah’s purpose and people—destined to be His “kingdom of priests” – and “a holy nation” (Exodus 19:6) – for the purposes of the Almighty shall not fail! Alas! The Valley of Jehoshaphat is the divine platform for divine judgment and intervention (Joel 3) as the nations gather at Jerusalem against the Lord and against His Messiah . . .
“Why do the Gentiles (the nations) rage, and the people plot a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord and against His MESSIAH (His Anointed), saying, ‘Let us break their bonds in pieces and cast away Their cords from us.’ He who sits in the heavens shall laugh; the Lord shall hold them in derision. Then He shall speak to them in His wrath, and distress them in His deep displeasure; ‘Yet I have set My King on My holy hill of Zion. I will declare the decree; the Lord has said to Me, you are My Son, today I have begotten You. Ask of Me, and I will give You the nations for Your inheritance, and the ends of the earth for You possession. You shall break (i.e., “rule”) them to pieces like a potter’s vessel.’ Now therefore, be wise, O kings; be instructed, you judges of the earth. Serve the Lord with fear, and rejoice with trembling. KISS THE SON, lest He be angry, and you perish in the way, when His wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all those who put their trust in Him” (Psalm 2).
I have inserted this Psalm at this juncture, for it needs little exposition—it is so overwhelming convincing to the reader that the nations have gathered to Armageddon under the Sixth Trumpet, the Sixth Vial—but they have been assembled by Him Who sits in the heavens and awaits His ultimate entrance, His miraculous intervention of deliverance and cleansing into the affairs of this blasphemous realm of deceit and destruction.
It is not until the SEVENTH BOWL that the Wrath of God-Wrath of the Lamb is complete – for then is Babylon the Great judged . . .
“Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, ‘It is done!’ And there were noises and thunderings and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth. Now the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. And great Babylon was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath. Then every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent. Men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, since that plague was exceedingly great” (Revelation 16:17-21).
Rightly do these seven-vial-judgments commence upon the earth in Revelation 16:2 (“upon the earth”—the first vial) – for this answers to Israel’s jurisdiction (before the Gentile World Powers) – and conclude “into the air” (Revelation 16:17) – the “heavens” – for this answers to the Church’s jurisdiction (“might be made known by the Church to the principalities and powers in the heavenly places” – Ephesians 3:10; 6:13).
For at the terminus ad quem of the 30th Day the earth and the heavens reverberate at the horrendous Judgment of Babylon the Great and the defeat of the nations, whose Beast, False Prophet and Image, is summarily judged, for . . .
“Whom the Lord will consume with the breath of His mouth and destroy with the brightness of His coming” (II Thessalonians 2:8).
Then, that GREAT AND TERRIBLE DAY OF THE LORD (Joel 2:31) . . . shall be upon the earth:
“And I will show wonders in the heavens and in the earth: blood and fire and pillars of smoke. The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the coming of the GREAT AND TERRIBLE (AWESOME) day of the Lord. And it shall come to pass that whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved . . . for in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be deliverance, as the Lord has said, among the remnant whom the Lord calls” (Joel 2:30-32).
A score of Scriptures surround this AWESOME DAY – suffice it, however, to say, THE MERCY OF THE ALMIGHTY AND OF THE LAMB UPON THE THRONE shall bring salvation to ALL ISRAEL – on THAT DAY – and “multitudes in the Valley of Decision” – shall on THAT DAY, CALL UPON THE NAME OF THE LORD—SO VAST IS HIS MERCY TO THE CHILDREN OF MEN!!
We, therefore, have beheld both the Resurrection and Rapture of the Just at the conclusion of the Seven Years; we have witnessed the Wrath of God and of the Lamb, the culmination of evil at Armageddon and the “transference” of that horrid day wherein the armies of the earth shall gather against Jerusalem and be destroyed in the Valley of Jehoshaphat (Joel 3:1-17) – the pouring out of the Seven Vials/Bowls culminating in both Armageddon and the final “Battle for Jerusalem” in the Valley of Jehoshaphat . . .
It shall be the DARKEST BEFORE THE DAWN . . . when all hope is diminished – then shall ALL ISRAEL BE SAVED!
“The ten horns you saw are ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom, but who for one hour will receive authority as kings along with the beast. They have one purpose and will give their power and authority to the beast. They will make war against the Lamb, but the Lamb will overcome them because he is Lord of lords and King of kings—and with him will be his called, chosen and faithful followers” (Revelation 17:12-14).
“Now Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men also, saying, ‘Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of His saints, to execute judgment on all, to convict all who are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have committed in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him” (Jude 14-15).
“And the armies of heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on White horses” (Revelation 19:14).
“He shall speak pompous words against the Most High, shall persecute the saints of the Most High, and shall intend to change times and law. Then the saints shall be given into his hand for a time and times and half a time. But the court shall be seated, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and destroy it forever. Then the kingdom and dominion and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people, the saints of the Most High. His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey Him” (Daniel 7:25-27).
“Thus the Lord my God will come, and all the saints with You (or “Him”—for the Resurrection and Rapture brings them to the earth once more after the 30 days) – it shall come to pass in that day that there will be no light; the lights (lit. “the glorious ones”) will diminish. It shall be one day which is known to the Lord—neither day nor night. But at evening time it shall happen that it will be light. And in that day it shall be that living waters shall flow from Jerusalem . . .” (Zechariah 14:5b-8a; Joel 2:28-32; Matthew 24:29-31; 36; Luke 21:20-28; Acts 2:17-21).”
“I watched till thrones were put in place, and the Ancient of Days was seated; His garment was white as snow, and the hair of His head was like pure wool. His throne was a fiery flame, its wheels a burning fire; a fiery stream issued and came forth from before Him. A thousand thousands ministered to Him; ten thousand times ten thousand stood before Him. The court was seated, and the books were opened. I watched then because of the sound of pompous words which the horn was speaking; I watched till the beast was slain, and its body destroyed and given to the burning flame. As for the rest of the beasts, they had their dominion taken away, yet their lives were prolonged for a season and a time. I was watching in the night visions, and behold, One like the son of Man, coming with the clouds of heaven! He came to the Ancient of Days, and they brought Him near before Him. Then to Him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and His kingdom the one which shall not be destroyed” (Daniel 7:9-14).
The voice from the Temple is heard at the announcement of the “bowls of the wrath of God on the earth” (Revelation 16:1); and at the conclusion of the seven-fold judgment/wrath – “a loud voice came out of the Temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, ‘It is done!’” (Revelation 16:17) . . . for it is from the SANCTUARY to the earth’s SANCTUARY that judgment and cleansing await us all!
Here, Joseph A. Seiss nails it:
“This angel (i.e. the angel of Revelation 14:14-16) comes ‘out of the temple;’—not ‘the temple which is in heaven,’ as in verse 17 (Revelation 14:17), or it would be so stated, but ‘the temple’ as distinguished from ‘the temple which is in heaven;’ hence the temple on earth, referring either to the material temple re-built and reconsecrated, or the spiritual temple as made up of those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus, or both; that is, from the very point and place where the Antichrist has enacted his greatest enormities of wickedness. Abel’s blood cried unto God from the ground. (Gen. 4:10.) The cry of Sodom’s wickedness came up unto Jehovah. (Gen. 28:20-21.) In like manner great Babylon’s sins came up into heaven. (Rev. 18:5.) And this cry to the sitter on the cloud comes out of the earthly temple as the cry of righteous indignation at the abominations that are being done against that temple and its God, attesting the over-ripeness of the transgressors, and claiming the due judgment upon them, as the time has come” (Seiss, ibid., pp. 360-1).
Yes, Seiss demonstrates the “earthly” Temple ramifications (Revelation 14:14-15), juxtaposed to the “heavenly” Temple ramifications (Revelation 14:17); although, I am sure, he still includes this harvest of the “earthly angel proceeding from the earthly temple” to have nothing to do with Matthew 13 which differentiates the tares from the wheat (i.e. Seiss includes both harvests under the “Wrath of God”). However, that said (and we are not in agreement with Seiss on blending these two harvests – for we affirm the first harvest to be PRIOR to the 30 days of wrath, and wholly a part of the Resurrection and Rapture of the Two Witnesses (i.e., believing Israel and the Church), we are very impressed that he alludes to this earthly dimension of the first angel, and furthermore, that he merges both the earthly temple with the spiritual (i.e., the people) in his exposition—he is correct!
Though now missing from the Jewish Calendar – this DAY (the 30 days) is all-pervasive—all-encompassing, for it merges divine destinies of the earth and the heavens, wherein the heavens come to the earth and the earth comes to the heavens. It is prophetically and indelibly written upon the Eternal’s Calendar!
THE MAN JESUS vs. THE PRINCE OF THE COVENANT
Again, time and space does now allow us to compare and contrast the 3.5 (as in three-and-one-half) year ministry of Jesus with that of Antichrist’s 3.5 year “ministry” as Prince of the Covenant. Suffice it to say that scholars validate the 1,260 day or 3.5 year ministry of Jesus on earth (Sir Robert Anderson, Tom Ice, Dr. Harold Hoehner and many others), which is substantiated by both Luke and John’s gospels—from the commencement of His baptism by John on October 4, 29 AD (Gregorian or Julian, October 6) or (Tishrei 10—the Day of Atonement (i.e., Yom Kippur) . . . to the day of His crucifixion, April 1, 33 AD (Gregorian or Julian, April 3) or (Passover, Nisan 14) (1,260 days or 3.5 years).
In accordance with Mosaic Law (Numbers 4:3, 35, 39, 43, 47) Jesus was nigh 30 years old (Luke 3:23) when he was baptized by John. This 30-year ministry commencement is calculated in accordance with the start of John the Baptist’s ministry by calculating the time of its commencement in accordance with the dates of Caesar Tiberius’ fifteenth year of his reign (Luke 3:1-6) and some six months later when John saw Jesus at His baptism and declared of Him:
“The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, ‘Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! . . . And looking at Jesus as He walked, he said, ‘Behold the Lamb of God!” (John 1:29, 36)
This Jesus, was confirmed by the aforesaid scholars to have commenced and completed His earthly ministry 3.5 years from the Day of Atonement on Tishrei 10 (October 4, 29 AD, Gregorian Calendar – the Julian Calendar date is October 6, 29 AD) until the eve of Passover, April 3, 33 AD (Using the Julian Calendar date here; however, the conversion from the Julian Calendar date of April 3, 33 AD to the Gregorian Calendar date will place the Gregorian date as April 1, 33 AD; and then conversion of this Gregorian Calendar date to the Hebrew Calendar will place the date of the crucifixion of Jesus precisely on 13 Nisan, the eve of Passover, 14 Nisan).
Please examine the following calendar converters: Hebrew Date Converter (Gregorian only equivalents; therefore, the dates will be slightly off—you must use the Julian Calendar equivalents), Convert Between Julian and Gregorian Dates (See: Tom Ice’s outstanding and collaborative piece (with Dr. Harold Hoehner and their improvements upon the work of Sir Robert Anderson, so accredited) entitled: The Seventy Weeks of Daniel.)
Ice-Hoehner use the Julian Calendar dates which must, in turn, be converted to the Gregorian Calendar dates, which in turn, must be converted to the Hebrew Calendar dates in order to derive at the precise Day of Atonement (Tishrei 10—the commencement of Jesus’ earthly ministry at the baptism of John the Baptist) and the precise Day of Passover (Nisan 14—at the eve of His crucifixion and conclusion of His earthly ministry). I know this can be terribly confusing – but the Bible is an inspired document and will stand the test of higher criticism – convincing saint and sinner that embedded within its pages is the accuracy of the Almighty—He will not be confounded! (I have included Dr. Hoehner’s research, and Tom Ice’s running commentary at the close of this text.)
All this, in spite of the superfluous and somewhat heady miscalculations of Seventh Day Adventist and advocate of the Seventieth Week of Daniel to have been fulfilled between the fall of 27 AD and the fall of 34 AD, Bob Pickle. Brethren amongst the Seventh Day Adventists are stuck in the mud of historicism and refuse to break out into the relevant pastures of progressive futurism, thereby freeing themselves of eschatological obscurity. I have repeatedly pleaded for our brethren within historicism to unite with progressive futurists to no avail—however, given the soon-coming Oracle of Damascus, perhaps then, they will reconsider!
I digress, only to substantiate the commencement of our Lord’s ministry as the Day of Atonement October 6, 29 AD (on the Julian Calendar but converted to the Gregorian Calendar, the date is October 4, 29 AD, which on the Hebrew Calendar is 10 Tishrei 3790, the Day of Atonement); followed by His subsequent Temptation in the Wilderness (having been led into the wilderness by the Spirit); His miracle at Cana of Galilee (John 2:1-11); journey to Capernaum; and, finally, his “cleansing of the Temple” on the first Passover of His ministry in Jerusalem on April 3, 30 AD, wherein He turned over the tables of the money changers and threw them out of His Father’s House!
There followed, in John’s extensive accounting, an additional two specific Passover encounters by Jesus (John 6:4; John 11:55) and possibly a fourth (John 5:1). Taken together, from the Day of Atonement, and the commencement of Jesus’ ministry at the Baptism of John when Jesus was 30 years of age (Oct 4/6, 29 AD – Tishrei 10) through the four aforesaid Passovers, until April 1/3, 33 AD (Note: The Passover Eve commenced on April 3-4 into the next day which begins on sundown of the previous day of April 3—i.e., April 3 is actually the commencement of April 4 at sundown; sundown begins April 4 . . . please adjust these Julian dates (April 3-4) to the Gregorian dates (March 30-April 1)).
By counting backwards, if you would, there are 1,260 days or 3.5 years (prophetic years) between April 3, 33 AD (Julian) and October 6, 29 AD (Julian) (or 42 months, rather precisely)—the same goes for the Gregorian dates of April 1, 33 AD back to October 4, 29 AD or from Nisan 14 (Passover-Pesach) back to Tishrei 10 (Day of Atonement-Yom Kippur) – i.e., from the conclusion of the ministry of Jesus at His crucifixion (Nisan 13/14) to the commencement of His earthly ministry at the baptism of John the Baptist on the Day of Atonement (Tishrei 10). The repetition of all these dates/calculations are imperative to our understanding of both the timing and the spiritual application of the text.
For this glorious DAY OF ATONEMENT (the commencement of Jesus’ Ministry) stands in stark contrast to the Antichrist’s COVENANT OF DEATH, AGREEMENT WITH HELL (Isaiah 28:15, 18; Daniel 9:27) and his horrid “ministry” wrought upon humanity on that future Passover which shall, most probably, commence the 70th Week of Daniel (as we have previously mentioned, at the signing of the “treaty” or “covenant with the many” or majority of Israel); climaxing his subterfuge in the midst of Daniel’s 70th Week (i.e., at the time, once again, of the Feast of Tabernacles), in rife counter distinction as the Beast, juxtaposed to the Resurrected Christ, Who on that same Feast of Tabernacles, proclaimed the promise of the Spirit to “anyone (who) thirsts, let him come to Me and drink . . . but this He spoke concerning the Spirit” (John 7:37-39).
I hasten to add that the ministry of Jesus, as the Lamb of God, connotes His unblemished sacrifice – His BLOOD ATONEMENT, as High Priest to be taken into the presence of the Almighty as the BLOOD of the Everlasting Covenant – yes, the “Veil of the Temple was torn in two from top to bottom” (Mark 15:38) as the Lamb of God cried: “And Jesus cried out with a loud voice, and breathed His last” (Mark 15:37). From Atonement to Passover – from Passover to Desecration – here is the cosmic contrast of Christ v. Antichrist. Here is the Blood of the Everlasting Covenant (Hebrews 13:20) v. the broken sham of the Prince of the Covenant (Daniel 9:27; 11:22; 8:13).
Even so, Jesus’ first attended Passover of His ministry into the Temple (John 2) is accompanied by CLEANSING it of the MONEY CHANGERS—whose “god” we know too well (John 2:13-17)! Antichrist’s Temple inauguration at the commencement of the Seventieth Week of Daniel is, undoubtedly, dripping with the god of Mammon—his Passover juxtaposed to that of Jesus’ is the exact opposite . . . that in the euphoria of the moment there is the impurity of motive, for. . .
“And (he) shall prosper and thrive; he shall destroy the mighty, and also the holy people. Through his cunning he shall cause deceit to prosper under his rule and he shall exalt himself in his heart. He shall destroy many in their prosperity (i.e., destroy them with WEALTH). He shall even rise against the Prince of princes (in case you do NOT recognize who this one is); but he shall be broken without human means” (by the divine intervention at the Second Coming of Christ!) (Daniel 8:24-25).
Here is our True Passover – Who also sends the Promise of the Spirit, the reality of the Feast of Tabernacles vs. the Prince of the Covenant whose cunning and slight (though his anger shall be horrific to witness the rehearsal of Antichrist’s defeat at the hands of Judah Maccabee) suffers the celebration of the Festival of Lights (Hanukkah or Feast of Rededication) - on Kislev 25—250 days into the 70th Week of Daniel, only to desecrate that Rededication some 1,010 days later on Tishri 14, at the Feast of Tabernacles . . . but his broken promises shall cease on that blessed 1,335th day when the Festival of Lights (in this cosmic drama) shall terminate this wretched counterfeit, whom I have dubbed “Prince of the Broken Promise” – the one who “sits as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God” (II Thessalonians 2:4)—for the final Feast of Lights, Feast of Rededication – OH, HAPPY HANUKKAH! . . . will usher in the Millennial Reign of the Son of David! Here, the Spirit will be poured out—
“On that day it shall be that living waters shall flow from Jerusalem . . . and the Lord shall be King over all the earth. In that day it shall be—‘The Lord is one,’ and His name one” (Zechariah 14:8-9) . . . And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced. Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn . . . In that day a fountain shall be opened for the house of David and for the inhabitants of Jerusalem, for sin and for uncleanness” (Zechariah 12:10; 13:1).
This indeed is the CLEANSING, the full Rededication of the Temple! (Daniel 8:14; 12:12). Oh, BLESSED IS HE WHO WAITS, AND COMES TO THE ONE THOUSAND THREE HUNDRED AND THIRTY-FIVE DAYS! (Daniel 12:12)
Make no doubt about this contrast—for the Desolator (Daniel 9:27b) separates his dastardly deeds between the 250th day of Rededication, the Feast of Lights, and of Hanukkah, from the Abomination of Desolation itself, on the Feast of Tabernacles (though it be 1,010 days from the 250th Day to the 1,260th day when the Desolator breaks the covenant). Yet, are not these two “Feast Days” once again separated by those 75 days? Yes!
Even so, though in reverse, Jesus attended in John’s gospel the Feast of Tabernacles (John 7:2-39) and then some 75 days hence He attended the Festival of Lights, Hanukkah, and Rededication (John 10:22-39). He announced the Promise of the Spirit in John 7 and in “prophetic utterance” to His Jewish audience He proclaims that He is “The Son of God” (John 10:36); furthermore, He “went over the top” when He declared: “I and My Father are one” (John 10:30). Why, at this time? Because He looked forward to that blessed day, on that final Feast of Dedication, when Israel would embrace Him as Son of God and Son of Man—thus would the Temple be fully cleansed, prepared for its Millenarian Reign!
The Antichrist-Beast shall declare at the Feast of Tabernacles, of Nations and Ingathering—where abundance of life is celebrated—that he sits “as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God” (II Thessalonians 2:4) . . . when all along this imposter, who knows his time is short, who mimics the ministry of the Son of God in its length (3.5 years – 1,260 days) is no more “God” than is the False Prophet who will so vociferously declare his false deity throughout the latter half of Daniel’s 70th Week!
Yes, 75-days of the Spirit and Life v. 75-days of the spirit of Antichrist, culminating in death and destruction at the Abomination of Desolation. Two feast days separated by eternity – the Spirit of Life and more abundantly—for He is the Son of God v. the spirit of death and destruction—for he is “the great dragon . . . that serpent of old, called the Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world” (Revelation 12:9). The One Who cleanses the Temple v. the one who desecrates the Temple – there can be no greater contrast of spiritual beings and their work in the universe!
Can we possibly stop in this diametrically opposite contrast?—for at the Feast of Tabernacles Jesus commits to the Promise of the Spirit—to ABUNDANT LIFE and interior rivers of living water gushing forth from the human spirit (John 10:10), but at the Feast of Tabernacles in the middle of Daniel’s 70th Week, the Antichrist becomes the Son of Perdition, the Man of Sin, the Lawless One—the Desolator! The One brings Life – the opposite brings death. Here is life and more abundantly – here is death and desecration of the human spirit.
At His Hanukkah Feast He attests to being the Son of God—“I give unto them eternal life” (John 10:28a) – at his (the Antichrist’s) Hanukkah (250-days into the 70th Week of Daniel) there is an absolute contradiction to the dedication of the Temple; for he awaits its final desecration and the breaking of the covenant in the middle of the Week.
THE DISTINCTION AND UNITED WITNESS OF ISRAEL AND THE CHURCH
Prior to our conclusion, let me disabuse our predatory antagonists who decry the abuses of Dispensationalism and conjecture that the Church’s obligations set in the context of Darby’s dispensations provides Israel an exclusive platform during the Seventieth Week of Daniel—these replacement eschatologists are accurate to proffer such a denunciation, but they are sadly mistaken to suggest that “God is finished with Israel.”
To throw Israel out with the bath water (facing the 70th Week of Daniel alone against a hostile world)—or to rapture the Church from her obligatory witness (sufficing the materialistic legacy of a Laodicean Church—see Revelation 3:14-22)—BOTH positions are rejected by this author and many a “progressive dispensationalist.”
The distinctions between Israel and the Church, insofar as the core of their witness concerns (i.e., Israel to the Gentile World Powers (the earth); and the Church to the Principalities and Powers in High Places (the heavens))—is Biblically irrefutable . . . notwithstanding the criticisms from the likes of synthesizers like Stephen Sizer/John Scott:
“Whether intentionally or otherwise, dispensationalism is being used today to give theological justification to what the United Nations regards as racism and the denial of basic human rights; supporting the ethnic-cleansing of Palestinians from their historic lands; endorsing the building of Jewish settlements in the Occupied Territories; inciting religious fanaticism by supporting the rebuilding of a Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah (or Mariah); dismissing moderate Jewish opinion willing to negotiate land for peace; and advocating an apocalyptic eschatology likely to become a self-fulfilling prophecy.
“It is therefore not surprising that among the indigenous Christians of the Holy Land especially, dispensationalism is regarded as a dangerous heresy, an unwelcome and alien intrusion, advocating an exclusive Jewish political agenda and undermining the genuine ministry of justice, peace and reconciliation in the Middle East. (Christian Zionism: Dispensationalism And The Roots Of Sectarian Theology. . . A History of Dispensational Approaches, International Clearing House, Dec. 20, 2000)
Reformation eschatologists are right in their theological resentments relative to assigning their outrage toward dispensationalists who insist on the Church’s speedy exodus, along with all of its theological implications, from her witness and testimony at the end of the age. However, to dispense with Israel’s theological considerations as prescient fulfillments awaiting the Almighty’s vindications and character of His majesty is an egregious theological gaffe which is irreconcilable with the volume of passages peppered throughout prophetic writ.
Progressive dispensationalism, regarding the duality of roles of Israel and the Church within the confines of Daniel’s 70th Week, is announced by Robert Gundry within his classic defense of such a united witness in The Church and the Tribulation:
“In the chronological question concerning the rapture, the dispensational issue centers in the field of ecclesiology. An absolute silence in the OT (Old Testament) about the present age, a total disconnection of the Church from the divine program for Israel, and a clean break between dispensations would favor Pretribulationism: the Church would not likely be related to the seventieth week of Daniel, or tribulation, a period of time clearly having to do with Israel. But a partial revelation of the present age in the OT, a connection (not necessarily identification) between Israel and the Church, and a dispensational change involving a transitional period open the door to the presence of the Church during the tribulation” (i.e., post-tribulationism). (Gundry, Robert H., The Church and the Tribulation, Grand Rapids: Zondervan Pub. House, 1973, p. 12.)
May the Holy Spirit confirm within us His purposes at the close of this age. And, may we as Daniel, whose prayer – whose cry - of personal and national repentance reverberates up through the halls of prophetic fulfillment until the end of the days, be persuaded that these illuminations are the Scripture of Truth (Daniel 10:21):
“As it is written in the Law of Moses, all this disaster has come upon us; yet we have not made our prayer before the Lord our God, that we might turn from our iniquities and understand Your truth . . . Now therefore, our God, hear the prayer of Your servant, and his supplication, and for the Lord’s sake cause Your face to shine on Your sanctuary, which is desolate . . . O my God, incline Your ear and hear; open Your eyes and see our desolations, and the city which is called by Your name; for we do not present our supplications before You because of our righteous deeds, but because of Your great mercies . . . O Lord, hear! O Lord, forgive! O Lord, listen and act! Do not delay for Your own sake, my God; for Your city and Your people are called by Your name” (Daniel 9:13, 17-19).
For as the shadows of His covenantal promises are assaulted by the Beast from the Abyss against Jerusalem and against the sanctuary, the day comes when the Almighty shall reveal His full cleansing upon the House of Israel, and upon the Nations, on behalf of His great purpose—for He shall roar in judgment against all those who desecrate His sanctuary. . .
“After these things I looked, and behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened (Revelation 15:5) . . . the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from His power, and no one was able to enter the temple till the seven plagues of the seven angels were completed (Revelation 15:8) . . . Then I heard a loud voice from the temple saying to the seven angels, ‘Go and pour out the bowls of the wrath of God on the earth’ (Revelation 16:1) . . . The nations were angry, and Your wrath has come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that You should reward Your servants the prophets and the saints, and those who fear Your name, small and great and should destroy those who destroy the earth (Revelation 11:18) . . . Then the temple of God was opened in heaven, and the ark of His covenant was seen in His temple. And there were lightnings, noises, thunderings, an earthquake, and great hail” (Revelation 11:19).
What angers the Almighty – what provokes His wrath – are the most invidious remarks from this BLASPHEMER!
“Then he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme His name, HIS TABERNACLE, and those who dwell in heaven” (Revelation 13:6) . . . and make no doubt about it—both earth and heaven are in view here – but something more:
“Those who ridicule and slander people who believe in God also commit a form of blasphemy. When John speaks in this passage of ‘those who live in heaven’ (and a more precise translation would be ‘those who tabernacle in heaven’), he is not speaking of those who have died and gone to heaven, but of saints who live on the earth yet whose lives are governed by heavenly realities. They ‘tabernacle in heaven’ because they believe in the unseen spiritual realm of heaven and their thinking is guided by the Word of God. As Christians, we are strangers and sojourners on the earth, and our citizenship (as the apostle Paul says) is in heaven” (Ray Stedman, God’s Final Word – Understanding Revelation, DHP, 1991, p. 248).
As Israel so radically participates in earth’s sanctification (for His original intent was “good” (Genesis 1:10, 12, 18, 21, 25)) – even so, the Church, which “wrestles not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places” (Ephesians 6:12) shall participate in “heaven’s sanctification” until there be “a new heaven and a new earth in which righteousness dwells.” (II Peter 3:13; Revelation 21:1)
Have you done the math? Does this add up? Perhaps, you, like King Belshazzar, the man whose quest for self-worship did not result in humility and repentance as wrought in King Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 4)—for Belshazzar preferred the worship of the Image of self, to the worship of the Almighty—the writing on the wall determined his fate—his math did not add up!
“You have been weighed in the balances, and found wanting . . . that very night Belshazzar, king of the Chaldeans (Babylonians), was slain” (Daniel 5:16b, 30).
There is another way – the way of all those whose sanctuary is reserved for the Almighty alone -
“And at the end of the time, I Nebuchadnezzar, lifted my eyes to heaven, and my understanding returned to me; and I blessed the Most High and praised and honored Him who lives forever: For His dominion is an everlasting dominion and His kingdom is from generation to generation. All the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing; He does according to His will in the army of heaven and among the inhabitants of the earth. No one can restrain His hand or say to Him, ‘What have You done?’ . . . Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, praise and extol and honor the King of heaven, all of whose works are truth, and His ways justice. And those who walk in pride He is able to put down” (Daniel 4:34-35, 37).
Now, YOU DO THE MATH!
“But you, go your way till the end; for you shall rest, and will arise to your inheritance at the end of the days” (Daniel 12:13).
From the Tom Ice Collection (Chapter VI - The Seventy Weeks of Daniel)
Dr. Hoehner has questioned the starting and ending times put forth by Anderson. Hoehner advocates the time of Artaxerxes’ decree as 444 b.c. and not 445 b.c. Dr. Hoehner explains:
The date of this decree is given in the biblical record. Nehemiah 1:1 states that Nehemiah heard of Jerusalem’s desolate conditions in the month of Chislev (November/ December) in Artaxerxes' twentieth year. Then later in Artaxerxes' twentieth year in the month of Nisan (March/April) Nehemiah reports that he was granted permission to restore the city and build its walls (2:1). To have Nisan later than Chislev (in the same year) may seem strange until one realizes that Nehemiah was using a Tishrei-to-Tishrei (September/October) dating method rather than the Persian Nisan-to-Nisan method. Nehemiah was following what was used by the kings of Judah earlier in their history. This method used by Nehemiah is confirmed by the Jews in Elephantine who also used this method during the same time period as Nehemiah.
Next, one needs to establish the beginning of Artaxerxes' rule. His father Xerxes died shortly after December 17, 465 b.c. and Artaxerxes immediately succeeded him. Since the accession-year system was used the first year of Artaxerxes' reign according to the Persian Nisan-to-Nisan reckoning would be Nisan 464 to Nisan 463 and according to the Jewish Tishrei-to-Tishrei reckoning would be Tishrei 464 to Tishrei 463. . . .
In conclusion, the report to Nehemiah (1:1) occurred in Chislev (November/December) of 445 B.C. and the decree of Artaxerxes (2:1) occurred in Nisan (March/April of 444 b.c.).
Therefore, Nisan 444 b.c. marks the terminus ad quo of the seventy weeks of Daniel 9:24-27.
Dr. Hoehner further objects to Anderson’s use of the solar year instead of the sabbatical year. Dr. Hoehner also corrects some of Anderson’s calculations. Dr. Hoehner spells out his difference in the following:
First, in the light of new evidence since Anderson's day, the 445 b.c. date is not acceptable for Artaxerxes' twentieth year; instead the decree was given in Nisan, 444 b.c. Second, the a.d. 32 date for the crucifixion is untenable. It would mean that Christ was crucified on either a Sunday or Monday. In fact, Anderson realizes the dilemma and he has to do mathematical gymnastics to arrive at a Friday crucifixion. This makes one immediately suspect. Actually there is no good evidence for an a.d. 32 crucifixion date.
In previous chapters in this book it was concluded that Christ's crucifixion occurred on Friday, Nisan 14, in a.d. 33. Reckoning His death according to the Julian calendar, Christ died on Friday, April 3, a.d. 33. As discussed above, the terminus a quo occurred in Nisan, 444 b.c. Although Nehemiah 2:1 does not specify which day of Nisan the decree to rebuild Jerusalem occurred, it cannot have occurred before Nisan 1. . . . it could have occurred on some other day in Nisan.
Using the calculating method Anderson used, Hoehner comes up with the 476 solar years. This is the difference between 444 b.c. and a.d. 33. By multiplying 476 by 365.24219879 days, comes to 173,855 days, and Hoehner states:
This leaves only 25 days to be accounted for between 444 b.c. and a.d. 33. By adding the 25 days to Nisan 1 or March 5 (of 444 b.c.), one comes to March 30 (of a.d. 33) which was Nisan 10 in a.d. 33. This is the triumphal entry of Jesus into Jerusalem. . . . The terminus ad quem of the sixty-ninth week was on the day of Christ's triumphal entry on March 30, a.d. 33.
As predicted in Zechariah 9:9, Christ presented Himself to Israel as Messiah the king for the last time and the multitude of the disciples shouted loudly by quoting from a messianic psalm: "Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord" (Ps. 118:26; Matt.21:9; Mark 11:10; Luke 19:38; John 12:13). This occurred on Monday, Nisan 10 (March 30) and only four days later on Friday, Nisan 14, April 3, A.D. 33, Jesus was cut off or crucified.
The seventieth week of Daniel's prophecy is yet to be fulfilled. When that is accomplished, Daniel's inquiry will be fully realized for Israel will be back in her homeland with her Messiah.
Dr. Hoehner has put together an airtight case for his understanding of the beginning and ending of the first sixty-nine weeks of Daniel’s prophecy. Dr. John Walvoord notes, in support of Dr. Hoehner, that “The best explanation of the time when the sixty-nine sevens ended is that it occurred shortly before the death of Christ anticipated in Daniel 9:26 as following the sixty-ninth seven. Practically all expositors agree that the death of Christ occurred after the sixty-ninth seven.”
I have given you the link to The Seventy Weeks of Daniel (Tom Ice Collection); the file is in PDF (the complete text). However, the Lambert Dolphin Library contains the files in separate chapters in a non-PDF format, easier to access, I believe.
PLEASE SEE BELOW
THE MINISTRY OF JESUS
THE 1,335 DAYS